Radioisotope Instruments - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080158020, 9781483159331

Radioisotope Instruments

1st Edition

International Series of Monographs in Nuclear Energy

Authors: J. F. Cameron C. G. Clayton
Editors: D. J. Silverleaf
eBook ISBN: 9781483159331
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1971
Page Count: 320
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Description

International Series of Monographs in Nuclear Energy, Volume 107: Radioisotope Instruments, Part 1 focuses on the design and applications of instruments based on the radiation released by radioactive substances. The book first offers information on the physical basis of radioisotope instruments; technical and economic advantages of radioisotope instruments; and radiation hazard. The manuscript then discusses commercial radioisotope instruments, including radiation sources and detectors, computing and control units, and measuring heads. The text describes the applications of radioisotope instruments in the industries, including mining and quarrying; agriculture, forestry, and fishing; manufacturing industries; transport and communications; and civil engineering constructions. The manuscript also focuses on legislation and codes of practice on the use of sealed radioisotope sources and control of radiation hazard. The book is a dependable reference for readers interested in radioisotope instruments.

Table of Contents


Contents

Foreword

Preface

Acknowledgments to Part 1

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.1 The Physical Basis of Radioisotope Instruments

1.2 Technical Advantages of Radioisotope Instruments

1.3 Economic Advantages of Radioisotope Instruments

1.4 Some Characteristics of Radioisotope Instruments

1.5 Radiation Hazard

Chapter 2 Commercial Radioisotope Instruments

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Radiation Sources and Detectors

2.2.1 Radiation Sources and Source-Holders

2.2.2 Radiation Detectors

2.3 Measuring Heads

2.3.1 Measuring Heads Used in the Continuous Measurement of Mass Per Unit Area and Thickness

2.3.2 Measuring Heads Used in Coating and Plating Thickness Measurement

2.3.3 Level Gauges and Package Monitors, Density Gauges and Soil Moisture-Density Gauges, Analytical Instruments

2.4 Indicating Units

2.4.1 General Design Features

2.4.2 Consoles

2.4.3 Deviation and Limit Indicators, Operator's Control Units and Recorders

2.5 Computing and Control Units

2.5.1 Difference, Ratio and Average Computers

2.5.2 Production Analyzers

2.5.3 Automatic Process Control

2.5.4 Automatic Standardization

Chapter 3 Application of Radioisotope Instruments in Industry

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Advantages of Radioisotope Instruments

3.2.1 Technical Advantages

3.2.2 Cost

3.2.3 Economic Benefits

3.3 Summary of The Uses of Radioisotope Instruments

3.4 Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing

3.4.1 Agriculture

3.4.2 Forestry

3.5 Mining and Quarrying

3.5.1 Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas

3.5.2 Coal

3.5.3 Metal Mining

3.5.4 Non-Metallic Mining and Quarrying

3.6 The Manufacturing Industries

3.6.1 The Food and Beverage Industries

3.6.2 The Tobacco Industry

3.6.3 Manufacture of Textiles

3.6.4 The Wood and Cork Industry

3.6.5 Manufacture of Paper and Paper Products

3.6.6 Printing, Publishing and Allied Industries

3.6.7 Manufacture of Leather and Leather and Fur Products

3.6.8 Manufacture of Rubber Products

3.6.9 Chemicals and Chemical Products

3.6.10 Manufacture of Products of Petroleum and Coal

3.6.11 Manufacture of Non-Metallic Mineral Products

3.6.12 The Basic Metals Industry

3.6.13 Manufacture of Metal Products

3.6.14 Manufacture of Machinery

3.6.15 Manufacture of Transport Equipment

3.6.16 Miscellaneous Manufacturing Industries

3.7 Civil Engineering Constructions

3.7.1 Stability of Civil Engineering Constructions and Building Foundations 2

3.7.2 Measurements of The Density and Moisture Content of Concrete

3.7.3 Location of Reinforcing Bars

3.7.4 Density of Spoil in Suction Dredging Using Silt Density Gauges

3.7.5 Other Applications

3.8 Electricity, Gas, Water and Sanitary Services

3.8.1 Electricity, Gas and Steam

3.8.2 Water and Sanitary Services

3.9 Research, Services, Transport and Communications

3.9.1 Meteorological, Geophysical and Hydrological Research

3.9.2 Libraries and Museums

3.9.3 Space Research

3.9.4 Transport and Communications

Chapter 4 Health and Safety, Legal Requirements and Insurance

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Radiation Hazard and Its Control

4.2.1 Radiation Units

4.2.2 Biological Effects of Radiation

4.2.3 Maximum Permissible Levels of Radiation

4.2.4 External Radiation Hazard and Its Control

4.2.5 Internal Radiation Hazard and Its Control—Contamination Control

4.2.6 Radiation Intensity Monitoring Instruments

4.3 Legislation and Codes of Practice Governing the Use of Sealed Radioisotope Sources

4.3.1 International Regulations and Codes of Practice

4.3.2 Legislation and Codes of Practice in the United Kingdom

4.3.3 The Radiological Protection Service

4.3.4 Practical Methods of Reducing Exposure and Hazard in Radioisotope Instruments

4.4 Insurance of Sealed Radioisotope Sources and Installations

4.4.1 Types of Risk


Details

No. of pages:
320
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1971
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483159331

About the Author

J. F. Cameron

C. G. Clayton

About the Editor

D. J. Silverleaf