Quantum Optics with Semiconductor Nanostructures - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780857092328, 9780857096395

Quantum Optics with Semiconductor Nanostructures

1st Edition

Editors: Frank Jahnke
eBook ISBN: 9780857096395
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857092328
Paperback ISBN: 9780081016442
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 16th July 2012
Page Count: 602
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Table of Contents

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Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials


Part I: Single quantum dot systems

Chapter 1: Resonance fluorescence emission from single semiconductor quantum dots coupled to high-quality microcavities


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Emitter state preparation in single semiconductor quantum dots: role of dephasing

1.3 Resonance fluorescence from a single semiconductor quantum dot

1.4 Dephasing of Mollow triplet sideband emission from a quantum dot in a microcavity

1.5 The phenomenon of non-resonant quantum dot-cavity coupling

1.6 Conclusion

1.7 Acknowledgments

Chapter 2: Quantum optics with single quantum dots in photonic crystal cavities


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Integrated, solid-state quantum optics platform: InAs quantum dots (QDs) and photonic crystal nanocavities

2.3 Photon blockade and photon-assisted tunneling

2.4 Fast, electrical control of a single quantum dot-cavity system

2.5 Phonon-mediated off-resonant interaction in a quantum dot-cavity system

2.6 Quantum photonic interfaces between InAs quantum dots and telecom wavelengths

2.7 Future trends and conclusions

2.8 Acknowledgments

Chapter 3: Modeling single quantum dots in microcavities


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Building blocks of the coupled microcavity-quantum dot system

3.3 Theoretical description of the single-quantum dot–microcavity system

3.4 Numerical methods and characteristic quantities

3.5 Competing electronic configurations and input/output characteristics of a single-quantum dot laser

3.6 Sources of dephasing and spectral linewidths

3.7 Analogy to the two-level system

3.8 Conclusions

Part II: Nanolasers with quantum dot emitters

Chapter 4: Highly efficient quantum dot micropillar lasers


4.1 Introduction

4.2 Theoretical description of high-β microlasers

4.3 Fabrication of quantum dot (QD) micropillar lasers

4.4 Optical characterization and pre-selection of QD micropillars for lasing studies

4.5 Lasing in optically pumped QD micropillar lasers

4.6 Lasing in electrically pumped QD micropillar lasers

4.7 Future trends and conclusions

4.8 Acknowledgments

Chapter 5: Photon correlations in semiconductor nanostructures


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Theoretical description of light-matter coupling

5.3 Photon statistics

5.4 Experimental approaches to photon correlation measurements

5.5 Correlation measurements on semiconductor nanostructures

5.6 Future trends and conclusions

Chapter 6: Emission properties of photonic crystal nanolasers


6.1 Introduction

6.2 Design of photonic crystal (PC) nanocavities

6.3 Optical emission properties of quantum dots (QDs) in PC nanocavities

6.4 Signatures of lasing in PC nanolasers

6.5 Detuning experiments: the quest for the gain mechanism

6.6 Conclusions

6.7 Acknowledgments

Chapter 7: Deformed wavelength-scale microdisk lasers with quantum dot emitters


7 1 Introduction

7.2 Ray-wave correspondence in microdisk cavities

7.3 Modified ray-wave correspondence in wavelength-scale cavities

7.4 Wavelength-scale asymmetric resonant microcavity lasers

7.5 Conclusions

7.6 Acknowledgment

Part III: Light-matter interaction in semiconductor nanostructures

Chapter 8: Photon statistics and entanglement in phonon-assisted quantum light emission from semiconductor quantum dots


8.1 Introduction

8.2 Incoherently driven emission: phonon-assisted single quantum dot luminescence

8.3 Entanglement analysis of a quantum dot biexciton cascade

8.4 Coherently driven emission

8.5 Equations of motion

8.6 Emission dynamics

8.7 Emission from strongly coupled quantum dot cavity quantum electrodynamics

8.8 Phonon-assisted polariton signatures

8.9 Phonon-enhanced antibunching

8.10 Conclusions

Chapter 9: Luminescence spectra of quantum dots in microcavities


9.1 Introduction

9.2 The Jaynes–Cummings model

9.3 Luminescence spectra

9.4 Experimental implementations and observations

9.5 Luminescence spectra in the nonlinear regime

9.6 Effects of pure dephasing

9.7 Lasing

9.8 Conclusions and future trends

9.9 Acknowledgements

Chapter 10: Photoluminescence from a quantum dot-cavity system


10.1 Introduction: solid-state cavity quantum electrodynamics (CQED) systems with quantum dots (QDs)

10.2 Cavity feeding: influence of multiexcitonic states at large detuning

10.3 Model for a QD-cavity system

10.4 Radiative processes revisited

10.5 Cavity feeding: Monte Carlo model

10.6 Cavity feeding: influence of acoustic phonons at small detuning

10.7 Conclusions

10.8 Acknowledgements

Chapter 11: Quantum optics with quantum-dot and quantum-well systems


11.1 Introduction

11.2 Quantum-optical correlations

11.3 Quantum emission of strong-coupling quantum dots

11.4 Quantum-optical spectroscopy

11.5 Future trends and conclusions

Part IV: Semiconductor cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED)

