Radiometric Calibration: Theory and Methods

Radiometric Calibration: Theory and Methods

1st Edition - December 28, 1978

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  • Author: Clair Wyatt
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323160094

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Description

Radiometric Calibration: Theory and Methods contains an engineering development of the theories and methods of radiometric calibration. This book is organized into 18 chapters. Chapters I to V present an introduction to nomenclature, radiation geometry, and blackbody radiation that serves to simplify the discussion of the calibration theory. The rest of the chapters provide the theory of sensor calibration, reviewing numerous examples in which laboratory equipment and specific techniques are described. Algorithms are also covered for digital computer processing as appropriate for each functional aspect of sensor characterization. This publication is intended for engineers and applied physicists concerned with sensor calibration and the interpretation of sensor data.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Chapter I Introduction and Objectives

    1-1 Introduction

    1-2 Calibration Objectives

    References

    Chapter II Definitions

    2-1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

    2-2 Instrumentation Types

    2-3 The Resolving Power of a Spectrometer

    2-4 Spectrometer Data Presentation

    References

    Chapter III Radiometric Nomenclature

    3-1 Introduction

    3-2 Entities Based on Flux, Area, and Solid Angle

    3-3 Entities Based on Flux, Volume, and Solid Angle

    3-4 Photometric Entities

    3-5 Projected Area

    3-6 Solid Angle

    3-7 Projected Solid Angle

    3-8 Throughput and ƒ-Number

    3-9 Properties of Materials

    3-10 The Rayleigh

    3-11 Spectral Radiometrie Entities

    3-12 Apparent Radiometrie Entities

    References

    Chapter IV Blackbody Radiation

    4-1 Introduction

    4-2 Planck's Equation

    4-3 The Wien Displacement Law

    4-4 The Stefan-Boltzmann Law

    4-5 Rayleigh-Jeans' Law and Wien's Radiation Law

    4-6 Emissivity and Kirchhofes Law

    4-7 Lambert's Cosine Law

    References

    Chapter V Geometrical Flux Transfer

    5-1 Introduction

    5-2 The Ray

    5-3 The Invariance of Throughput

    5-4 The Invariance of Sterance [Radiance, Luminance]

    5-5 The Fundamental Theorem of Radiometry

    5-6 The Basic Entity of Sterance [Radiance, Luminance]

    5-7 The Entity of Pointance [Intensity] and Point Sources

    5-8 The Entity of Areance [Exitance]

    5-9 The Entity of Sterisent (Emission in Gas)

    5-10 Configuration Factors

    References

    Chapter VI Engineering Calibration

    6-1 Introduction

    6-2 Detector Types

    6-3 Detector Parameters and Calibration

    6-4 Noise Equivalent Power

    6-5 Instrument Sensitivity

    References

    Chapter VII Standards and Calibration Uncertainty

    7-1 Introduction

    7-2 The National Bureau of Standards

    7-3 Standards

    7-4 Standards of Wavelength

    7-5 Calibration Uncertainty

    References

    Chapter VIII Dark-Noise Analysis

    8-1 Introduction

    8-2 The Dark-Noise Mean and Variance

    8-3 Dark-Noise Data Processing

    8-4 Dark Noise—An Example

    References

    Chapter IX Linearity Analysis

    9-1 Introduction

    9-2 Graphical Display of the Transfer Function

    9-3 Mathematical Modeling of the Transfer Function

    9-4 Nonlinear Systems

    References

    Chapter X Spatial Purity

    10-1 Introduction

    10-2 Field of View

    10-3 The Ideal Field of View

    10-4 The Nonideal Field of View

    10-5 Errors Associated with Nonideal Field of View

    Chapter XI Field of View Calibration

    11-1 Introduction

    11-2 Resolution

    11-3 Optical Axis Alignment

    11-4 Off-Axis Rejection

    11-5 Field-of-View Analysis

    References

    Chapter XII Spectral Purity

    12-1 Introduction

    12-2 Spectral Response

    12-3 The Ideal Spectral Bandpass

    12-4 The Nonideal Spectral Bandpass

    12-5 Errors Associated with Nonideal Spectral Bandpass

    References

    Chapter XIII Spectral Calibration

    13-1 Introduction

    13-2 The Relative Spectrometer Calibration

    13-3 Bandpass Calibration of a Radiometer

    13-4 The Calculation of the Normalized Flux

    13-5 Spectral Purity

    13-6 Absolute Calibration

    13-7 Spectral Responsivity Calibration

    References

    Chapter XIV Temporal Response

    14-1 Introduction

    14-2 Temporal-Frequency Response

    14-3 Temporal Response—An Example

    References

    Chapter XV Polarization Response

    15-1 Introduction

    15-2 Polarization

    15-3 Polarizers and Retardation Plates

    15-4 Stokes Parameters

    15-5 Measurement of Stokes Parameters

    15-6 Applications of Polarization

    15-7 Metrological Implications of Polarization

    15-8 Infrared Polarizers

    References

    Chapter XVI Practical Calibration of Cryogenic LWIR Systems

    16-1 Introduction

    16-2 Engineering Calibration

    16-3 Final Calibration

    References

    Chapter XVII Calibration of a Radiometer—A Detailed Example

    17-1 Introduction

    17-2 Operational Procedures

    17-3 Calibration Summary

    Chapter XVIII Calibration of an Interferometer-Spectrometer—A Detailed Example

    18-1 Introduction

    18-2 Operational Procedure

    18-3 Calibration Summary

    References

    Appendix A SI Base Units

    Appendix B SI Prefixes

    Appendix C Atomic Constants

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 214
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1978
  • Published: December 28, 1978
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323160094

About the Author

Clair Wyatt

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  • JosephSauvageau Mon Jun 17 2019

    Essential Radiometric Calibration Book

    This is a definite must in the collection for anyone that needs to understand and plan for radiometric calibration of sensors. This book is also referred to in the NIST technical notes for best practices for calibration of space based sensors.