Psychology of the Americas - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080263113, 9781483153322

Psychology of the Americas

1st Edition

Mestizo Perspectives on Personality and Mental Health

Authors: Manuel Ramirez
Editors: Arnold P. Goldstein
eBook ISBN: 9781483153322
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1983
Page Count: 200
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Description

Psychology of the Americas: Mestizo Perspectives on Personality and Mental Health presents the framework for a personality psychology and psychiatry of the Americas. This framework is based on the mestizo world view, a perspective that emerged from sociopolitical events which are unique to the development of many of the nations of the Americas. The word "mestizo" refers to the synthesis of native American and European people, cultures, and life styles.

This book is divided into nine chapters and starts with a discussion of the concepts and principles of developmental, personality, community, and clinical psychology/psychiatry, which are reflected in the cultures of the indigenous peoples of North and South America, as well as the Caribbean. Considerable chapters offer some models that are based on the paradigms of diversity and synthesis, specifically a values/belief systems-cognitive styles framework based on research that has explored the relationship between traditionalism-modernism and cognitive styles. The specific models focus on individual development of pluralistic identities, the mental health of families coping with acculturation stress, person-environment fit of migrating individuals who are mismatched with institutions and agencies of the community, and on intergroup and international relations in situations of conflict. The remaining chapters deal with the tenets and assumptions of a psychology and psychiatry, including theories and approaches which differ in many respects from the European world view-based personality psychology and psychiatry of the past.

This book is of value to psychologists, psychiatrists, researchers, and students.

Table of Contents


Acknowledgments

Preface

Chapter

1. A Psychology of the Americas

Two Historical Traditions, Two World Views, and Two Perspectives in Personality Psychology and Mental Health

Contrasting European and Mestizo World Views in Psychology and Psychiatry

2. The Cultural and Philosophical Foundations of Mestizo Psychology and Psychiatry

Psychology Reflected in the Cultures of the Indigenous People of North America

Psychology Reflected in the Cultures of the Indigenous People of Central and South America and the Caribbean

The Mestizoization of Peoples and Cultures of the Americas

Philosophical Roots of Mestizo Psychology and Psychiatry

3. Social Science Foundations of a Mestizo Theory of Personality and Psychiatry

Early Anthropological Culture and Personality Research

Psychoanalytically Oriented Works

Recent Psychological Research in Latin America

Research and Development with Hispanics in the United States: The Call for a Mestizo Psychology

4. A Mestizo Theory of Personality Psychology and Psychiatry

General Description of the Theory

Principal Assumptions of the Theory

Stages of Identity Development in Traditional Mestizo Cultures

Problems of Identity Development

Opportunities for Multicultural Development

5. Research Methods and the Mestizo World View

Methodologies and Instruments Reflecting the European World View

European vs. Mestizo World Views and the Emic-Etic Controversy in Cross-Cultural Psychology

Research Methodologies and Instruments Inspired by the Mestizo World View

Assessing the Degree to Which Methodology of Research and Intervention Projects Is Consonant with the Mestizo World View

6. Coping with Diversity in the Americas: The Need to Integrate Mestizo and European Research Approaches and Methodologies

Natural Sciences vs. Phenomenological Approaches to Psychological Research

Diversity and the Americas

Understanding the Psychodynamics of Bicultural/Multicultural People

Life Histories

Leadership in Mixed Ethnic Groups

7. The Mestizo World View and Mental Health in the Americas

Holistic Views of Health and Maladjustment

Good Relations with the Physical and Social Environments

Religion, Spiritualism, and Health: Good Relations with the Supernatural

Curanderos(as), Espiritistas, and Medicine Men: Mediating between the Person and the Supernatural

Models for Understanding and Promoting Mental Health in the Americas

A Neighborhood-Based, Culture-Responsive Model for Bicultural/Multicultural Stress

8. Coping with Change and Improving Intergroup and International Relations in the Americas: Applications of Mestizo Psychology

Change and Adjustment in the Americas

Community Psychology, Intervention, and Primary Prevention in Problems of Adjustment Related to Culture Change

A Values/Belief Systems-Cognitive Styles Model

Intranational and International Conflict in the Americas: Politics and Economics

A Training Program in Interethnic and International Relations

9. Conclusion

The Psychology of the Americas and Megatrends

The Psychology of the Americas and Diversity

The Psychology of the Americas and the Future of the World

Appendix

Name Index

Subject Index

About the Author

Pergamon General Psychology Series Titles

Details

No. of pages:
200
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1983
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483153322

About the Author

Manuel Ramirez

About the Editor

Arnold P. Goldstein