Quantum Information Processing and Quantum Error Correction - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123854919, 9780123854926

Quantum Information Processing and Quantum Error Correction

1st Edition

An Engineering Approach

Authors: Ivan Djordjevic
eBook ISBN: 9780123854926
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123854919
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 16th April 2012
Page Count: 600
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Quantum Information Processing and Quantum Error Correction is a self-contained, tutorial-based introduction to quantum information, quantum computation, and quantum error-correction. Assuming no knowledge of quantum mechanics and written at an intuitive level suitable for the engineer, the book gives all the essential principles needed to design and implement quantum electronic and photonic circuits. Numerous examples from a wide area of application are given to show how the principles can be implemented in practice.

This book is ideal for the electronics, photonics and computer engineer who requires an easy- to-understand foundation on the principles of quantum information processing and quantum error correction, together with insight into how to develop quantum electronic and photonic circuits.

Readers of this book will be ready for further study in this area, and will be prepared to perform independent research. The reader completed the book will be able design the information processing circuits, stabilizer codes, Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) codes, subsystem codes, topological codes and entanglement-assisted quantum error correction codes; and propose corresponding physical implementation. The reader completed the book will be proficient in quantum fault-tolerant design as well.

Unique Features

  • Unique in covering both quantum information processing and quantum error correction – everything in one book that an engineer needs to understand and implement quantum-level circuits.

  • Gives an intuitive understanding by not assuming knowledge of quantum mechanics, thereby avoiding heavy mathematics.

  • In-depth coverage of the design and implementation of quantum information processing and quantum error correction circuits.

  • Provides the right balance among the quantum mechanics, quantu

Key Features

  • Provides everything an engineer needs in one tutorial-based introduction to understand and implement quantum-level circuits
  • Avoids the heavy use of mathematics by not assuming the previous knowledge of quantum mechanics
  • Provides in-depth coverage of the design and implementation of quantum information processing and quantum error correction circuits



Communications engineers, computer engineers, electronic systems engineers and graduate engineers taking either a course in quantum information engineering or quantum error correcting coding

