Psychology

Psychology

Theoretical–Historical Perspectives

1st Edition - January 28, 1980

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  • Editors: R. W. Rieber, Kurt Salzinger
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483268453

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Description

Psychology: Theoretical-Historical Perspectives offers analysis, provided by different contributors, of the theoretical traditions in psychology. The compilation provides articles that discuss topics on the influences in the development of American psychology; the development of the concept of the self in psychology; the groundwork for psychology before the Civil War; and the influence of Darwin's evolutionary theories on psychology. Psychologists and students will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents


  • Contents

    List of Contributors

    Preface

    An Overview of the Theories and History of Psychology

    Part I Psychology Becomes a Science: European and Nineteenth Century Influences

    1 Vicissitudes of Fechnerian Psychophysics in America

    Quantitative Psychology

    Early Critics of Psychophysics

    Psychophysics Adapts to New Trends

    The Nature of the Psychophysical Law

    Recent Developments

    Conclusions

    References

    Recommended Readings

    2 Wilhelm Wundt and Early American Psychology: A Clash of Cultures

    Historiography

    Wundt's Psychology

    The Leibnizian versus the Lockean Tradition

    The American Temper

    The Clash of Cultures

    References

    Recommended Readings

    3 Francis Galton and American Psychology

    4 William James and Gordon Allport: Parallels in Their Maturing Conceptions of Self and Personality

    The Ambivalent Legacy of William James

    Gordon Allport's Reconstruction of James's Legacy

    Conclusion

    Reference Notes

    References

    Recommended Readings

    5 Psychology and the History of the Self: From Substance to Function

    The Cartesian Heritage

    The Critique of the Soul

    The Kantian Transcendental Ego

    The Reaction of Positivist Psychology to Kant

    The Organic Metaphor

    The Functional Ego

    The Return of the Repressed

    Conclusion

    References

    Recommended Readings

    Part II Socioeconomic and Political Factors in the Development of Psychology

    6 The Americanization of Psychology before William James

    Upham's System of a Sound and Disordered Mind

    Upham's Competitors

    Conclusion

    References

    Recommended Readings

    7 Politics and American Psychology

    Behaviorism and Humanistic Psychology

    Conclusion

    References

    Recommended Readings

    8 Darwin on Psychology and Its Relation to Evolutionary Thought

    Psychology and Evolutionary Thought

    The Metaphorical Structure of Darwin's Argument

    Determinism in Psychology

    Alternatives to Simplistic Determinism

    References

    Recommended Readings

    Part III Psychological Systems: Past, Present, and Future

    9 The Influence of Gestalt Psychology in America

    Misunderstanding of Gestalt Psychology

    Some Contributions of Gestalt Psychology

    Promising Contemporary Developments

    The Crisis of Science

    Summary

    References

    Recommended Readings

    10 The Experimental Analysis of Operant Behavior: A History

    Verbal Behavior

    The Nervous System

    Psychopharmacology

    Ethology

    A Theory of Knowledge

    Designing a Culture

    References

    Recommended Readings

    11 The Historical Antecedents of Contemporary Behaviorism

    Historical Antecedents of Contemporary Behaviorism within Philosophy

    Historical Antecedents of Contemporary Behaviorism within Science

    Some Comments on the History of Professional Behaviorism

    Conclusion

    References

    Recommended Readings

    12 The Assimilation of Psychoanalysis in America

    Origins and Groundwork

    The Americanization Process (1910-1940)

    The New Freudian Ego Psychology in America (1940 to present)

    Conclusion

    References

    Recommended Readings

    13 In Tribute to Piaget: A Look at His Scientific Impact in the United States

    Operational Theory and the Mainstream of American Experimental Psychology

    Operational Theory, Clinical Psychology, and Education

    Operational Theory and Epistemology

    Theory of Knowledge and Biology

    References

    14 Genetic Epistemology and Developmental Psychology

    Early Works and Influences

    Sensorimotor Development

    From Sensorimotor Intelligence to the Operations of Thought

    Causality

    Reflexive Abstraction and Constructive Generalization

    Equilibration

    Contradiction

    Epistemology

    References

    15 Some Recent Research and Its Link with a New Theory of Groupings and Conservations Based on Commutability

    New Formulations Regarding the Structure of Groupings and Conservations

    Classifications

    References

    Recommended Readings

    16 Sitzfleisch, the Zeitgeist, and the Hindsightgeist

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Epilogue

Product details

  • No. of pages: 382
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: January 28, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483268453

About the Editors

R. W. Rieber

Kurt Salzinger

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