Radiation Dosimetry Phosphors provides an overview of the synthesis, properties and applications of materials used for radiation dosimetry and reviews the most appropriate phosphor materials for each radiation dosimetry technique. The book describes the available phosphors used commercially for their applications in the medical field for dose measurements. Although radiation dosimetry phosphors are commercially available, continuous efforts have been made by the worldwide research community to develop new materials or improve already existing materials used in different areas with low or high levels of radiation. Moreover, researchers are still working on developing dosimetric phosphors for OSL, ML, LL and RPL dosimetry. This book provides an overall view of the phosphors available, low cost synthesis methods, mechanisms involved, emerging trends and new challenges for the development of emerging materials for radiation dosimetry. It is suitable for those working in academia and R&D laboratories in the discipline of materials science and engineering, along with practitioners working in radiation and dosimetry.
Provides the fundamental concepts, historical context and review of current phosphors available for radiation dosimetry
Reviews low-cost material methods to synthesize and characterize rare earth doped inorganic phosphors for different kinds of radiation dosimetry techniques
Discusses key barriers and potential solutions for enabling commercial realization phosphors for radiation dosimetry applications
Materials Scientists and Engineers, Physicists
Table of Contents
1. Introduction to luminescence and radiation dosimetry techniques 2. Principles, mechanisms and models of radiation dosimetry 3. An overview of phosphors for TL radiation dosimetry 4. Analysis of the methods for the determination of the trapping parameters for the TL glow curves of the dosimetric phosphors 5. Mathematical theory of the methods used to evaluate the physical parameters of electron trapping levels – application examples 6. Understanding OSL Radiation Dosimetery and Its Applications 7. Analysis of complex TL, OSL, and other stimulated luminescence curves using analytical expressions 8. Low Z phosphors for radiation dosimetry 9. Thermoluminescent materials for high energy dosimetry 10. Nanophosphors for radiation dosimetry 11. Thermoluminescence Radiation Dosimetry in Sulphate-based Phosphors 12. Thermoluminescence glow curve analysis and proposed model for Eu3+ activated MY2O4 (M=Ba, Ca, Sr) phosphors for dosimetric application 13. Thermoluminescence Study of Pure and Doped MgAl2O4 Crystals 14. Advances in the rare-earth doped CaSO4 phosphors for thermoluminescence dosimetry 15. Dosimetric properties of dysprosium doped magnesium borate glass with calcium modifier by gamma irradiation 16. Ion Beam dosimetry: An emerging field 17. Lyoluminescence: Recent developments and dosimetric applications 18. Synthesis of phosphors and fabrication of devices for mechanoluminescence dosimetry 19. Biological Effects of Radiation 20. New challenges in radiation dosimetry and possible materials
Prof. Sanjay J. Dhoble obtained his M.Sc. degree in Physics from Rani Durgavati University, Jabalpur, India in 1988 and Ph.D. degree in 1992 in Solid State Physics from Nagpur University, Nagpur. Dr. Dhoble is presently working as a Professor in the Department of Physics, RTM Nagpur University, Nagpur, India. His research area includes synthesis and characterization of solid-state lighting materials, development of radiation dosimetry phosphors using thermoluminescence techniques. He has 18 granted patents, more than 705 research papers in Scopus, and several books. Consecutively in the years 2020 and 2021, Dr. Dhoble stands among the “Top 2% Scientists in the World” in the list published by US’ Stanford University. He is a recipient of several Research Awards.
