Description

Just as in the pervious five symposia, the aim of this symposium was to link the recent advances in technology with fundamental problems in quantum mechanics. It provided a unique interdisciplinary forum where scientists with different backgrounds were given the opportunity to discuss basic problems of common interest in quantum science and technology from various aspects. This included not only an examination of the topic in terms of quantum optics and mesoscopic physics, but also in terms of the physics of precise measurement, macroscopic quantum phenomena, complex systems, and other fundamental problems in quantum physics. Two new important fields were also dealt with - the field of quantum computing, including quantum teleportation, quantum information, and cryptography, and the field of laser cooling, including Bose-Einstein condensation and atom interferometry.
The resulting proceedings will be welcomed both as a good introductory book on quantum coherence and decoherence by newcomers to the field and as a reference book for experts in this dynamic area.

Table of Contents

Preface. Opening address (H. Fukuyama). Welcome address (K. Miyauchi). Quantum Computing, Quantum Teleportation, and Entanglement. Decoherence and recoherence in quantum computation (D.P. DiVincenzo, A. Ekert). Engineering entanglement between atoms and photons in a cavity: non-locality, Schrödinger cats and decoherence (S. Haroche). Three-and four-photon correlations and entanglement: quantum teleportation and beyond (A. Zeilinger). Quantum manipulations of small Josephson junctions and the measurement process performed with a single-electron transistor (A. Shnirman, Y. Makhlin, G. Schön). Extraction of NMR quantum computation signal with parity gate (M. Kitagawa). Quantum logical diagram of quantum computing evolution (H. Matsuda, D.W. Cohen). A generalized EPR problem and quantum teleportation (A. Motoyoshi et al.). Purification of multi-particle entanglement (M. Murao et al.). Quantum Information and Cryptography. Quantum cryptography and magic protocols (N. Imoto, M. Koashi, K. Shimizu). Quantum entanglement for secret sharing and telesplitting (A. Karlsson et al.). Communication channels secured from hidden eavesdropping via transmission of entangled photon pairs (K. Shimizu, N. Imoto). Quantum communication of bits by the polarization of photons (M. Matsuoka, T. Yamamoto, A. Motoyoshi). Optimal broadcasting of quantum information via teleportation (M. Murao et al.). Semiconductor-based quantum information: noiseless encoding in quantum-dot arrays (P. Zanardi, F. Rossi). Quantum Optics. Quantum information enabled by quantum optics (H.J. Kimble). Manipulation of quantum statistics in mesoscopic experiments (Y. Yamamoto). Extension of nonlocal response theory to Raman process (H. Ajiki, K. Cho). Quantum Maxwell-Bloch equations for spontaneous emission in semiconductor lasers (O. Hess, H.F. Hofmann). Quantum control of atomic systems by time-re

Details

No. of pages:
384
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 1999
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
9780444500915
Electronic ISBN:
9780080929149