Radiometry - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123049018, 9780323154772


1st Edition

Authors: Frank Grum
eBook ISBN: 9780323154772
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1979
Page Count: 349
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Optical Radiation Measurements, Volume 1: Radiometry is an introduction to the measurement of optical radiant energy, with emphasis on the principles and generally applicable methods of radiometry. Topics range from basic concepts of radiant energy and its transfer to the calibration of instrumentation. Blackbody radiation and sources of radiation are also discussed, along with detectors and spectral analyzers.

Comprised of 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the basic concepts and characteristics of radiometry as well as its applications such as photometry, photography, television, and vision research. The next chapters describe basic concepts such as radiation laws, terminology, and the transfer of radiant energy. The emphasis in these early chapters is on fundamentals. The major components of radiometric systems are then considered. The final three chapters focus on representative techniques, with particular reference to measurements of radiant power and radiant energy; reflectance, transmittance, and absorptance; and standards and calibration.

This book is written for students, practitioners, and researchers in physics.

Table of Contents




1 Introduction

1.1 Radiometry

1.2 Basic Concepts

1.3 Characteristics of Radiometry

1.4 Applications

General References

2 Terminology and Units

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Radiometric Quantities

2.3 Photometric Quantities

2.4 Photon Quantities

2.5 Space Quantities

2.6 Terms Connected with Detectors

2.7 Reflection, Transmission, and Absorption

2.8 Supplementary Terms


3 Transfer of Radiant Energy

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Spatial Distribution of Radiant Energy: Geometrical Optics

3.3 Spatial Distribution of Radiant Energy: Wave Optics

3.4 Transmission and Reflection at an Interface

3.5 Absorption and Scattering in a Medium

3.6 Emission

3.7 Polarization

3.8 Noise


4 Blackbody Radiation

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Angular Characteristics of Blackbody Radiation

4.3 Spectral Characteristics of Blackbody Radiation

4.4 Experimental Realization of a Blackbody Simulator

4.5 Kirchhoff's Law


5 Radiation Sources

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Natural Sources

5.3 Extraterrestrial Solar Radiation

5.4 Artificial Radiation Sources

5.5 D-Illuminants and Simulators

5.6 Plotting Radiant Energy Data

Appendix 5.1 Mainline Program for Correlated Color Temperature

Appendix 5.2 CIE Special Tristimulus Values and Chromaticity Coordinates


6 Detectors

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Review of Semiconductor Physics

6.3 Detection Parameters

6.4 Noise

6.5 Photon Detectors

6.6 Thermal Detectors


7 Spectral Analyzers

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Filters

7.3 Monochromators

7.4 Spectrometers


8 Measurements of Radiant Power and Radiant Energy

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Total Radiometric Measurements

8.3 Spectral Measurements

8.4 Radiance and Radiant Intensity of an Incoherent Source

8.5 Geometrically Total Radiant Power

8.6 Radiometric Temperature Measurement

8.7 Measurements of Emissivity

8.8 Laser Power and Energy Measurements

8.9 Blackbody Simulator Emissivity

8.10 Detector Measurements: Responsivity, Linearity, NEP, and D*


9 Measurements of Reflectance, Transmittance, and Absorptance

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Origin of Spectra and Spectral Ranges

9.3 Processes Involved in Spectrophotometry

9.4 Methods of Measurement

9.5 Reflection

9.6 Transmission

9.7 Determination of the Spectral Transmittance of Transparent Materials

9.8 Measurement of Direct Absorptance

9.9 Sources of Measurement Errors

9.10 Special Spectrophotometric Techniques


10 Standards and Calibration

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Photometry and Radiometry

10.3 Spectral Irradiance and Radiance Standards

10.4 Absolute Radiometry

10.5 Spectrophotometric Standards

10.6 Concluding Remarks




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© Academic Press 1979
Academic Press
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About the Author

Frank Grum

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