Produced Water Treatment Field Manual

1st Edition

Print ISBN: 9781856179843
eBook ISBN: 9781856179850
Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
Published Date: 8th August 2011
Page Count: 244
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Produced Water Treatment Field Manual presents different methods used in produced water treatment systems in the oil and gas industry. Produced water is salty water that is produced as a byproduct along with oil or gas during the treatment. Water is brought along with the oil and gas when these are lifted from the surface. The water is then treated before the discharge or re-injection process. In the introduction, the book discusses the basic terms and concepts that describe produced water treatment. It also presents the different methods involved in the treatment. It further discusses the design, operation, maintenance, and sizing of the produced water treatment systems. In the latter part of the book, the ways to remove impurities in water are discussed, including choosing the proper filter, filtering equipment, filtering methods, and filtering types. The main objective of this book is to provide information about proper water management. Readers who are involved in this field will find this book relevant.

Key Features

  • Present a description of the various water treating equipment that are currently in use
  • Provide performance data for each unit
  • Develop a "feel" for the parameters needed for design and their relative importance
  • Develop and understanding of the uncertainties and assumptions inherent in the design of the various items of equipment
  • Outline sizing procedures and equipment selection


Petroleum Engineer, Production Engineer, Drilling Engineer, Completion Engineer, Operations Engineer, Drilling Manager, Operations Manager, Project Production Engineer

Table of Contents

Part 1 Produced Water Treating Systems Introduction Disposal Standards Offshore Operations Onshore Operations Characteristics of Produced Water Dissolved Solids Precipitated Solids (Scales) Scale Removal Controlling Scale Using Chemical Inhibitors Sand and Other Suspended Solids Dissolved Gases Oil-in-Water Emulsions Dissolved Oil Concentrations Lab Tests Dispersed Oil System Description Theory Gravity Separation Coalescence Dispersion Flotation Number of Cells Filtration Equipment Description and Sizing Skim Tanks and Skim Vessels Coalescers Example 1-1: Determining the Dispersed Oil Content in the Effluent Water from a CPI Plate Separator Oil/Water/Sediment Coalescing Separators Skimmer/Coalescers Precipitators/Coalescing Filters Free-Flow Turbulent Coalescers Performance Considerations Flotation Units Hydrocyclones General Considerations Operating Principles Separation Mechanism Orientation and Operating Considerations Static Hydrocyclones Dynamic Hydrocyclones Selection Criteria and Application Guidelines Sizing and Design Disposal Piles Skim Piles Skim Pile Sizing Drain Systems Pressure (Closed) Drain System Atmospheric (Open) Drain System Environmental Considerations Information Required for Design Design Basis Effluent Quality Produced Water Flow Rate Water Specific Gravity Water Viscosity Oil Concentration Soluble Oil Concentration Oil Specific Gravity Oil Droplet Size Distribution Oil Drop Size Distribution: Open Drains


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© Gulf Professional Publishing 2011
Gulf Professional Publishing
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"Published in a handy small format (4.5x7.5 inches), but not so small it inhibits readability, this guide contains the essential information necessary for produced water treatment using the format of an outline, with subjects followed by short definitions which in turn are followed by lists of key points and in some cases, a list of sample figures. Appendices contain definition of terms, descriptions of water sampling, and oil concentration analysis techniques. Many schematics, drawings, and tables are included. The book is derived from the authors' two-volume Surface production operations. Thoughtfully produced and authoritative, this volume will be essential to engineers and process designers in the field."--Reference and Research Book News