Psychological Development in the Elementary Year

Psychological Development in the Elementary Year

1st Edition - January 28, 1982

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  • Editor: Judith Worell
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220772

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Description

Psychological Development in the Elementary Years is the second in a series of reviews relating current theory and research on psychological development to educational practice. The book discusses the significance and change in psychological sex roles; peer relations; and the development and regulation of aggression in young children. The text also describes the acquisition of self-control; the developmental trends in the learning processes; and the foundations and direction of cognitive development. The theory and research on children's achievement; the family influences on language and cognitive development and the personal and social causation in the school context are also considered. The book further tackles the behavioral perspective of children with learning and behavior problems. Psychologists, psychiatrists, behavioral psychologists, and students taking related courses will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents


  • List of contributors

    Preface

    Part One / Social Interaction Processes

    1 / Psychological Sex Roles: Significance and Change

    Conceptions of Sex Roles

    Issues in the Measurement of Sex Roles

    Acquisition of Children's Sex Roles

    Sex Roles in Educational Settings

    Interventions in Educational Settings

    References

    2 / Peer Relations

    Current Status of the Field of Peer Relations

    Theoretical Bases For The Development of Peer Relations

    Development and Peer Experiences

    Personal Characteristics and Peer Acceptance

    Educational Interventions and Peer Behavior

    References

    3 / The Development and Regulation of Aggression in Young Children

    General Patterns of Aggression

    Family Influences on Aggression

    Television Influences on Aggression

    Peer Group and Teacher Influences on Aggression

    Situational Factors That Influence Aggression

    Concluding Note

    References

    4 / The Acquisition of Self-Control

    Teaching Self-Control Through Consequences, Verbal Means (Reasoning, Manipulation of Attribution), and Example

    Teaching Self-Control Skills Directly

    Conclusions

    References

    Part Two / Cognitive Processes

    5 / Learning Processes: Developmental Trends

    Earlier Literature

    Current Theoretical Trends

    The Memory System

    Sensory Registers and Transfer to Short-Term Memory

    Short-Term Memory

    Long-Term Memory Structure

    Retrieval From Long-Term Memory in Children

    Development of Metamemory

    Educational Implications

    Conclusions

    References

    6 / Cognitive Development: Foundations and Directions

    Cognition in the Early Elementary School Years

    The Utilization of Strategies: Implications for Developmental Differences

    Summary

    References

    7 / Theory and Research on Children's Achievement

    The Concept of Achievement

    Determinants of Achievement and Achievement Behavior in the Immediate Situation

    Factors Influencing the Development of Achievement Orientations and Dispositions

    Noninteractional and Interactional Assumptions in the Study of Achievement

    Current Status of Research on Children's Achievement

    References

    Part Three / Social Influences

    8 / Family Influences on Language and Cognitive Development

    Families as Competent Teachers

    Family Influences on Language Development

    Family Influences on Cognitive Development

    The Impact of Contemporary Factors on Family Interactional Systems

    Conclusions

    References

    9 / Personal and Social Causation in the School Context

    Locus of Control

    Learned Helplessness

    Environmental Factors

    Teacher Expectancies

    Conclusions and Implications

    References

    Part Four / Developmental Problems

    10 / Children With Learning and Behavior Problems: A Behavioral Perspective

    Changing Concepts and Practice

    Developmental and Transitional Nature of Problems

    Classes of Exceptional Learning and Behavior Characteristics Behavior Deficits

    Classes of Learning and Behavior Deficits

    Excessive Behavior Characteristics

    Classes of Excessive Behaviors

    Interrelationships of Exceptional Characteristics

    Behavioral Assessment

    Remediation and Prevention of Problems Through Individualized Instructional Management

    References

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 496
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: January 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220772

About the Editor

Judith Worell

Dr. Worell is the current president of the APA division on the psychology of women, and past editor of Psychology of Women Quarterly. She has also chaired the publication board of APA and is section editor of APA's Encyclopedia of Psychology on gender issues. Worell was the unanimous selection to head this encyclopedia by scholars in the field.I am a licensed clinical psychologist, recently retired as professor and department chair from the University of Kentucky, Department of Education and Counseling Psychology. I received my PhD at Ohio State University, have taught at Portland State University, Oklahoma State University, and was a research Associate in the department of Psychiatry at the University of Iowa. I have also been in private practice, seeing families with behaviorally-disturbed children. Most recently I regard myself as a feminist therapist with a focus on the issues that motivate women to seek professional help.I have been very active in psychological organizations-was President of the Kentucky Psych Association, the Southeastern Psych Association, and the Society for the Psychology of Women, (a division of the American Psychological Association). In APA, I have been a member and chair of the publications and communications board, which publishes all their books and journals. I was Associate Editor of their major clinical journal, the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, and for 6 years was editor of the major research journal on women, Psychology of Women Quarterly. I have had many awards for distinguished contributions, including Outstanding Graduate Professor at UK, Distinguished Leader for Women in Psychology, an honorary doctorate from Colby-Sawyer college, distinguished Kentucky psychologist, etc. I have over 100 publications and presentations in professional books, journals, and meetings. My previous books include:Beyond Appearance: A new look at adolescent girls (1999), Co-Edi

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Kentucky, Lexington, U.S.A.

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