Rapidly Quenched Metals - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444869395, 9780444601117

Rapidly Quenched Metals

1st Edition

Editors: S Steeb
eBook ISBN: 9780444601117
Imprint: North Holland
Published Date: 1st January 1985
Page Count: 1112
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Rapidly Quenched Metals, Volume I covers the proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals, held in Wurzburg, Germany on September 3-7, 1984. The book focuses on amorphous and crystalline metals formed by rapid quenching from the melt.

The selection first covers the scope and trends of developments in rapid solidification technology, rapid solidification, and undercooling of liquid metals by rapid quenching. Discussions focus on experimental method, powders, strip, particulate production, consolidation, and alloys and alloy systems. The text then examines the solidification of undercooled liquid alloys entrapped in solid; crystallization kinetics in undercooled droplets; and grain refinement in bulk undercooled alloys.

The manuscript tackles the undercooling of niobium-germanium alloys in a 100 meter drop tube; influence of process parameters on the cooling rate of the meltspinning process; and the mechanism of ribbon formation in melt-spun copper and copper-zirconium. The formation and structure of thick sections of rapidly-solidified material by incremental deposition and production of ultrafine dispersions of rare earth oxides in Ti alloys using rapid solidification are also mentioned.

The selection is a valuable reference for physicists, chemists, physical metallurgists, and engineers.

Table of Contents


List of Committees

Conference Photographs


In memoriam – Pol E. Duwez

Contents for Volume I

Contents for Volume II


Introductory Remarks

Historical Remarks and Honours

The Early Days of Quench Condensed Amorphous Films

Opening Lecture

The Scope and Trends of Developments in Rapid Solidification Technology

A. Rapid Solidification Process


Rapid Solidification - Process Technology for New Materials and Products

Solidification at Large Undercooling

Undercooling of Liquid Metals by Rapid Quenching

Solidification of Undercooled Liquid Alloys Entrapped in Solid - A Structural Investigation

Crystallization Kinetics in Undercooled Droplets

Solidification Structures Developed in Undercooled Al-Si and Pb-Sb Alloys

Grain Refinement in Bulk Undercooled Alloys

Formation of a High Pressure Phase in In-Bi Alloys Solidified from Highly Undercooled Liquid at Atmospheric Pressure

Undercooling of Niobium-Germanium Alloys in a 100 Meter Drop Tube

Analysis of Ribbon Casting Processing

The Influence of Process Parameters on the Cooling Rate of the Meltspinning Process

The Mechanism of Ribbon Formation in Melt-Spun Copper and Copper-Zirconium

Ribbon Formation of Roller Cast Al-Cu

Thermal History Calculations for Continuous Casting of Metallic Glass Tapes

Surface Quality and Thickness Effects of Amorphous Ribbons for Recording Head Applications

Analysis of Casting Conditions of Amorphous Ribbons

The Process Parameters and the Properties of Fe40Ni40B13Si7 Ribbons

Analysis of the Solidification Process in the Roller Quenching Method

Comparison of the Single Roller and Double Roller Processes for Casting Low Carbon Steel

Techniques of Rapid Solidification

Solidification Mechanisms in Amorphous and Crystalline Ribbon Casting

On the Possibilities of Making Multiple Layer Ribbons by Single Roller Melt Spinning

Properties of Fe-C-Si, Cu-Al, Al-Si Alloy Wires Produced by In-Rotating Water-Spinning Process

Pilot Scale Arc Melt Spinning for Ti Rich Alloys

Formation of Metallic and Metallic-Glass Hollow Spheres and Their Solidification Characteristics

Vitrification of Fe-Cr-Mo-P-C Alloys on Entire Surfaces by Laser Treatment

Preparation and Physical Properties of Fe-W and Co-W Amorphous Alloys by Electroplating Method

Preparation for Ni-S Amorphous Alloy by Electroplating Method

Formation and Structure of Thick Sections of Rapidly-Solidified Materials by Incremental Deposition

Composite Structures and Properties of Magnetic Amorphous Alloys Dispersed with Oxide and Carbide Particles

Surface-Smoothing and Densification of Spray-Quenched Amorphous Alloy Sheets by Warm-Rolling

B. Glass-Forming Ability and Crystallization


Metallic Glass Forming Ability

Glass-Forming Ability

Formation, Thermal Stability and Magnetic Properties of Amorphous Ni-Base Alloys

Relationships Between the Glass-Forming Ability (GFA) and Several Metallurgical Parameters : Tl, Tq, To, Tn, T and tg

On Complex Formation in Molten Alloys and Its Role in Glass Formation

Glass-Forming Ability in Binary and Ternary Systems Containing Palladium

A Theoretical Study of the Transition from Crystalline to Amorphous Structure in Alloys Produced by the Melt Spinning Process

Prediction of Glass Forming Range in Ternary Alloys from the Constituent Binary Systems

Pattern Recognition Applied to the Formability Criteria of Metallic Glasses

The Chemical Twinning Model as a Possible Guide to the Choice of New Glass Forming Compositions

Glass Forming Ability Studies in the Copper-Titanium System

Crystal Structures Competing with Glass Formation in Cu-Ti and Cu-Ti-Zr Alloys

Modeling of the Nucleation Temperature for Alloys in the Cu-Ti System Under Laser Irradiation Conditions

Fundamental Aspects of Crystallization

Crystallization Kinetics in Metallic Glasses

Nucleation, Growth and Transformation of Crystals in an Annealed High Density, Single-Component Glassy System

Interpretation of Experimental Measurements of Transient Nucleation

Crystallization Statistics in Metal-Metalloid Glasses

Solid-Undercooled Liquid Interfacial Energy of Pd-Cu-Si Alloy Glass

Crystallization of Rapidly Heated Metallic Glass

Effect of Quenching Rate on the Glass Transition and Crystallization Temperatures of Fe-B Based Metallic Glasses

Influence of Cold Rolling on the Internal Friction During Crystallization of Some Metal-Metalloid Glasses

Surface Crystallization

Photostimulated Exoelectron Emission Accompanying the Structural Transformations of Metallic Glasses

Some Comments on Metallic Glasses

Crystallization of Sputtered Iron-Carbon Amorphous Alloys with Carbon Contents in the Range 18-50 at.%

Fundamental Aspects of Crystallization

A Structural Study of Liquid-Quenched Fe-B Alloys by Mössbauer Spectroscopy and High Resolution Electron Microscopy

Location of Crystallization in Fe80B20 Metallic Glass by CEMS

The Study of Mechanism and Kinetics of Crystallization of Fe86B14 Metallic Glass

Crystallization Kinetics Studied by EDXD and Mössbauer Spectroscopy

Why Isothermal Long-Term Annealing (104h) Avoid Pitfalls as with DTA/DSC-Runs for Thermal Stability Assessments - Application to Metglasses (R) 2826 and 2826A

Crystallization Kinetics of Fe40Ni40P14B6 Glassy Alloy Under Isothermal and Nonisothermal Conditions

Free Energy Changes on Crystallization of Amorphous (Fe1-xNix)80P14B6 Alloys

Influence of Aluminium on the Crystallization of Fe-Ni-B Glasses

Annealing and Crystallization Behaviour of Fe67Co18B14Si1

In Situ Crystallization Observation in Iron - Rare Earth - Boron Glassy Alloys

Transformation Behavior and FeSiB Metallic Glasses by Small Angle X-Ray Scattering

Activation Energy for Crystallization of Amorphous Fe83Si5B12 Alloy

Enthalpic and Structural Analysis of Crystallization in Fe-B-C and Fe-Si-B-C Metallic Glasses

A Comparative Study of Initial Stage Crystallization Structures and Morphologies for Some Iron and Nickel Based Glassy Alloys

Structural Evolution of a Fe-B-Si-C Metallic Glass

Crystallization of Iron-Based Metal-Metalloid Glasses

Investigation of Crystallization and Thermal Stability of Fe78B22-xSix Metallic Glass

Effect of the Composition on Properties of Fe Cr P C Amorphous Alloys

Crystallization of Intertransition Metal Glasses

Crystallization of Amorphous Cu-Ti Alloys

Thermal Stability of Cu-Zr-M Glasses as a Function of an Average Atomization Enthalpy

Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Crystallization Enthalpies in Amorphous Zr-Ni Alloys

