Processing Contaminants in Edible Oils - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780988856509, 9781630670313

Processing Contaminants in Edible Oils

1st Edition

MCPD and Glycidyl Esters

Editors: Shaun MacMahon
eBook ISBN: 9781630670313
Hardcover ISBN: 9780988856509
Paperback ISBN: 9780128103814
Imprint: Academic Press and AOCS Press
Published Date: 21st October 2015
Page Count: 212
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Description

This book discusses the current research on monochloropropanediol (MCPD) and glycidyl esters in edible oils. These potentially harmful contaminants are formed during the industrial processing of food oils during deodorization. The mechanisms of formation for these contaminants, as well as research identifying possible precursor molecules are reviewed. Strategies which have been used successfully to decrease the concentrations of these contaminants in edible oils are discussed, including the removal of precursor molecules before processing, modifications of deodorization protocol, and approaches for the removal of these contaminants after the completion of processing. Analytical strategies for accurate detection and quantitation of MCPD and glycidyl esters are covered, along with current information on their toxicological properties. This book serves as a single point of reference for the significant research related to these contaminants.

Key Features

  • Details the mechanisms of formation for these contaminants and research identifying possible precursor molecules
  • Presents successful strategies to decrease the concentrations of these contaminants in edible oils
  • Includes the analytical strategies for accurate detection and quantitation of the contaminants along with their toxicological properties.

Readership

analytical chemists, qa/qc scientiests, fats and oils processors, food manufacturers

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Introduction
    • Formation
    • Mitigation
    • Analysis
    • Toxicology
    • Regulations
  • Chapter 1: Formation Mechanisms
    • Introduction
    • MCPD Esters
    • Glycidyl Esters
    • Conclusions and Perspectives
  • Chapter 2: Mitigation of MCPD and Glycidyl Esters in Edible Oils
    • Introduction
    • Influence of Precursors on Ester Formation
    • Mitigation in Field
    • Mitigation in the Raw Material
    • Mitigation in Refining
    • Additives
    • Removal from Fully Refined Oils
  • Chapter 3: Indirect Detection Techniques for MCPD Esters and Glycidyl Esters
    • Introduction
    • Main Steps in the Analysis of Bound 2- and 3-MCPD
    • Main Approaches toward the Analysis of Bound Glycidol
    • Common Established Methods
    • Other Methods
    • Method Comparison
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 4: Direct Detection Techniques for Glycidyl Esters
    • Introduction
    • Direct Methods
    • Summary
  • Chapter 5: Direct Detection Techniques for MCPD Esters
    • Introduction
    • Direct Methods
    • Nestlé
    • Food Safety and Consumer Affairs Bureau
    • U.S. Food and Drug Administration
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 6: Toxicological Properties of Glycidyl Esters
    • Introduction
    • Biological Properties of Glycidyl Esters
    • Biological Properties of Free Glycidol
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 7: Toxicological Properties of MCPD Fatty Acid Esters
    • Introduction
    • Toxicology of 3-MCPD
    • Toxicokinetics and Metabolism of 3-MCPD
    • Toxicity of 3-MCPD in Animal Studies
    • Toxicological Evaluation
    • Hazard Potential of 3-MCPD Fatty Acid Esters
    • Toxicokinetics and Metabolism of 3-MCPD Esters
    • Toxicity Studies on 3-MCPD Esters
    • Toxicology of 2-MCPD Esters
    • Risk Characterization
    • Conclusions
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
212
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press and AOCS Press 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press and AOCS Press
eBook ISBN:
9781630670313
Hardcover ISBN:
9780988856509
Paperback ISBN:
9780128103814

About the Editor

Shaun MacMahon

Shaun MacMahon is a Research Chemist with the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in College Park, MD. After completing his Ph.D. in Organic Chemistry from New York University, Shaun worked as a Chemist with the FDA’s Office of Regulatory Affairs in Jamaica, NY, before coming to CFSAN in 2009. His main interest is the application of mass spectrometry to address food safety issues. Shaun has been an active member of the American Oil Chemists’ Society since 2010 and has co-chaired the Trace Contaminants session at the AOCS Annual Meeting for the last three years.

Affiliations and Expertise

United States Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety