Psychobiology: Behavior from a Biological Perspective covers the problems encountered in understanding the biology of behavior. This book contains seven chapters that present a contemporary analysis of the essential features of these problems.
Chapter 1 provides extensive evidence concerning the evolution of specific aspects of behavior and illustrates the genetic processes underlying the evolution of behavior. Chapter 2 presents a contemporary analysis of the problem of instinctive behavior. Chapters 3 to 7 are concerned with processes underlying behavior, including sensory processes, motivation, attention, and memory. These chapters discuss the essential issues together with contemporary facts and theories. This work will be of value to psychobiologists, neurobiologists, behaviorists, and researchers who are interested in the biological aspects of behavior.
List of Contributors
Chapter 1. Evolution of Behavior
II. Behavior as Adaptation to the Environment
III. How Selection Operates
IV. The Origins of Behavior
V. Sexual Isolation
Chapter 2. The Concept of Instinct
II. Traditional Instinct Approach
III. The Ontogenetic Approach
IV. The Variance Approach
V. Instinct and Heritability
VI. Difficulties with the Model
VII. Measurement of Heritability
VIII. The Control of Behavior
IX. Experience and the Development of Behavior
Chapter 3. Sensory Processes and Behavior
II. The Behavioral Relevance of Physiological Findings
III. Sensory Systems and Behavior
Chapter 4. Appetite Motivation
II. Hunger and Thirst
III. What Produces Thirst?
IV. What Produces Hunger?
V. Where Do Changes Producing Hunger and Thirst Act?
VI. Has Thirst Really Been Produced?
VII. Central Nervous System Loci Linked to Hunger
VIII. Is it Real Hunger Which is Produced by Electrical Stimulation?
IX. What Other Properties Do These Central Drive Mechanisms Have?
X. Regulation of Amount Eaten or Drunk
XI. Counter injection
XII. The Afferent Inhibition View of Satiation
XIII. Specific Hungers
Chapter 5. Attentive Processes
II. Objects of Sensorial Attention
III. The Measurement of Attention
IV. The Utility of the Construct "Attention"
V. Neural Mechanisms
VI. Concluding Remarks
Chapter 6. Brain Mechanisms of Memory
I. The Development of Our Ideas about Localization of Brain Functions
II. The Localization of Function
III. The Localizationist Position
IV. Theories of Memory Localization
V. The Antilocalizationist Viewpoint
VI. The Localization of Memory
VII. The Localization of Speech Function
VIII. Objections to Deterministic Theories
IX. How are Memories Established?
X. Self-selection of Representation Neurons
XI. Critical Substance and Critical Shift
XII. The Multiple-Trace Theory
XIII. Does Critical Shift in Some Cells Imply Deterministic Function?
XIV. Mechanisms of Stable Information Storage
XV. Electrophysiological Studies of Learning and Memory
XVI. Tracer Technique
XVII. Appearance of Electrical Similarities in Different Brain Regions
XVIII. Relationship between Waveshape and Site of Stimulation
XIX. Relationship between Waveshape and Meaning
XX. Endogenous Components in the Response of the Brain to Stimuli
XXI. Difference Waveshapes and the Readout of Stored Information
XXII. Relation between Single-Unit Activity and Evoked Potentials
XXIII. Chronic Microelectrode Studies
Chapter 7. Cognitive Deficit: Experimental Analysis
I. Aims and Methods
II. Natural History
IV. Language Disorder
V. Sequencing of Information
VI. Spatial Performance
VII. The Analysis of Learning Deficit
VIII. Anatomical Basis of Cerebral Function
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 1971
- 1st January 1971
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN: