Radiochemistry and Nuclear Chemistry

4th Edition

Authors: Gregory Choppin Jan-Olov Liljenzin Jan Rydberg Christian Ekberg
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124058972
eBook ISBN: 9780123978684
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 24th September 2013
Page Count: 866
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Description

Radiochemistry or nuclear chemistry is the study of radiation from an atomic and molecular perspective, including elemental transformation and reaction effects, as well as physical, health and medical properties.

This revised edition of one of the earliest and best-known books on the subject has been updated to bring into teaching the latest developments in research and the current hot topics in the field. To further enhance the functionality of this text, the authors have added numerous teaching aids, examples in MathCAD with variable quantities and options, hotlinks to relevant text sections from the book, and online self-grading tests.

Key Features

  • New edition of a well-known, respected text in the specialized field of nuclear/radiochemistry
  • Includes an interactive website with testing and evaluation modules based on exercises in the book
  • Suitable for both radiochemistry and nuclear chemistry courses

Readership

Chemistry, physics, and engineering students as well as medical (radiological) degree courses; Professional engineers and professors in these disciplines

Table of Contents

Foreword to the 4th Edition

Chapter 1. Origin of Nuclear Science

Abstract

1.1 Radioactive Elements

1.2 Radioactive Decay

1.3 Discovery of Isotopes

1.4 Atomic Models

1.5 Nuclear Power

1.6. Literature

Chapter 2. Elementary Particles

Abstract

2.1 Elementary Particles

2.2 Forces of Nature

2.3 Waves and Particles

2.4 Formation and Properties of Some Elementary Particles

2.5 The Neutrino

2.6 Quarks and the Standard Model

2.7 Exercises

2.8. Literature

Chapter 3. Nuclei, Isotopes and Isotope Separation

Abstract

3.1 Species of Atomic Nuclei

3.2 Atomic Masses and Atomic Weights

3.3 Determination of Isotopic Masses and Abundances

3.4 Isotopic Ratios in Nature

3.5 Physicochemical Differences for Isotopes

3.6 Isotope Effects in Chemical Equilibrium

3.7 Isotope Effects in Chemical Kinetics

3.8 Isotope Separation Processes

3.9 Exercises

3.10. Literature

Chapter 4. Nuclear Mass Stability

4.1 Patterns of Nuclear Stability

4.2 Neutron to Proton Ratio

4.3 Mass Defect

4.4 Binding Energy

4.5 Nuclear Radius

4.6 Semiempirical Mass Equation

4.7 Valley of β-Stability

4.8 The Missing Elements: 43Tc and 61Pm

4.9 Other Modes of Instability

4.10 Exercises

4.11. Literature

Chapter 5. Unstable Nuclei and Radioactive Decay

Abstract

5.1 Radioactive Decay

5.2 Conservation Laws

5.3 Alpha Decay

5.4 Beta Decay

5.5 Gamma Emission and Internal Conversion

5.6 Spontaneous Fission

5.7 Rare Modes of Decay

5.8 Decay Schemes and Isotope Charts

5.9 Secondary Processes in the Atom

5.10 Closed Decay Energy Cycles

5.11 Kinetics of Simple Ra

Details

No. of pages:
866
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780123978684
Hardcover ISBN:
9780124058972

About the Author

Gregory Choppin

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Chemistry, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA

Jan-Olov Liljenzin

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Nuclear Chemistry, Chalmers University of Technology, Goteborg, Sweden

Jan Rydberg

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Nuclear Chemistry, Chalmers University of Technology, Goteborg, Sweden

Christian Ekberg

Christian Ekberg is a full professor in Industrial Materials Recycling (since 2007) as well as a full professor in Nuclear Chemistry (since 2012) at Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden. He is also an elected member of the Royal Swedish Academy for Engineering Sciences. The main research focus on the last 25 years has been solution chemistry of the lightest to the heaviest elements in the periodic table (thermodynamics, solvent extraction etc) as well as statistical uncertainty analysis. In later years the focus has started to include recycling processes from various sources as well as the new Gen IV nuclear reactor systems. He has published more than 120 reviewed scientific papers.

Affiliations and Expertise

Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden

Reviews

Reviews of the second edition:
"The book fully meets the authors objectives, it is well written in a logical, objective, thought-provoking and quite easily readable style. It should appeal to the serious student of radio- and nuclear chemistry at either undergraduate or postgraduate level, as well as to readers with a more general interest in nuclear science and its impact on the environment." --Applied Radiation and Isotopes, July 1995

"This book is an excellent, readable account of a significant part of the scientific achievements of more than half this century. The authors have dedicated the book to Nobel Laureate Glenn T. Seaborg and its scholarship makes it a fitting tribute." --Radiological Protection Bulletin, December 1995