Radioactivity Measurements

Radioactivity Measurements

Principles and Practice

1st Edition - January 1, 1991

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  • Editors: W. B. Mann, A. Rytz, A. Spernol
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080983943

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Description

The authors have addressed the basic need for internationally consistent standards and methods demanded by the new and increasing use of radioactive materials, radiopharmaceuticals and labelled compounds. Particular emphasis is given to the basic and practical problems that may be encountered in measuring radioactivity. The text provides information and recommendations in the areas of radiation protection, focusing on quality control and the precautions necessary for the preparation and handling of radioactive substances. New information is also presented on the applications of both traditional and innovative instruments in the fields of diagnostic and clinical radiology, radiation protection, biomedical research, industrial and agricultural applications, power production and waste control.

Readership

For radiation physicists and chemists, radionuclide metrologists, practitioners of nuclear medicine and nuclear technologists.

Table of Contents

  • Complete chapter headings and selected subheadings: Introduction. Organization of laboratories for radionuclide metrology. Tasks of laboratories engaged in radionuclide metrology. Definitions, Quantities, Symbols and Units: Some Useful Constants and Relations. Basic concepts and parameters used in the measurement of radioactivity. Radionuclides, radioactivity. Radiations. Energy. Dosimetry. General Problems in Radionuclide Metrology. Radiation protection. Radioactivity source preparation. Evaluation of radioactivity measurements. Detectors. Interactions of radiation with matter. Gas-ionization detectors: Ionization chambers, proportional and Geiger-Muller counters. Light-emitting, electron-emitting and solid-state detectors. Cerenkov radiation detectors. Counting radioactive atoms. Radiation energy spectrometry. Methods of Radioactivity Measurement. Relative low- and medium-geometry defined solid-angle counting; including spectrometry. 4Pi Methods. Coincidence counting. Electronic Instruments for Radioactivity Measurements. Pulses. Differentiating and integrating networks. Amplifiers; general. Microelectronics. Coincidence and anticoincidence logic circuits. Discriminators and other pulse- and data-processing equipment. Low-level-current measurements. Radioactivity Calibration Laboratory: Scope, Staff and Equipment. References.

Product details

  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1991
  • Published: January 1, 1991
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080983943

About the Editors

W. B. Mann

Affiliations and Expertise

Washington, USA

A. Rytz

Affiliations and Expertise

Lausanne, Switzerland

A. Spernol

Affiliations and Expertise

Geel, Belgium

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