Public Expenditures, Taxes, and the Distribution of Income - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125865500, 9781483277608

Public Expenditures, Taxes, and the Distribution of Income

1st Edition

The United States, 1950, 1961, 1970

Authors: Morgan Reynolds Eugene Smolensky
eBook ISBN: 9781483277608
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1977
Page Count: 168
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Description

Public Expenditures, Taxes, and the Distribution of Income: The United States, 1950, 1961, 1970 explores income inequality over time to a more comprehensive than usual definition of income, one that includes the benefits and burdens of government expenditures and taxes at all levels. The book provides a discussion of topics on the impact of income redistribution on the fiscal comparisons of final income distributions; and experimental results involving artificial government budgets. The book will be interesting to economists.

Table of Contents


Contents

List of Contributors

Preface

I Fertility

1 Some Problems of Fertility Research

Behavioral Data

Motivational Data

Normative Data

2 The Pervasiveness of Postwar Fertility Trends in the United States

Data

Fertility Trends

The Rural Exception

Marriage Trends

Trends in the Timing of Fertility

Persistence of Cross-Sectional Fertility Differentials

Summary and Conclusion

References

3 Age and the Sociology of Fertility: How Old Is Too Old?

The Sociological Component of the Age Effect on Fertility

Methodological Concerns

Age and the Termination of Childbearing

Age at First Marriage

Age at Second Marriage

Conclusion

References

4 Couples' Decision-Making Processes Regarding Fertility

Demography's Implicit Recognition of Motivational Influences

Social-Psychological Approaches to Fertility Decision Making

A Social-Psychological Model of Couples' Fertility

Decision-Making Processes

Individual Preferences Regarding Children

Relative Power and Joint Decision Making of Couples

Conclusion

References

5 Spatial Aspects of Population: An Overview

Density

Urban Expansion

Population Redistribution

References

6 Overcrowding, Isolation, and Human Behavior: Exploring the Extremes in Population Distribution

Animal Studies of Overcrowding and Isolation

Determinants of Variations in Urban Population Densities

Ecological Studies of Overcrowding and Isolation

Human Populations

Surveys on Overcrowding, Isolation, and Human Behavior m Concluding Remarks

References

7 The Organizational Components of Expanding Metropolitan Systems

The Theory of Ecological Expansion

Methodology

Findings for U. S. Metropolitan Systems, 1960 to 1970

Discussion

References

II Spatial Distribution

8 The New Pattern of Nonmetropolitan Population Change

Data and Procedures

Growth and Type of Residence

A Subregional Comparison

Some County Characteristics Associated with Growth

Conclusion

References

III Social Mobility

9 Mobility and Stratification: An Overview

Social Demography and Social Stratification: Definitions and Relationship

Comparative Social Stratification

Mortality as a Determinant of Social Mobility

The Organization as a Context for Mobility

Purposive Action in Social Mobility Models

Continuous-Time Markov Models

References

10 Changes in the Socioeconomic Stratification of the Races

Data

Intercohort Shifts in Occupational Socioeconomic Status

Intercohort Changes in Socioeconomic Background and Education

Processes of Socioeconomic Allocation in 1962 and 1973

Sources of Change in Socioeconomic Status

Summary, Interpretations, and Speculations

References

11 Statistical Histories of the Life Cycle of Birth Cohorts: The Transition from Schoolboy to Adult Male

Conceptual Background

Overview and Justification of the Project

References

12 Some Methodological Issues in the Analysis of Longitudinal Surveys

Movers and Stayers—A Review

Other Explanations of High Diagonals

Parsimonious Models and Fragmentary Data

Embeddability and Identification

Strategies for Discrimination among Competing Models

Conclusions

References

IV Emerging Issues

13 The Next Fifteen Years in Demographic Analysis

Trends in Demographers' Analyses

Future Developments in Demographic Analysis

References

14 Organization of Demographic Research: Problems of the Next Decade

Trends in the Availability of Data

Trends in the Availability of Technology

Trends in the Place of Demography in the Social Sciences

Trends in the Demand for Demographic Knowledge

Implications for the Organization of Research

References

Index


Details

No. of pages:
168
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1977
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483277608

About the Author

Morgan Reynolds

Eugene Smolensky

Ratings and Reviews