Proteomics in Biomedicine and Pharmacology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128004531, 9780128005958

Proteomics in Biomedicine and Pharmacology, Volume 95

1st Edition

Serial Editors: Rossen Donev
eBook ISBN: 9780128005958
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128004531
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 24th June 2014
Page Count: 376
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Table of Contents

Contributors

Preface

Chapter One. Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals and Human Growth and Maturation: A Focus on Early Critical Windows of Exposure

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Challenges in Evidencing Endocrine Disruption

3 Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals and Fetal Growth

4 EDCs and Sexual Differentiation

5 EDCs and Puberty

6 EDCs and Brain Development

7 EDC and Energy Balance

8 Epigenetic Perspective on the Developmental Effects of EDCs

9 Conclusion

References

Chapter Two. Agricultural Pesticides and Precocious Puberty

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Puberty

3 Precocious Puberty

4 The Effects of EDs on Puberty

5 Organochlorine Pesticides and Puberty

6 DDT and DDE

7 Methoxychlor

8 Endosulfans

9 Vinclozolin

10 Acetochlor

11 Conclusion

References

Chapter Three. Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals: Elucidating Our Understanding of Their Role in Sex and Gender-Relevant End Points

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Endocrine Disruption May Underlie Negative Effects of Contaminants

3 Adverse Health Consequences of Lifelong EDC Exposure

4 Signficance of Investigating EDC Effects on Neurodevelopmental Processes

5 Hormones’ Effects to Organize Neural Systems and Behavioral Processes

6 Developmental EDC Exposure Alters Reproductive Development and Behavior

7 Exposure to EDCs in Adulthood Also Effects Reproductive Parameters

8 EDCs in Adulthood Influence Sexually Dimorphic Brain Morphology

9 Do EDCs Influence Sex Differences in Nonreproductive Behaviors?

10 Effects of EDCs on Sexually Dimorphic, Nonreproductive Behaviors

11 Potential Mechanisms by which EDCs May Produce Their Effects

12 Several Factors May Bear upon Estrogenicity of Compounds

13 Effects of EDCs on Uterotropic Activity

14 Importance of Examining EDC Effects on Whole-Animal Estrogenic Measures

15 Effects of EDCs on E2 Metabolism

16 Androgenic/Antiandrogenic Effects of EDCs

17 Effects of EDCs via Traditional Intracellular Steroid Receptors

18 Other Substrates to Consider for Actions of EDCs

19 Preliminary Studies

20 Organized Reproductive Parameters: Immature Rats

21 Organized and Activated Reproductive Parameters: Peripubertal and Maturation Measures

22 Organized and Activated Reproductive Parameters: Effects in Adults

23 Strategy: EDC Effects on Reproductive Parameters: A Biomarker of Effects

24 Organized and/or Activated Nonreproductive Sexually Dimorphic Behaviors

25 Suggested Experiments Moving Forward

26 Approach: The Importance of Integration of Reproductive and Nonreproductive Measures

27 Approach: Examining Effects of EDC Exposure Throughout Development

28 Suggestions for Future Work Examining Mechanisms of EDCs Effects

29 Logistical Factors for Experimental Control and Power

30 Summary

31 Conclusions

Acknowledgment

References

Chapter Four. Ovarian Toxicity from Reactive Oxygen Species

Abstract

1 Ovarian Follicular Development and Its Hormonal Regulation

2 Reactive Oxygen Species and Oxidative Stress

3 Hormonal Regulation of and Effects of Depleting or Enhancing Ovarian Antioxidants

4 Oxidative Stress Occurs in the Ovarian Follicles When the Normal Hormonal Support for Follicular Survival is Removed

5 Effects of Exogenous H2O2 on Ovarian Follicles and Granulosa Cells

6 Involvement of ROS in Ovarian Toxicity Caused by Chemical Toxicants

7 Involvement of ROS in Ovarian Toxicity Caused by Ionizing Radiation

8 Summary and Conclusions

References

Chapter Five. Low-Dose Effects of Hormones and Endocrine Disruptors

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 What is Meant by “Low Dose?”

3 Hormones Act at Low Doses

4 The “Rules” of Hormones are Obeyed by EDCs: Implications for Low-Dose Chemical Exposures

5 NTP Panel's Findings on Low-Dose Effects: 2000–2002

6 The NTP Panel's Assessment: Low-Dose Effects of Specific Chemicals

7 Updates to the NTP Panel Report on Low-Dose Effects

8 BPA and the Prostate: A Low-Dose Case Study

9 Additional Low-Dose Findings: Evidence from Laboratory Animals and Human Populations

10 Traditional Toxicology Studies are Not Designed to Detect Low-Dose Effects

11 Low-Dose Effects: Biological Changes are Not Necessarily Adverse

12 Real World EDC Exposures: Mixture Effects

13 Nonmonotonic Dose Responses

14 Conclusions

References

Chapter Six. Contamination from Endocrine Disrupters of the General Population at Low and High Concentrations

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 How to Implement the Indicator? An Example

3 Results of the Implementation of the Indicator

4 Discussion

References

Chapter Seven. Reproductive Toxicities of Methoxychlor Based on Estrogenic Properties of the Compound and Its Estrogenic Metabolite, Hydroxyphenyltrichloroethane

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Estrogenicity of Methoxychlor and Its Active Metabolite, HPTE

3 Reproductive and Developmental Toxicities of Methoxychlor

4 Conclusion

Acknowledgment

References

Chapter Eight. Epigenetic Effects of Methoxychlor and Vinclozolin on Male Gametes

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Epigenetics

3 Imprinting

4 Environmental Changes Affect Imprinting

5 Imprinting Defects and Male Infertility

6 Endocrine Disruptors and Male Infertility

7 Conclusion and Perspectives

References

Chapter Nine. Nuclear Receptor Profiling of Bisphenol-A and Its Halogenated Analogues

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Estrogen Receptors

3 Estrogen-Related Receptor γ

4 Androgen Receptor

5 Peroxysome Proliferator-Activated Receptor γ

6 Thyroid Receptors

7 Pregnane X Receptor

8 Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter Ten. Long-Lasting Effects of Neonatal Bisphenol A Exposure on the Implantation Process

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Uterine Implantation of the Embryo

3 Endocrine Disruptors and the Developmental Programming Hypothesis

4 Endocrine Disruption and Female Fertility

5 Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter Eleven. The Obesogen Tributyltin

Abstract

1 The Obesogen Hypothesis

2 Organotins Environmental Exposure

3 Mechanisms of Cellular Organotin Toxicity

4 Nuclear Hormone Receptors as Organotin Targets

5 TBT and Disrupted Adipose Biology

6 Epigenetic Perturbations in Adipogenesis and Metabolic Set Points

7 Conclusion and Perspective

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter Twelve. Human Testicular Insulin-Like Factor 3 and Endocrine Disrupters

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 INSL3: Expression and Regulation

3 Functions of INSL3

4 INSL3 and Endocrine Disrupters

5 Conclusions and Future Directions

References

Chapter Thirteen. Environmental Pollutants and Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 3β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase/Isomerase

3 11β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase

4 17β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase

5 20α-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase

6 Summary and Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter Fourteen. Cadmium Effects on the Thyroid Gland

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Cadmium

3 Structural and Functional Organization of the Thyroid Gland

4 Cadmium and the Thyroid Gland

5 Molecular Mechanism of Cadmium Influence

6 Conclusions and Future Directions

References

Chapter Fifteen. A Recombinant PPRE-Driven Luciferase Bioassay for Identification of Potential PPAR Agonists

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Materials

3 Methods

4 Notes

Acknowledgment

References

Index


Description

Volume 95 of Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology focuses on advances in proteomic techniques and their application in biomedicine and pharmacology. This volume describes in detail the applications of these techniques in studying a number of diseases and specific protein modifications and profiles, including phosphoproteomics, glycoproteomics, and more.

Published continuously since 1944, the Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology series is the essential resource for protein chemists. Each volume brings forth new information about protocols and analysis of proteins. Each thematically organized volume is guest edited by leading experts in a broad range of protein-related topics.

Key Features

  • Describes advances in application of powerful techniques in translational research (biomedicine and pharmacology)
  • Chapters are written by authorities in their field
  • Targeted to a wide audience of researchers, specialists, and students
  • The information provided in the volume is well supported by a number of high quality illustrations, figures, and tables

Readership

The intended audiences for this volume are researchers and specialists in biomedicine and pharmacology interested in using cutting edge proteomics strategies for discovery of suitable therapeutic targets and design of biologically active molecules. This volume would be also of a great use to students working on projects from the abovementioned areas.


Details

No. of pages:
376
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128005958
Hardcover ISBN:
9780128004531

About the Serial Editors

Rossen Donev Serial Editor

Rossen Donev received his PhD degree in 1999 from the Institute of Molecular Biology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. He did postdoctoral training at Imperial Cancer Research Fund, UK (renamed after the merger with Cancer Research Campaign to Cancer Research UK, London Research Institute) and Cardiff University. In 2010 Dr. Donev was appointed Lecturer in Swansea University. Currently he is Director of Biomed Consult Ltd, UK. His major research interests include signalling pathways involved in neuropsychiatric disorders and tumour escape from the immune system, and development of therapeutic strategies for treatment. He has published more than 50 research papers, has chaired scientific meetings in Molecular Medicine and given plenary talks at Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder meetings. Rossen Donev has consulted on projects related to development of treatments for neurodevelopmental disorders and cancer therapies. He serves as Editor-in-Chief of the Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology and on editorial board of several other journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Swansea University, Swansea, Wales, UK