Radiation Dosimetry

Radiation Dosimetry

1st Edition - January 1, 1956

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  • Editors: Gerald J. Hine, Gordon L. Brownell
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483258539

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Description

Radiation Dosimetry focuses on the advancements, processes, technologies, techniques, and principles involved in radiation dosimetry, including counters and calibration and standardization techniques. The selection first offers information on radiation units and the theory of ionization dosimetry and interaction of radiation with matter. Topics include quantities derivable from roentgens, determination of dose in roentgens, ionization dosimetry of high-energy photons and corpuscular radiations, and heavy charged particles. The text then examines the biological and medical effects of radiation, as well as radiation effects in malignant tissues, levels of radiation, and mechanism of radiation effects on living cells. The publication takes a look at ionization chambers, Geiger-Mueller counters and proportional counters, scintillation detectors, and photographic film dosimetry, Discussions focus on calibration and standardization techniques, scintillating materials and their light yield, scintillation detector dosimetry of neutrons, and the physics of counters. The text also ponders on chemical and colorimetric indicators and survey instruments and pocket dosimeters. The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in radiation dosimetry.

Table of Contents


  • Contents

    List of Contributors

    Preface

    Fundamental Principles of Dosimetry

    1. Radiation Units and Theory of Ionization Dosimetry

    I. Introduction

    II. Units of Dose

    III. Quantities Derivable from the Roentgen

    IV. Determination of Dose in Roentgens

    V. The Bragg-Gray Theory of the Small Ionization Chamber

    VI. Ionization Dosimetry of High-Energy Photons and Corpuscular Radiations

    References

    2. Interaction of Radiation with Matter

    I. Electromagnetic Radiation 10 3 to 10 8 Electron Volts

    II. Electrons

    III. Neutrons

    IV. Heavy Charged Particles

    References

    3. Biological and Medical Effects of Radiation

    I. Mechanism of Radiation Effects on Living Cells

    II. Effects of Radiation in General

    III. Biological Effect of Radiation on Normal Tissues

    IV. Radiation Effects on Malignant Tissues

    V. Levels of Radiation

    References

    Radiation Detectors and their Calibration

    4. Ionization Chambers

    I. Introduction

    II. The Design of Ionization Chambers

    III. Special Types of Ionization Chambers

    References

    5. Geiger-Mueller Counters and Proportional Counters

    I. Introduction

    II. Physics of Counters

    III. The Use of Counters for the Dosimetry of Radioactive Isotopes

    IV. The Use of Counters for the Measurement of Radiation Fields

    References

    6. Scintillation Detectors

    I. Physics of Scintillation Detectors

    II. Scintillating Materials and Their Light Yield

    III. Scintillation Detector Dosimetry of X- and 7-Rays

    IV. Scintillation Detector Dosimetry of Charged Particles

    V. Scintillation Detector Dosimetry of Neutrons

    References

    7. Photographic Film Dosimetry

    I. Physics of Film Dosimetry

    II. Calibration and Standardization Techniques

    III. Instrumentation

    IV. Applications

    References

    8. Chemical and Colorimetric Indicators

    I. Introduction

    II. Physics of Chemical Dosimeter Systems

    III. Dosimetry with Liquid Chemical Systems

    IV. Applications of Chemical Dosimeters

    V. Synopsis of Chemical Methods for Dosimetry of X-,ɤ-, and Fast Neutron

    Radiation

    References

    9. Calorimetric Methods

    I. Introduction

    II. Principles of Calorimetry

    III. Heat Detection

    IV. Calorimetric Determinations of Quantity of Radiation

    V. Absorbed Dose Measurements

    VI. Source Strength Calibration

    VII. Local Absorbed Dose Calorimeter

    References

    10. Survey Instruments and Pocket Dosimeters

    I. Introduction

    II. Gamma-Ray Instruments and Dosimeters

    III. Beta-Ray Instruments and Dosimeters

    IV. Alpha-Ray Instruments and Dosimeters

    V. Neutron Instruments and Dosimeters

    VI. Film Badges

    VII. Air Monitoring

    VIII. Calibration Techniques

    IX. Civil Defense Instruments

    X. Future Trends

    References

    11. Standardization of X-Ray Beams and Radioactive Isotopes

    I. Standardization of X-Ray Beams and Radium

    II. Standardization of Radioactive Isotopes

    References

    Radiation Fields and their Dosimetry

    12. X-Rays and Teleisotope ɤ-Rays

    I. Production of Radiation

    II. Surface Backscatter

    III. Percentage Depth Dose

    IV. Isodose Distributions of Radiation

    V. Rotation Therapy

    VI. Clinical Radiation Distributions

    VII. Integral Dose and Energy Absorption

    VIII. Spectral Distribution of Radiation

    References

    13. High-Energy Electron Beams

    I. Sources of High-Energy Electrons

    II. Intensity Measurements

    III. Dose Measurements

    IV. Electron Beam Applications

    References

    14. Heavy Charged-Particle Beams

    I. Introduction

    II. Physical Properties of Heavy Charged Particles

    III. Dose Measurement

    IV. Applications

    References

    15. Neutrons and Mixed Radiations

    I. Introduction

    II. Theoretical Neutron Dosimetry

    III. Methods of Experimental Neutron Dosimetry

    IV. Dose Measurements in Mixed Radiation Fields Containing Neutrons of Various Energies

    V. Neutron Capture Therapy

    References

    16. Discrete Radioisotope Sources

    I. Beta-Radiation

    II. Gamma-Radiation

    References 7

    17. Internally Administered Radioisotopes

    I. Physical and Biological Factors Controlling Concentration of Administered Isotopes in Tissue

    II. Beta-Particle Dosimetry

    III. Gamma-Ray Dosimetry

    IV. Examples of Tissue Dose Calculations

    References

    18. Isotope Shipment and Disposal

    I. Shipment of Radioactive Isotopes

    II. Disposal of Radioactive Wastes

    References

    Appendix: Tables of Data Useful for Dose Calculations

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 946
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1956
  • Published: January 1, 1956
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483258539

About the Editors

Gerald J. Hine

Gordon L. Brownell

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