Introduction. (G. Ragazzi, W. Rothengatter). The Regulatory Issues of Transport Infrastructures, and of Toll Highways in Particular. (M. Ponti). Analysis of Highway Concession in Europe. (A. Fayard). Concessions versus Network-Wide Tolling Schemes, the Community' Framework for Motorway Tolling in Europe. (C. Borgnolo, W. Rothengatter). Tolls and Project Financing: A Critical View. (G. Ragazzi). Applying a Price Cap: RAB and Regulatory Accounting. (P. Ranci). Trans European Networks. EU Infrastructure Proposals. (J.H. Rees). Motorways and Motorway Finance in Germany and Austria. (W. Rothengatter). French Motorways: Experience and Assessment. (A. Fayard, F. Gaeta). Public Private Partnerships in the Irish Roads Sector: An Economic Analysis. (E. Reeves). History and Regulation of Italian Highways Concessionaires. The Concession through a Bid - the New Brescia-Milan Highway: a Case Study. (A. Greco, G. Ragazzi). Financing Motorways in Poland. (M. Bak, J. Burnewicz). Portuguese Experience in Motorway Concessions with Real and Shadow Tolls. (C. Fernandes, J.M. Viegas). Financing and Regulating Highway Construction in Scandinavia - Experiences and Perspectives. (S. Bråthen). Is a Mixed Funding Model for the Highway Network Sustainable Over Time? The Spanish Case. (G. Bel, X. Fageda). Pricing and Financing Transport Infrastructures in Switzerland. A Success Story? (R. Rudel, O. Tarola, R. Maggi). Financing Roads in Great Britain. (P. Mackie, N. Smith). The Private Finance Initiative: the UK Experience. (M. Sawyer).
This volume raises many challenging and controversial issues surrounding motorway procurement and finance in Europe. A somewhat surprising outcome is that a general appraisal bias can be identified in the following sense: Experts from countries which have introduced concession schemes for managing and financing of their motorways are very critical of these schemes, stressing their shortcomings and caveats. Some even conclude that public management under a regime of welfare maximisation would be desirable as a sustainable option. Experts from countries which have been sticking to public procurement and tax finance of motorways strongly attack the inefficiency of public planning regimes and the general tendency to allocate the revenues from special transport related taxes to the public budget, eventually spending them on other purposes rather than transport. A typical feature of the latter regime seems to be the chronic lack of funds for infrastructure investment.
Although a single ideal country concept for motorway procurement and finance obviously cannot be identified, every paper gives some insights into possible future improvements. Therefore, beyond the rich documentation of national solutions it is the perspective on workable future concepts which makes the book a valuable guide through the jungle of manifold options for public/private partnerships.
This book is a selection of papers presented to the international conference "Highways: Costs and Regulation in Europe", held in Bergamo on the 26th - 27th of November 2004. The Conference was organised by the University of Bergamo, and sponsored by the European Investment Bank.
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- © JAI Press 2005
- 2nd December 2005
- JAI Press
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Universita di Bergamo, Italy
Universitat Karlsruhe, Germany