Public Cleansing - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080104997, 9781483180687

Public Cleansing

1st Edition

Refuse Disposal

Authors: F. L. Stirrup
Editors: J. R. D. Francis
eBook ISBN: 9781483180687
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1965
Page Count: 156
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Description

Public Cleansing: Refuse Disposal focuses on the disposal of refuse, as it is the most complex of the problems affecting authorities responsible for public cleansing activities. This text first analyzes domestic refuse and discusses assessing disposal methods. This book then explains tipping operations, transfer loading stations, and pulverization and grinding. The science of composting, the advantages of incineration, and the methods of salvage and utilization are also tackled. This book concludes by explaining the other disposal systems and the disposal of trade wastes. This publication will be invaluable to authorities and industries primarily concerned with refuse disposal.

Table of Contents


1. Introduction

Aims

Responsibility to Traders

Need for Comparison

Definitions

Need to Analyze Refuse

2. Refuse Composition Seasonal Analysis

Classes of Property

Conversion Formula

Procedure

Records

Characteristics of Materials

Comparative Analysis

Using the Analysis

3. Assessing Disposal Methods

Tabular Assessment

Questions to be Answered

Legal Position

Amenity

Temperature and Climate

Utilization of Materials

Beneficial Usage

4. Controlled Tipping

Precautions to be Observed

Scientific Processes

Bacterial Action

Temperatures

Gases

Breakdown of Metals

Site Selection

Assessment of Site Value

Liverpool's Land Recovery

Area Required

Site Operation

Preparation

Entrance

Buildings

Stripping Soil

Tip Loads

Culverts and Drains

Plans and Levels

Tipping Operations

Trench Method

Bay Method

Layers of Tipping

Setting Out

Bulky Matter

Alternate Bays

Litter Prevention

Difficult Sites

Covering Material

Deep Valleys

Waterlogged Areas

Tipping in water

Plant and Equipment

Evaluating Plant Performance

Costs

Pests

Rodents

Flies, etc.

Future Use

Screened Dust as Final Cover

Load Bearing

5. Transfer Loading Stations

Simple Transfer Stations

Conversion of Old Works

Purpose Built

Types of Transport

Vehicle Compaction Values

Reduction of Bulk

Static Compaction

M.P.L. System

Rail and Water Transport

London's River Depot

6. Pulverization and Grinding

The Pulverizer

Wear

Nature of Pulverized Refuse

Effect on Light Material

The Volund Pulverizer

The Gondard Pulverizer

The Novorotor Grinder

Application to Rail and Water Transport

Effect of Ground Material in Tips

British Jeffrey-Diamond Plant and Experiments

Grinding

The Home Grinder

7. Composting

History and Consideration

Use of Sewage Sludge

Natural Manure

Formation of Compost

Indore Process

Dumfries System

Jersey System

Dano Process

Beccari Process

Verdier Process

"Biotank Process"

Inoculants

Prat System

Bristol System

"V.A.M." Refuse Disposal

General Observations

8. Incineration

Advantages and Disadvantages

Analysis of Refuse

Computing Capacity

Site Selection

Site Geology

Basic Incineration Unit

Mechanical Aids

Separation and Incineration

Dust Extraction

Methods of Incineration

Heenan & Froude Continental Plant

Volund Furnace

De Roll Furnace

Nichols Perfection Grate

Nichols Fuller Reciprocating Grate

Construction and Materials

Steam Raising and Power Production

Waste Heat

9. Salvage and Utilization

Waste Paper

Continuous Baler

Swivel Box Baler

Single or Twin Ram Fixed Box Press

Twin Ram Movable Boxes

Storage and Loading

Ferrous Metals

Non-ferrous Metals

Textiles

Glass

BonesRubber

Food Waste as Feeding Stuff

By-products from Animal Wastes

Fuel from Refuse Briquettes

10. Other Disposal Systems and the Disposal of Trade Wastes

The Garchey System

The Matthew-Hall Garchey System

Reduction of Volume during Collection

Domestic Incineration

Disposal of Trade and Industrial Wastes

Details

No. of pages:
156
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1965
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483180687

About the Author

F. L. Stirrup

About the Editor

J. R. D. Francis