Affiliations and Expertise
Professor, Department of Physics, R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur, India
Dr. Vibha Chopra is an Assistant Professor at DAV College, affiliated to Guru Nanak Dev University (GNDU) Amritsar, India. She has 10 years of teaching experience and 12 years of research experience. She completed her PhD in the topic “Dosimetric aspects of boron based nanocrystalline thermoluminescent phosphors”. Her areas of research interest are: Preparation and characterization of thermoluminescence radiation dosimetry phosphors, Growth and study of defects in crystalline and microcrystalline solids and Development of devices for measuring luminescence. She is a Life member of Indian Association of nuclear chemists and allied scientists (IANCAS), Luminescence society of India (LSI) and Punjab Academy of Sciences. Dr. Chopra has published 18 papers in international journals of high-repute and 09 papers in national journals. She has 05 papers communicated in
international journals. She has presented 32 papers in international and national Conferences. She has published 04 chapters in edited books: published by Nova Science Publisher Inc., New York, Pan Stanford Publishing Pte Ltd., Singapore and Elsevier publications. She has published 01 edited book on “Spectroscopy of Lanthanide doped oxide materials” by Woodhead publishing Elsevier USA. She has published 01 Patent entitled, “Automatic microcontroller based ice defrosting instrument” by Govt of India. She has delivered 04 invited talks in national and international conferences. She has 03 PhD students working under her able guidance. She has Received Young Scientist Award in Physics, for the contribution and achievement in the field of Physics, presented by Venus International Foundation at Chennai, Tamil Nadu, Research Excellence Award and Best Poster Presentation Award at National Conference on Contemporary advancements and innovations in Science and Technology at Sant Baba Bhag Singh University, Jalandhar. She successfully completed Training course on ‘Safety Aspects in the Research Application of Ionizing Radiation and was deputed as RADIATION SAFETY OFFICER for DAV College Amritsar. Dr. Chopra is a reviewer of Luminescence: The Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence, John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Publication (Impact Factor: 1.69).
Affiliations and Expertise
Assistant Professor, P.G. Department of Physics, DAV College, Amritsar, Punjab, India
Dr.Vinit Nayar is presently working as an Associate Professor in the Department of Physics, C.M.D P.G. College affiliated to Atal Bihari Vajpayee University, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India. He is teaching various courses in U.G and P.G. level. He obtained his Ph.D degree on the “Particle size optimisation of lyoluminescence intensity of microcrystalline powders of alkali halides” at the G.G.U University, Bilaspur, India under the able guidance of Late Prof. B. P. Chandra, a pioneer in the studies of mechanoluminescence of phosphors. The research centre at the college developed into a nodal centre for research in luminescence under his supervision. He also carried out a project on optical wave guide action in sol-gel produced silica films.
He is working on synthesis, characterization of luminescent materials for application in solid state lighting. Dr. Nayar has published more than 50 research publications in peer reviewed journals of international and national repute. He has presented papers in more than 40 international/ national conferences. Two students have successfully completed their PhD under his able guidance. He has been actively involved in developing new mechanoluminescent borate and phosphate based materials for use in stress based sensors, working in collaborative projects funded by the national agency. In the interdisciplinary field, he has also contributed in the adsorption studies of various low cost adsorbents.
Affiliations and Expertise
Associate Professor, Department of Physics, C.M.D P.G. College, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India
George Kitis, is a Professor, Nuclear Physics and Elementary Particle Physics Department, School of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. He completed his PhD in “Contribution to Thermoluminescence and regenerated thermoluminescence as a function of irradiation temperature from Aristotle University of Thesaloniki in1988. He has more than 300 research publications in international peer reviewed journals, more than 5288 cited author references, h-index of 35, i10 index of 123 on Google scholar. He has authored a book: Numerical and practical exercises in Thermoluminescence, Springer, 2006. His research areas are Theoretical and simulation studies on the basic mechanism of Thermoluminescence (TL), optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL); Kinetic and dosimetric characterization of new materials for use as radiation dosimeters; Investigation of new single peak models for all stimulated luminescence modes; Investigation towards the generalization of computerized curve deconvolution analysis for all stimulated luminescence modes; Neutron dosimeter; Research on TL and OSL dating and authentication of ancient ceramics and artefacts; Kinetic and dosimetric characterization of natural materials for use in geochronology and retrospective dosimetry; Post sterilization dosimetry of irradiation sterilized foods and drugs; Correlation between the various stimulated luminescence modes; Simulation studies on TL, OSL and IRSL effects.