Glass Forming Ability and Amorphous to Crystalline Transitions in Zr-Ni Alloys

Crystallization of Ni60Hf40 Amorphous Alloy

Thermal Stability of Fe-Zr-B Glasses

Crystallization of Other Glasses

Kinetics and Mechanisms of Crystallization of Amorphous Co-Gd

Formation and Crystallization of Cr-C Sputtered Amorphous Alloys

Crystallization of Selected Areas and Their Domain Image in Amorphous Mn-Ga Thin Films

The Vitreous Transformation and Crystallization Process of Amorphous Selenium

Double Glass Transition Phenomena and Fractional Crystallization in Ge20Te80 and Al23Te77-Glasses

Crystallization of Amorphous Ni78B14Si8

Effect of the Transition Metal Admixture on the Thermal Stability of Ni73TM5Si10B12 Metallic Glasses

Investigations of the Crystallization of Electrodeposited NiP Alloys by in Situ Electron Diffraction

Amorphous-Crystalline Transition in Ni-P-B Metallic Glasses

Crystallization Behavior of a Ni-Pd Based Glassy Alloy

Study of the Crystallization Kinetics of Pd(.83-x)XxSi.17(X=Fe, Co and Ni; X=.05, .10 and .15) Metallic Glasses

C. Structure


Direct Methods for the Determination of Atomic Short-Range Order in Amorphous Solids


Is the Local Structure of Amorphous Alloys a Consequence of Medium-Range Order?

Order and Disorder in Metallic Glasses

EXAFS and XANES Studies of Metallic Glasses

X-Ray Wide and Small Angle Scattering

Structural Investigation of Fe75Si10B15 Metallic Glass Wire

A Diffraction Study of Boron and Phosphorus in the Fe40Ni40B20-xPx Family

Structure of Amorphous (Zr,Hf)-Fe Alloys

Microstructures of Amorphous and Microcrystalline Electrodeposited Co-P, Ni-P and Fe-P

The Influence of Melt Temperature and Quench Rate on Ni-Zr Metallic Glasses

Non-Uniform Structures in Melt-Spun Iron-Based Glasses

Effect of Ternary Additions on Cu-Zr Glasses Around the Composition Cu60Zr40 : Still an Ideal Solid Solution?

Neutron Wide and Small Angle Scattering

Atomic Structure of the Metallic Glass Ni80P20

A Deeper Look Into the Structure of Amorphous Fe40Ni4011B20

Short Range Structure of Ni-Fe-B Metallic Glass by Neutron Diffraction

Dynamic Structure Factor of the Metallic Glass Ni24Zr76

Partial Structure Functions of NiZr Alloy Glass Determined by an Isotope-Substitution Neutron Diffraction Method

Compositional Variations in the Short-Range Structure of Ni1-xBx (x=0.18 - 0.40) Alloy Glasses

Structural Study of an Amorphous Ni36Zr64 Alloy

Structure Study of Amorphous Fe-B and Ni-Fe-B

The Structure of Be37.5Ti62.5 Metallic Glass

Magnetic and Nuclear Small-Angle Scattering of Neutrons in Metallic Glasses

Vibrational Spectra of a-Fe.78P.22 by Inelastic Neutron Scattering

Microscopic Methods and EXAFS

Sputtered Layers of Fe-Rich and B-Rich Fe1-xBx Investigated with an Imaging Atom Probe

Crystalline-Like Short Range Order in 'Amorphous' Alloys

Distributions of Metal-Metal Neighbours in Metallic Glass Using Field Ion Microscopy

EXAFS Studies of Dilute Solid Solutions

Short-Range Order in Ni33Y67 and Cu33Y67 Amorphous Ribbons

Mössbauer Spectroscopy and Positron Annihilation

Structural Characterization and Electrochemical Behaviour of the 2605C0 Metglass

Positron Annihilation and Mössbauer Studies of ZrxFe1-x Amorphous and Crystalline Alloys

Improved Evaluation of the Local Order in Amorphous FeZr3 from Magnetically Perturbed 57Fe Mössbauer Spectroscopy

Influence of Short Range Order on Properties of Fe-Co-B Glasses

Mössbauer Spectroscopy on Amorphous FexZr100-x (20


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© North Holland 1985
North Holland
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

S Steeb