Table of Contents



About the Author

Chapter 1. Introduction

1.1 Photon Polarization

1.2 The Concept of the Qubit

1.3 Spin-1/2 Systems

1.4 Quantum Gates and Quantum Information Processing

1.5 Quantum Teleportation

1.6 Quantum Error Correction Concepts

1.7 Quantum Key Distribution (QKD)

1.8 Organization of the Book


Chapter 2. Quantum Mechanics Fundamentals

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Eigenkets as Base Kets

2.3 Matrix Representations

2.4 Quantum Measurements, Commutators, and Pauli Operators

2.5 Uncertainty Principle

2.6 Density Operators

2.7 Change of Basis

2.8 Time Evolution – Schrödinger Equation

2.9 Harmonic Oscillator

2.10 Angular Momentum

2.11 Spin-1/2 Systems

2.12 Hydrogen-Like Atoms and Beyond

2.13 Summary

2.14 Problems


Chapter 3. Quantum Circuits and Quantum Information Processing Fundamentals

3.1 Single-Qubit Operations

3.2 Two-Qubit Operations

3.3 Generalization to N-Qubit Gates and Quantum Computation Fundamentals

3.4 Qubit Measurement (Revisited)

3.5 Universal Quantum Gates

3.6 Quantum Teleportation

3.7 Summary

3.8 Problems


Chapter 4. Introduction to Quantum Information Processing

4.1 Superposition Principle and Quantum Parallelism

4.2 No-Cloning Theorem

4.3 Distinguishing Quantum States

4.4 Quantum Entanglement

4.5 Operator-Sum Representation

4.6 Decoherence and Quantum Errors

4.7 Conclusion

4.8 Problems


Chapter 5. Quantum Algorithms

5.1 Quantum Parallelism (Revisited)

5.2 Deutsch and Deutsch–Jozsa Algorithms

5.3 Grover Search Algorithm

5.4 Quantum Fourier Transform

5.5 The Period of a Function and Shor Factoring Algorithm

5.6 Simon’s Algorithm

5.7 Classical/Quantum Computing Complexities and Turing Machines

5.8 Summary

5.9 Problems


Chapter 6. Classical Error Correcting Codes

6.1 Channel Coding Preliminaries

6.2 Linear Block Codes

6.3 Cyclic Codes

6.4 Bose–Chaudhuri–Hocquenghem (BCH) Codes

6.5 Reed–Solomon (RS) Codes, Concatenated Codes, and Product Codes

6.6 Concluding Remarks

6.7 Problems


Chapter 7. Quantum Error Correction

7.1 Pauli Operators (Revisited)

7.2 Quantum Error Correction Concepts

7.3 Quantum Error Correction

7.4 Important Quantum Coding Bounds

7.5 Quantum Operations (Superoperators) and Quantum Channel Models

7.6 Summary

7.7 Problems


Chapter 8. Quantum Stabilizer Codes and Beyond

8.1 Stabilizer Codes

8.2 Encoded Operators

8.3 Finite Geometry Interpretation

8.4 Standard Form of Stabilizer Codes

8.5 Efficient Encoding and Decoding

8.6 Nonbinary Stabilizer Codes

8.7 Subsystem Codes

8.8 Entanglement-Assisted (EA) Quantum Codes

8.9 Topological Codes

8.10 Summary

8.11 Problems


Chapter 9. Entanglement-Assisted Quantum Error Correction

9.1 Entanglement-Assisted Quantum Error Correction Principles

9.2 Entanglement-Assisted Canonical Quantum Codes

9.3 General Entanglement-Assisted Quantum Codes

9.4 Encoding and Decoding for Entanglement-Assisted Quantum Codes

9.5 Operator Quantum Error Correction Codes (Subsystem Codes)

9.6 Entanglement-Assisted Operator Quantum Error Correction Coding (EA-OQECC)

9.7 Summary

9.8 Problems


Chapter 10. Quantum Low-Density Parity-Check Codes

10.1 Classical LDPC Codes

10.2 Dual-Containing Quantum LDPC Codes

10.3 Entanglement-Assisted Quantum LDPC Codes

10.4 Iterative Decoding of Quantum LDPC Codes

10.5 Summary

10.6 Problems


Chapter 11. Fault-Tolerant Quantum Error Correction and Fault-Tolerant Quantum Computing

11.1 Fault Tolerance Basics

11.2 Fault-Tolerant Quantum Computation Concepts

11.3 Fault-Tolerant Quantum Error Correction

11.4 Fault-Tolerant Quantum Computation

11.5 Accuracy Threshold Theorem

11.6 Summary

11.7 Problems


Chapter 12. Quantum Information Theory

12.1 Entropy

12.2 Holevo Information, Accessible Information, and Holevo Bound

12.3 Data Compression

12.4 Holevo–Schumacher–Westmoreland (HSW) Theorem

12.5 Conclusion

12.6 Problems


Chapter 13. Physical Implementations of Quantum Information Processing

13.1 Physical Implementation Basics

13.2 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) in Quantum Information Processing

13.3 Trapped Ions in Quantum Information Processing

13.4 Photonic Quantum Implementations

13.5 Photonic Implementation of Quantum Relay

13.6 Implementation of Quantum Encoders and Decoders

13.7 Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics (CQED)-Based Quantum Information Processing

13.8 Quantum Dots in Quantum Information Processing

13.9 Summary

13.10 Problems


Abstract Algebra Fundamentals

A.1 Groups

A.2 Group Acting on the Set

A.3 Group Mapping

A.4 Fields

A.5 Vector Spaces

A.6 Character Theory

A.7 Algebra of Finite Fields

A.8 Metric Spaces

A.9 Hilbert Space



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About the Author

Ivan Djordjevic

Dr. Djordjevic is an Associate Professor (as of July 2012) in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering of College of Engineering, with a joint appointment in the College of Optical Sciences. Prior to this appointment, he was with University of Arizona, Tucson, USA (as an Assistant Professor and a Research Assistant Professor); University of the West of England, Bristol, UK; University of Bristol, Bristol, UK; Tyco Telecommunications, Eatontown, USA; National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece; and State Telecommunication Company Telecom Serbia, Nis, Serbia. His current research interests include optical networks, error control coding, constrained coding, coded modulation, turbo equalization, OFDM applications, and quantum error correction. He presently directs the Optical Communications Systems Laboratory (OCSL) within the ECE Department at the University of Arizona.

Dr. Djordjevic is an author/co-author of three books: (i) Quantum Information Processing and Quantum Error Correction: An Engineering Approach, Elsevier/Academic Press, Mar. 2012; (ii) Coding for Optical Channels, Springer, Mar. 2010; and (iii) OFDM for Optical Communications, Elsevier/Academic Press, Oct. 2009. Dr. Djordjevic is also an author of almost 140 international journal publications and over 160 international conference papers. Dr. Djordjevic serves as an Associate Editor for Frequenz and as an Associate Editor for International Journal of Optics. Dr. Djordjevic is an IEEE Senior Member and an OSA Member.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson.

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