Project Finance for the International Petroleum Industry

1st Edition

Authors: Robert Clews
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128001585
eBook ISBN: 9780128005293
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 4th April 2016
Page Count: 416
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This overview of project finance for the oil and gas industry covers financial markets, sources and providers of finance, financial structures, and capital raising processes. About US$300 billion of project finance debt is raised annually across several capital intensive sectors—including oil and gas, energy, infrastructure, and mining—and the oil and gas industry represents around 30% of the global project finance market.

With over 25 year’s project finance experience in international banking and industry, author Robert Clews explores project finance techniques and their effectiveness in the petroleum industry. He highlights the petroleum industry players, risks, economics, and commercial/legal arrangements. With petroleum industry projects representing amongst the largest industrial activities in the world, this book ties together concepts and tools through real examples and aims to ensure that project finance will continue to play a central role in bringing together investors and lenders to finance these ventures.

Key Features

  • Combines the theory and practice of raising long-term funding for capital intensive projects with insights about the appeal of project finance to the international oil and gas industry
  • Includes case studies and examples covering projects in the Arctic, East Africa, Latin America, North America, and Australia
  • Emphasizes the full downstream value chain of the industry instead of limiting itself to upstream and pipeline project financing
  • Highlights petroleum industry players, risks, economics, and commercial and legal arrangements


Graduate students working in corporate finance and business, and professionals working in the project finance industry and the international oil and gas industry

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Part I: Introduction to Project Finance

    • Introduction

      • Chapter 1: The Characteristics of Project Finance

        • Abstract
        • 1.1. Introduction
        • 1.2. Raising finance for large projects
        • 1.3. Using project finance to raise capital
        • 1.4. Risk analysis and risk mitigation
        • 1.5. Project economics, capital structure and debt capacity
        • 1.6. The Project finance process
      • Chapter 2: Project Finance Structures and Techniques

        • Abstract
        • 2.1. Introduction
        • 2.2. Project finance structures
        • 2.3. Project finance tools and techniques
        • 2.4. Security structures, sponsor support and other features
      • Chapter 3: Sources of Finance and the Global Project Finance Markets

        • Abstract
        • 3.1. Introduction
        • 3.2. Sources of equity
        • 3.3. Sources of project finance debt
        • 3.4. The Global project finance market
      • Chapter 4: Commercial Banks and Syndicated Lending

        • Abstract
        • 4.1. Introduction
        • 4.2. The Role of commercial banks in project finance
        • 4.3. Term loans and related financing
        • 4.4. Syndicated lending
        • 4.5. Loans market practice
    • Part II: The Petroleum Industry – Commercial Risks and Contracts

      • Introduction

        • Chapter 5: Fundamentals of the Petroleum Industry

          • Abstract
          • 5.1. Introduction
          • 5.2. The Business of petroleum
          • 5.3. The Industry value chain
          • 5.4. Industry structure, markets and economics
        • Chapter 6: Upstream Oil and Gas

          • Abstract
          • 6.1. Introduction
          • 6.2. Fund


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      © Academic Press 2016
      Academic Press
      eBook ISBN:
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      About the Author

      Robert Clews

      Mr. Clews is Head of Oil, Gas and Petrochemicals covering project finance in the EMEA for Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, one of Japan’s largest international commercial banks. His experience includes project investment appraisal, project finance advisory and arranging, joint venture and commercial contract negotiations and Export Credit Agency financing.

      Affiliations and Expertise

      Head of Oil, Gas, and Petrochemicals, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation


      "Robert Clews’ Project Finance for the International Petroleum Industry fills a significant gap in project-finance literature for both the academic and professional reader. Highly recommended. " --E.R. Yescombe, YCL Consulting Ltd., UK

      "The oil and gas industry is a capital intensive industry that carries very high risks in the upstream part of the value chain. The many companies involved in the upstream sector use a wide range of financial structures. Therefore, understanding how each company can finance its participation in projects and with what associated risks and costs is fundamental to the understanding of the issues at stake."  --Nadine Bret-Rouzaut, IFP School, France

      "Understanding different financial structures can be as important for the success of projects in the international petroleum industry as understanding physical structures and processes. This volume should help the interested reader make progress along the path towards such an understanding and to a greater awareness of many of the intricacies of project finance."  --David Mayston, University of York, UK

      "As experienced project finance professionals know, each sector has unique characteristics that must be take into account. Most books about energy finance emphasize financing at the expense of industry economics. In contrast, Robert Clews does a masterful job at tying together the features of oil and gas investments with the risk management and contract structures of energy project finance. During a time of dramatic changes in energy markets, this book sets the new standard for the analysis of structured finance during a period of dramatic change in energy markets."  --John S. Strong, College of William and Mary, USA