Recent Progress in Surface Science - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483199962, 9781483224992

Recent Progress in Surface Science

1st Edition

Volume 2

Editors: J. F. Danielli K. G. A. Pankhurst A. C. Riddiford
eBook ISBN: 9781483224992
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1964
Page Count: 558
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Description

Recent Progress in Surface Science, Volume 2 is a 10-chapter text that covers the significant advances in some aspects of surface science, including in catalysis, genetic control of cell surface, and cell membrane. The opening chapter deals with the major factors affecting adsorption at the gas-solid interface. The subsequent chapters explore the advances in understanding of heterogeneous catalysis in terms of fundamental surface processes, as well as the concept of dynamic contact angles. These topics are followed by discussions on emulsions, flotation, and the extraordinary complexity of cell surface structures and their chemical components. Other chapters consider the experimental studies on the physiology of pinocytosis and the principles of plastron respiration. The final chapters are devoted to the isolation, characterization, and electronmicroscopic studies of cell membrane. This book is of value to surface scientists, cell biologists, and researchers in the allied fields.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

Contents of Volume 1

Physical Adsorption at the Gas-Solid Interface

I. Introduction

II. Some General and Theoretical Problems

III. Major Factors Affecting Adsorption Properties of Adsorbents

IV. Properties of Substances in the Adsorbed State

V. Adsorption of Gas and Vapor Mixtures

VI. Sorption on Major Adsorbents

References

Heterogeneous Catalysis

I. Introduction

II. The Adsorption Process

III. The Heterogeneous Atomization of Hydrogen and Oxygen

IV. The Hydrogen-Deuterium Exchange Reaction and the Ortho-Para Hydrogen Conversion

V. The Hydrogenation of Ethylene

VI. The Decomposition of Formic Acid

References

Contact Angles

I. Introduction

II. Equilibrium Considerations: Young’s Equations

III. Critical Surface Tension

IV. Polymers

V. Other Contact Angle Studies

VI. Dynamic Contact Angles

References

Emulsion

I. Formation of Emulsions

II. Stability of Emulsions

III. Electrical Barriers

IV. Solvation Barriers; “Deep Surfaces”

V. Coalescence and Stability

VI. Stickiness of Emulsion Droplets

VII. Emulsion Type

VIII. Breaking of Emulsions

IX. “Creaming” of Emulsions

X. Viscosity of Emulsions

References

Flotation

I. Fundamental Principles

II. Kinetics of Flotation

III. Prediction and Assessment of Flotation Performance

IV. Cell Design and Conditioning Studies

V. Instrumentation and Control

VI. Plant Practice

VII. Other Applications of the Flotation Process

References

The Genetic Control of Cell Surfaces

I. Introduction

II. Human Blood Groups

III. Blood Group Systems in Cattle, Sheep, and Chickens

IV. Histocompatibility

V. Mating Type Systems in Some Algae and Protozoa (Ciliates)

VI. Surface Antigens in Paramecium

VII. Genetics of Antigen Variation in Salmonella

VIII. Genetic Determination of Cortical Structures in Paramecium

IX. Conclusion

References

The Physiology of Pinocytosis

I. Introduction

II. History

III. Occurrence of Pinocytosis

IV. Induction of Pinocytosis

V. Channels and Pinosomes

VI. Possible Specific Actions

VII. Summary

References

Plastron Respiration

I. Introduction

II. Theory of Bubble Respiration

III. Theory of Plastron Respiration

IV. Water Repellency by Plastron Hairs

V. Plastron Structures

VI. Biological Significance of Plastron Structures

VII. Waterproofing and Pneumatization of the Plastron

References

Preparation and Properties of Isolated Cell Surface Membranes

I. Introduction

II. Isolation of Amoeba Cell Membranes

III. Composition and Immunological Studies

IV. Estimation of Rate of Membrane Turnover

V. Conclusion

References

The Cell Membrane: Image and Interpretation

I. Introduction

II. The Electron Microscopic Image of Cell Membranes

III. Discussion of Electron Microscopic Data

IV. Chemical Composition of Cell Membranes

V. Arrangement of Molecules in the Cell membrane

VI. Fixation and Staining Reactions

VII. Lipid Systems Structurally Related to the Molecular Configuration of the Cell Membrane; Location of the Electron-Scattering Atoms

VIII. Application of the Evidence Gained to the Image of the Cell Membrane

IX. Problems of Cell Adhesion Playing a Role in the Interpretation of the Image

X. Conclusions

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
558
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1964
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483224992

About the Editor

J. F. Danielli

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Biochemical Pharmacology,School of Pharmacy,State University of New York at Buffalo,Buffalo, New York

K. G. A. Pankhurst

A. C. Riddiford