Chapter 12: All-solid-state quantum optics employing quantum dots in photonic crystals


12.1 Introduction

12.2 Light-matter interaction in photonic crystals

12.3 Disordered photonic crystal waveguides

12.4 Cavity quantum electrodynamics in disordered photonic crystal waveguides

12.5 Future trends and conclusions

12.6 Acknowledgments

Chapter 13: One-dimensional photonic crystal nanobeam cavities


13.1 Introduction

13.2 Design, fabrication and computation

13.3 Passive photonic crystal cavity measurement technique

13.4 Atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique and history

13.5 Experimental results of ALD coated photonic crystal nanobeam cavities

13.6 Conclusions

13.7 Future trends

13.8 Acknowledgments

Chapter 14: Growth of II–VI and III-nitride quantum-dot microcavity systems


14.1 Introduction

14.2 Growth of II–VI quantum dots: CdSe and CdTe

14.3 II–VI Bragg reflectors lattice matched to GaAs and ZnTe

14.4 Microcavities containing CdSe or CdTe quantum dots

14.5 Formation of InGaN quantum dots

14.6 Nitride-based Bragg reflectors

14.7 Microcavities containing InGaN quantum dots

14.8 Preparation of micropillars employing focused ion beam etching

14.9 Conclusions

Part V: Ultrafast phenomena

Chapter 15: Femtosecond quantum optics with semiconductor nanostructures


15.1 Introduction

15.2 Few-fermion dynamics and single-photon gain in a semiconductor quantum dot

15.3 Nanophotonic structures for increased light-matter interaction

15.4 Ultrastrong light-matter coupling and sub-cycle switching: towards non-adiabatic quantum electrodynamics

15.5 Ultrabroadband terahertz technology – watching light oscillate

15.6 Intersubband-cavity polaritons – non-adiabatic switching of ultrastrong coupling

Chapter 16: Coherent optoelectronics with quantum dots


16.1 Introduction

16.2 Single quantum dot photodiodes

16.3 Exciton qubits in photodiodes

16.4 Coherent manipulation of the exciton

16.5 Ramsey fringes: control of the qubit phase

16.6 Coherent control by optoelectronic manipulation

16.7 Future trends and conclusions

16.8 Acknowledgements



An understanding of the interaction between light and matter on a quantum level is of fundamental interest and has many applications in optical technologies. The quantum nature of the interaction has recently attracted great attention for applications of semiconductor nanostructures in quantum information processing. Quantum optics with semiconductor nanostructures is a key guide to the theory, experimental realisation, and future potential of semiconductor nanostructures in the exploration of quantum optics.

Part one provides a comprehensive overview of single quantum dot systems, beginning with a look at resonance fluorescence emission. Quantum optics with single quantum dots in photonic crystal and micro cavities are explored in detail, before part two goes on to review nanolasers with quantum dot emitters. Light-matter interaction in semiconductor nanostructures, including photon statistics and photoluminescence, is the focus of part three, whilst part four explores all-solid-state quantum optics, crystal nanobeam cavities and quantum-dot microcavity systems. Finally, part five investigates ultrafast phenomena, including femtosecond quantum optics and coherent optoelectronics with quantum dots.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Quantum optics with semiconductor nanostructures is an essential guide for all those involved with the research, development, manufacture and use of semiconductors nanodevices, lasers and optical components, as well as scientists, researchers and students.

Key Features

  • A key guide to the theory, experimental realisation, and future potential of semiconductor nanostructures in the exploration of quantum optics
  • Chapters provide a comprehensive overview of single quantum dot systems, nanolasers with quantum dot emitters, and light-matter interaction in semiconductor nanostructures
  • Explores all-solid-state quantum optics, crystal nanobeam cavities and quantum-dot microcavity systems, and investigates ultrafast phenomena


Research and Development managers in IT companies; Semiconductor and computer hardware manufacturers; Manufacturers of lasters and optical components; Scientists, researchers and students


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About the Editors

Frank Jahnke Editor

Frank Jahnke is Professor at the Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Bremen, Germany, and is internationally known for his research on semiconductor quantum optics.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Bremen, Germany