Proteins and Nucleic Acids

Proteins and Nucleic Acids

The Biochemistry of Plants

1st Edition - May 28, 1981

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  • Editor: Abraham Marcus
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220369

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The Biochemistry of Plants: A Comprehensive Treatise, Volume 6: Proteins and Nucleic Acids provides information pertinent to the nucleic acids and the regulation of the expression of this information. This book presents the processes by which the nucleic acids are finally expressed as proteins. Organized into 14 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the overall structure of eukaryotic genomes, with emphasis on higher-plant DNA. This text then examines the enzymes involved in the cleavage and degradation of DNA. Other chapters provide a critical assessment of eukaryotic nucleic acid polymerases. This book discusses as well some examples from plant mitochondrial systems. The final chapter deals with two special areas of plant biology where the expression of the nucleic acids is seen in striking relief, the formation of plant tumors, and the growth and expression of plant viruses. This book is a valuable resource for plant biochemists, molecular biologists, senior graduate students, and research workers.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors

    General Preface

    Preface to Volume 6

    1 The Nuclear Genome: Structure and Function

    I. DNA Sequence Organization

    II. Chromatin Structure and Function


    2 Enzymatic Cleavage of DNA: Biological Role and Application to Sequence Analysis

    I. Introduction

    II. Classification of Nucleases

    III. Application of Nuclease Technology in DNA Sequencing

    IV. Examples of the Use of Nuclease Technology for Genome Analysis

    V. Potential Future Application of Nuclease Technology to Higher Plants

    VI. Possible Biological Roles of DNases in Plant Cells


    3 RNA: Structure and Metabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. Basic Information

    III. Transfer RNA

    IV. Ribosomal RNA

    V. Messenger RNA

    VI. Extraction and Purification of Plant RNA

    VII. Sequencing of RNA


    4 Biosynthesis of Nucleotides

    I. Introduction and Scope

    II. Biosynthesis of Pyrimidine Nucleotides and Its Control

    III. Biosynthesis of Purine Nucleotides and Its Possible Control

    IV. Biosynthesis of Deoxyribonucleotides

    V. Formation of Non-Nucleic Acid Regulatory Nucleotides


    5 DNA and RNA Polymerases

    I. DNA-Dependent DNA Polymerases

    II. DNA-Dependent RNA Polymerases

    III. Other Nucleic Acid Polymerases


    6 Nucleic Acids of Chloroplasts and Mitochondria

    I. Introduction

    II. The Organelle Genome

    III. Organelle DNA

    IV. Organelle RNA


    7 Proteins of the Chloroplast

    I. Introduction

    II. Forms of Chloroplast Proteins

    III. Synthesis of Chloroplast Proteins

    IV. Regulation of Protein Synthesis

    V. Transport and Posttranslational Modification


    8 Plant Proteinases

    I. Introduction

    II. Endopeptidases

    III. Exopeptidases

    IV. Functional Considerations


    9 Proteinase Inhibitors

    I. Introduction

    II. General Properties of Proteinase Inhibitors from Plants

    III. Serine Proteinase Inhibitors

    IV. Sulfhydryl Proteinase Inhibitors

    V. Acid Proteinase Inhibitors

    VI. Metallocarboxypeptidase Inhibitors

    VII. Evolutionary Considerations

    VIII. Roles of Proteinase Inhibitors in Plants


    10 Lectins in Higher Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Detection and Assay

    III. Isolation and Purification

    IV. Carbohydrate Specificity

    V. Physicochemical Properties

    VI. Biological Activities

    VII. Cytotoxicity of Lectins

    VIII. Nutritional Significance

    IX. Applications

    X. Distribution of Lectins in Plants

    XI. Role in Nature



    11 Seed Storage Proteins: Characterization and Biosynthesis

    I. Storage Proteins of Cereal Seeds

    II. Storage Proteins of Legume Seeds

    III. Summary


    12 Protein Biosynthesis: Mechanisms and Regulation

    I. Introduction

    II. Mechanisms of Protein Biosynthesis

    III. Regulation of Protein Biosynthesis


    13 Tumor Formation in Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Crown Gall Tumors

    III. Genetic Engineering of Plants

    IV. Genetic Tumors

    V. Viral Tumors

    VI. Epigenetic Changes in Plant Tissues

    VII. Conclusions and Future Prospects


    14 Biochemistry of Plant Viruses

    I. Introduction

    II. Properties of Specific (+)RNA Plant Viruses

    III. Concluding Remarks



    Contents of Other Volumes

Product details

  • No. of pages: 672
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: May 28, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220369

About the Editor

Abraham Marcus

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