Description

Properties of Polymers: Their Correlation with Chemical Structure; Their Numerical Estimation and Prediction from Additive Group Contributions summarizes the latest developments regarding polymers, their properties in relation to chemical structure, and methods for estimating and predicting numerical properties from chemical structure. In particular, it examines polymer electrical properties, magnetic properties, and mechanical properties, as well as their crystallization and environmental behavior and failure. The rheological properties of polymer melts and polymer solutions are also considered. Organized into seven parts encompassing 27 chapters, this book begins with an overview of polymer science and engineering, including the typology of polymers and their properties. It then turns to a discussion of thermophysical properties, from transition temperatures to volumetric and calorimetric properties, along with the cohesive aspects and conformation statistics. It also introduces the reader to the behavior of polymers in electromagnetic and mechanical fields of force. The book covers the quantities that influence the transport of heat, momentum, and matter, particularly heat conductivity, viscosity, and diffusivity; properties that control the chemical stability and breakdown of polymers; and polymer properties as an integral concept, with emphasis on processing and product properties. Readers will find tables that give valuable (numerical) data on polymers and include a survey of the group contributions (increments) of almost every additive function considered. This book is a valuable resource for anyone working on practical problems in the field of polymers, including organic chemists, chemical engineers, polymer processers, polymer technologists, and both graduate and PhD students.

Table of Contents

From the preface to the first edition (1972) From the preface to the second edition (1976) Preface to the third edition Acknowledgements Part I. General introduction: A bird's-eye view of polymer science and engineering Chapter 1. Polymer properties Approach and Objective Bibliography Chapter 2. Typology of polymers A. Polymer structure B. Molecular mass and molecular mass distribution C. Phase transitions in polymers D. Morphology of solid polymers E. Polymeric liquid crystals F. Multiple component polymer systems G. Relaxation phenomena Appendix I. Milestones in the history of polymer science Appendix II. Chronological development of commercial polymers Bibliography Chapter 3. Typology of properties A. The concept "Polymer properties" B. Physical quantities and their units C. Categories of physical quantities D. Dimensionless groups of quantities E. Types of molar properties F. Additive molar functions Bibliography Part II. Thermophysical properties of polymers Chapter 4. Volumetric properties A. Fundamental quantities of mass and volume B. Standard molar volumes at room temperature (298 K) C. Thermal expansion D. Isothermal compression - Equations of state Bibliography Chapter 5. Calorimetric properties A. Heat capacity B. Latent heat of crystallization and fusion (melting) C. Enthalpy and entropy Bibliography Chapter 6. Transition temperatures A. The glass transition temperature B. The crystalline melting point C. Relationship between glass transition temperature and melting point of polymers D. Relationship between Tg, Tm and other transition temperatures E. Transi

Details

No. of pages:
898
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 1997
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
9780444828774
Electronic ISBN:
9780444596123