Production of Clean Hydrogen by Electrochemical Reforming of Oxygenated Organic Compounds - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128215005

Production of Clean Hydrogen by Electrochemical Reforming of Oxygenated Organic Compounds

1st Edition

Authors: Claude Lamy Christophe Coutanceau Steve Baranton
Paperback ISBN: 9780128215005
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 6th December 2019
Page Count: 132
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Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Principle of hydrogen production by the electrocatalytic oxidation of organic compounds in a Proton Exchange Membrane Electrolysis Cell
3. Experimental part
4. Production of hydrogen by the electrocatalytic oxidation of low weight compounds (HCOOH, MeOH, EtOH)
5. Production of hydrogen by the electrocatalytic oxidation of compounds derived from the biomass (glycerol, glucose)
6. Conclusions


Description

Production of Clean Hydrogen by Electrochemical Reforming of Oxygenated Organic Compounds provides a comprehensive overview of the thermodynamics and experimental results that allows the decomposition process of organic compounds leading to hydrogen to be carried out at working cell voltages much lower than those encountered in water electrolysis. After presenting the principles of hydrogen production by electrochemical reforming, the authors review different methods of synthesis and characterization of the catalysts needed to activate the electro-oxidation reaction. Different electrolysis experiments are described to produce hydrogen in a Proton Exchange Membrane Electrolysis Cell (PEMEC), investigating the effect of the nature of the reactive molecules, of the nature and structure of the catalysts, of the working temperature on the electrolysis cell voltage and on the quantity of hydrogen produced. They also present results on the production of hydrogen by the electrocatalytic oxidation of compounds derived from biomass, such as glycerol and glucose in acidic and alkaline medium.

By exploring the link between organic oxidation/conversion to hydrogen production, Production of Clean Hydrogen by Electrochemical Reforming of Oxygenated Organic Compounds fills a gap a gap in the existing literature and provides researchers in the field with an authoritative and comprehensive reference they can use when developing new sustainable processes and systems for hydrogen production.

Key Features

  • Explores in detail the decomposition process of organic compounds leading to hydrogen
  • Presents foundational information, practical insights and pathways for future work in the development of proton exchange membrane electrolysis cell systems
  • Includes results and experimental data and interpretations using different organic compounds, such as methanol, formic acid, ethanol, glycerol and biomass

Readership

Energy engineering researchers, PhD level graduate students and industry professionals in the fields of hydrogen energy, bioenergy and energy systems


Details

No. of pages:
132
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2020
Published:
6th December 2019
Imprint:
Academic Press
Paperback ISBN:
9780128215005

Ratings and Reviews


About the Authors

Claude Lamy Author

Claude Lamy is a Professor at the European Institute of Membranes of Montepellier University. Before taking on his current position, Professor Lamy was a research scientist in CNRS (Laboratoire d'Electrochimie Interfaciale) and full Professor at the University of Poitiers. His main research interests include interfacial electrochemistry, mechanisms of reactions, electrocatalysis, electro-synthesis in aqueous media from biomass compounds and hydrogen production by electrochemical reforming of alcohols. His research activity has led to more than 250 published original papers (among them about 220 in International Journals with Referee), 65 papers in proceedings, 18 chapters in scientific books, 80 invited lectures and more than 300 oral presentations. He has also received the Christian Schönbein Prize at the European Fuel Cell Forum, Lucerne (Switzerland) and is a Fellow of the International Society of Electrochemistry.

Affiliations and Expertise

European Institute of Membranes of Montepellier University

Christophe Coutanceau Author

Christophe Coutanceau obtained his Ph.D. degree in electrochemistry in 1994 at the University of Poitiers, France. He then worked as Assistant Professor at the Laboratory of Catalysis in Organic Chemistry (LACCO) in that same institution, before being promoted in 2008. At present, he is Professor in Physical Chemistry at IC2MP and Director of the Catalysis and Unconventional Media group of the Institute of Chemistry of Poitiers. He is also chair of the Low Temperature and Fuel and Electrolysis Cells axis of the Hydrogen-Systems-Fuel Cells Research Grouping from the French National Council of Scientific Research (CNRS). For more than twenty years, his research interests include development of synthesis methods for nanostructured supported metals using green processes (microwave activation, electrochemical methods, etc.) and solvents (polyols, water) and their application as electrocatalysts in fuel cells, electrolysis cells and electrosynthesis reactors. He is also interested in the valorisation of agroresources using electrochemical methods. He has presented or published over a hundred articles in reviewed international journals, as well as several book chapters, invited lectures and world patents related to fuel cells, electrolysis cells and biomass conversion.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Institute of Material and Environment of Poitiers (IC2MP), University of Poitiers

Steve Baranton Author

Stève Baranton obtained his Ph.D. degree in electrochemistry in 2004. He worked conducted research in Canada and Japan before joining IC2MP as Assistant Professor. His current research interests include the development of synthesis methods for nanostructured supported metals using green processes (microwave activation, electrochemical methods, etc.) and solvents (polyols, water) and their application as electrocatalysts in fuel cells, electrolysis cells and electrosynthesis reactors. He also develops in situ spectroscopic methods. He has presented or published over 90 documents related to fuel cells, electrolysis cells and biomass conversion, including articles in reviewed international journals, book chapters, invited lectures and world patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Institute of Material and Environment of Poitiers (IC2MP), University of Poitiers