Psychobiology Behavior From a Biological Perspective

Psychobiology Behavior From a Biological Perspective

1st Edition - January 1, 1971

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  • Editor: James McGaugh
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153003

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Psychobiology: Behavior from a Biological Perspective covers the problems encountered in understanding the biology of behavior. This book contains seven chapters that present a contemporary analysis of the essential features of these problems. Chapter 1 provides extensive evidence concerning the evolution of specific aspects of behavior and illustrates the genetic processes underlying the evolution of behavior. Chapter 2 presents a contemporary analysis of the problem of instinctive behavior. Chapters 3 to 7 are concerned with processes underlying behavior, including sensory processes, motivation, attention, and memory. These chapters discuss the essential issues together with contemporary facts and theories. This work will be of value to psychobiologists, neurobiologists, behaviorists, and researchers who are interested in the biological aspects of behavior.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    Chapter 1. Evolution of Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. Behavior as Adaptation to the Environment

    III. How Selection Operates

    IV. The Origins of Behavior

    V. Sexual Isolation


    Chapter 2. The Concept of Instinct

    I. Introduction

    II. Traditional Instinct Approach

    III. The Ontogenetic Approach

    IV. The Variance Approach

    V. Instinct and Heritability

    VI. Difficulties with the Model

    VII. Measurement of Heritability

    VIII. The Control of Behavior

    IX. Experience and the Development of Behavior

    X. Conclusion


    Chapter 3. Sensory Processes and Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. The Behavioral Relevance of Physiological Findings

    III. Sensory Systems and Behavior


    Chapter 4. Appetite Motivation

    I. Introduction

    II. Hunger and Thirst

    III. What Produces Thirst?

    IV. What Produces Hunger?

    V. Where Do Changes Producing Hunger and Thirst Act?

    VI. Has Thirst Really Been Produced?

    VII. Central Nervous System Loci Linked to Hunger

    VIII. Is it Real Hunger Which is Produced by Electrical Stimulation?

    IX. What Other Properties Do These Central Drive Mechanisms Have?

    X. Regulation of Amount Eaten or Drunk

    XI. Counter injection

    XII. The Afferent Inhibition View of Satiation

    XIII. Specific Hungers

    XIV. Reward


    Chapter 5. Attentive Processes

    I. Introduction

    II. Objects of Sensorial Attention

    III. The Measurement of Attention

    IV. The Utility of the Construct "Attention"

    V. Neural Mechanisms

    VI. Concluding Remarks


    Chapter 6. Brain Mechanisms of Memory

    I. The Development of Our Ideas about Localization of Brain Functions

    II. The Localization of Function

    III. The Localizationist Position

    IV. Theories of Memory Localization

    V. The Antilocalizationist Viewpoint

    VI. The Localization of Memory

    VII. The Localization of Speech Function

    VIII. Objections to Deterministic Theories

    IX. How are Memories Established?

    X. Self-selection of Representation Neurons

    XI. Critical Substance and Critical Shift

    XII. The Multiple-Trace Theory

    XIII. Does Critical Shift in Some Cells Imply Deterministic Function?

    XIV. Mechanisms of Stable Information Storage

    XV. Electrophysiological Studies of Learning and Memory

    XVI. Tracer Technique

    XVII. Appearance of Electrical Similarities in Different Brain Regions

    XVIII. Relationship between Waveshape and Site of Stimulation

    XIX. Relationship between Waveshape and Meaning

    XX. Endogenous Components in the Response of the Brain to Stimuli

    XXI. Difference Waveshapes and the Readout of Stored Information

    XXII. Relation between Single-Unit Activity and Evoked Potentials

    XXIII. Chronic Microelectrode Studies

    XXIV. Conclusions


    Chapter 7. Cognitive Deficit: Experimental Analysis

    I. Aims and Methods

    II. Natural History

    III. Perception

    IV. Language Disorder

    V. Sequencing of Information

    VI. Spatial Performance

    VII. The Analysis of Learning Deficit

    VIII. Anatomical Basis of Cerebral Function


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 382
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1971
  • Published: January 1, 1971
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153003

About the Editor

James McGaugh

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