Prof Kitis has supervised and co-supervised more than 100 graduate students diploma works. A great part of them was original work published in peer review journals. 7 students finished PhDs under his supervision and 4 are in progress. He is a Member of the editorial board of Nuclear Instrument Methods Section B, Reviewer in high rate international journals: Applied Radiation and Isotopes, Journal of Luminescence, Nuclear Instrument Methods Section A, Nuclear Instrument Methods Section B, Physica Status Solidi (a), Radiation Measurements and a lower rate international journals: J. Physics D: Applied Physics, Journal of Material Science, Acta physisca Polonica, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Mediteranean Archaeolοgy and Archaeometry, Radiation effects and defects in Solids, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Physica B, The Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence, IEEE on nuclear science, Optical Society of America OSA, Modern Physics Letters (MPLB), Phase Transition, taylor and francis, Journal of Taiban University for Science, Radiation Protection Dosimetry)
Affiliations and Expertise
Professor, Nuclear Physics and Elementary Particle Physics Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124, Thessaloniki, Greece
Dirk Poelman is a full professor at Ghent University since 2012, where he is leading the research group Lumilab (http://lumilab.ugent.be/). He studied Physics and obtained his PhD on rare earth doped sulfide electroluminescent thin films at Ghent University (Belgium). He is author of 215 international (A1) publications in the Web of Science (h-index 41), editor of 5 books, author of 3 chapters in books, has over 150 contributions to international conferences (including more than 25 invited talks) and has (co)organized numerous conferences, such as EL2002 (Int. Conf. on Electroluminescence), ICTF14 (Int. Conf. on Thin Films) and "Phosphoros", the first international conference on persistent luminescence in 2011. In 2022, he will be the chair for the ICOOPMA2022 conference in Ghent. In addition, he is member of the international advisory committee or organizing committee of numerous conferences: IDW (International Display Workshops), ICOOPMA (Int. Conf. on Optical, Optoelectronic and Photonic Materials and Applications), CIMTEC, LUMIDOZ, Sol-Gel 2017, ISIEM2018.
Dirk Poelman has experience in different fields of Solid State Physics research, including thin film deposition and optical characterization, photo-, electro- and cathodoluminescent materials, structural and electrical defects in semiconductors, photocatalysis for air purification, X-ray analytical techniques and human vision. His current research is focused on inorganic phosphors for white LEDs and displays and persistent luminescent materials for safety illumination and medical imaging. He is promoter-spokesperson of the concerted research action “Combining plasma treatment and (photo)catalysis towards an energy-efficient technology for abatement of polluted air (COP-CAT)” at UGent. He is member (and former president) of the Belgian National Committee for Crystallography, promoter of DUBBLE (the Dutch-Belgian beam line at the ESRF synchrotron, Grenoble), board member of the scientific and technical research center diamond (WTOCD) and holds several administrative functions at the University. He is an editor for multiple sections of the international open access journal Materials (I.F. = 2.972) and main editor of the Journal of Luminescence (I.F. = 2.961). Dirk Poelman teaches numerous courses at Ghent University, both on the bachelor and master level.
Affiliations and Expertise
Professor, Lumilab, Department of Solid State Sciences, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
Hendrik C Swart is an internationally acclaimed researcher and currently a senior professor in the Department of Physics at the University of the Free State. He has more than 700 publications in international peer reviewed journals, 112 peer reviewed conference proceedings and editor/author or co-editor/author of 25 book chapters and or books with more than 12800 cited author references, and more than 660 national and international conference contributions (authored and co-authored). A research chair in Solid State Luminescent and Advanced Materials was awarded to him from the South African Research Chairs Initiative (SARChI) at the end of 2012, which was renewed for another 5 years at the end of 2017. The main focus of his research group is the improvement of luminescent materials for applications in flat panel displays, solar cells, solid state lighting, dosimetry, and thermometry.
Affiliations and Expertise
Senior Professor, Department of Physics, University of Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa