Radiometric Calibration: Theory and Methods - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780127661506, 9780323160094

Radiometric Calibration: Theory and Methods

1st Edition

Authors: Clair Wyatt
eBook ISBN: 9780323160094
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th December 1978
Page Count: 214
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Radiometric Calibration: Theory and Methods contains an engineering development of the theories and methods of radiometric calibration.

This book is organized into 18 chapters. Chapters I to V present an introduction to nomenclature, radiation geometry, and blackbody radiation that serves to simplify the discussion of the calibration theory. The rest of the chapters provide the theory of sensor calibration, reviewing numerous examples in which laboratory equipment and specific techniques are described. Algorithms are also covered for digital computer processing as appropriate for each functional aspect of sensor characterization.

This publication is intended for engineers and applied physicists concerned with sensor calibration and the interpretation of sensor data.

Table of Contents


Chapter I Introduction and Objectives

1-1 Introduction

1-2 Calibration Objectives


Chapter II Definitions

2-1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

2-2 Instrumentation Types

2-3 The Resolving Power of a Spectrometer

2-4 Spectrometer Data Presentation


Chapter III Radiometric Nomenclature

3-1 Introduction

3-2 Entities Based on Flux, Area, and Solid Angle

3-3 Entities Based on Flux, Volume, and Solid Angle

3-4 Photometric Entities

3-5 Projected Area

3-6 Solid Angle

3-7 Projected Solid Angle

3-8 Throughput and ƒ-Number

3-9 Properties of Materials

3-10 The Rayleigh

3-11 Spectral Radiometrie Entities

3-12 Apparent Radiometrie Entities


Chapter IV Blackbody Radiation

4-1 Introduction

4-2 Planck's Equation

4-3 The Wien Displacement Law

4-4 The Stefan-Boltzmann Law

4-5 Rayleigh-Jeans' Law and Wien's Radiation Law

4-6 Emissivity and Kirchhofes Law

4-7 Lambert's Cosine Law


Chapter V Geometrical Flux Transfer

5-1 Introduction

5-2 The Ray

5-3 The Invariance of Throughput

5-4 The Invariance of Sterance [Radiance, Luminance]

5-5 The Fundamental Theorem of Radiometry

5-6 The Basic Entity of Sterance [Radiance, Luminance]

5-7 The Entity of Pointance [Intensity] and Point Sources

5-8 The Entity of Areance [Exitance]

5-9 The Entity of Sterisent (Emission in Gas)

5-10 Configuration Factors


Chapter VI Engineering Calibration

6-1 Introduction

6-2 Detector Types

6-3 Detector Parameters and Calibration

6-4 Noise Equivalent Power

6-5 Instrument Sensitivity


Chapter VII Standards and Calibration Uncertainty

7-1 Introduction

7-2 The National Bureau of Standards

7-3 Standards

7-4 Standards of Wavelength

7-5 Calibration Uncertainty


Chapter VIII Dark-Noise Analysis

8-1 Introduction

8-2 The Dark-Noise Mean and Variance

8-3 Dark-Noise Data Processing

8-4 Dark Noise—An Example


Chapter IX Linearity Analysis

9-1 Introduction

9-2 Graphical Display of the Transfer Function

9-3 Mathematical Modeling of the Transfer Function

9-4 Nonlinear Systems


Chapter X Spatial Purity

10-1 Introduction

10-2 Field of View

10-3 The Ideal Field of View

10-4 The Nonideal Field of View

10-5 Errors Associated with Nonideal Field of View

Chapter XI Field of View Calibration

11-1 Introduction

11-2 Resolution

11-3 Optical Axis Alignment

11-4 Off-Axis Rejection

11-5 Field-of-View Analysis


Chapter XII Spectral Purity

12-1 Introduction

12-2 Spectral Response

12-3 The Ideal Spectral Bandpass

12-4 The Nonideal Spectral Bandpass

12-5 Errors Associated with Nonideal Spectral Bandpass


Chapter XIII Spectral Calibration

13-1 Introduction

13-2 The Relative Spectrometer Calibration

13-3 Bandpass Calibration of a Radiometer

13-4 The Calculation of the Normalized Flux

13-5 Spectral Purity

13-6 Absolute Calibration

13-7 Spectral Responsivity Calibration


Chapter XIV Temporal Response

14-1 Introduction

14-2 Temporal-Frequency Response

14-3 Temporal Response—An Example


Chapter XV Polarization Response

15-1 Introduction

15-2 Polarization

15-3 Polarizers and Retardation Plates

15-4 Stokes Parameters

15-5 Measurement of Stokes Parameters

15-6 Applications of Polarization

15-7 Metrological Implications of Polarization

15-8 Infrared Polarizers


Chapter XVI Practical Calibration of Cryogenic LWIR Systems

16-1 Introduction

16-2 Engineering Calibration

16-3 Final Calibration


Chapter XVII Calibration of a Radiometer—A Detailed Example

17-1 Introduction

17-2 Operational Procedures

17-3 Calibration Summary

Chapter XVIII Calibration of an Interferometer-Spectrometer—A Detailed Example

18-1 Introduction

18-2 Operational Procedure

18-3 Calibration Summary


Appendix A SI Base Units

Appendix B SI Prefixes

Appendix C Atomic Constants



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Academic Press
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About the Author

Clair Wyatt

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