Process Plant Design

Process Plant Design

Heinemann Chemical Engineering Series

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

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  • Authors: J R Backhurst, J H Harker
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483162386

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Process Plant Design provides an introduction to the basic principles of plant design and shows how the fundamentals of design can be blended with commercial aspects to produce a final specification; how textbook parameters can be applied to the solution of real problems; and how training in chemical engineering can best be utilized in the industrial sphere. It has been assumed that the reader knows how to calculate a heat transfer coefficient and the height of an absorber, for example, and the bulk of the book is concerned with the translation of such parameters into plant items which are ultimately linked into the production unit. The book follows a fairly logical sequence in which flowsheets, heat and mass balances, for example, are considered before attention is paid to the design of plant items, exchangers, columns, and so on. Because of the vital role of economics in any design function, costing is dealt with early in the book and the principles further developed as appropriate. Rarely is the plant designer concerned with the design of smaller and standard items of equipment, and hence considerable emphasis is placed on the selection of such items. This section may prove of particular value to the engineer in industry, especially if he has not the backing of comprehensive technical manuals produced by the larger companies. Finally, an attempt is made to draw together the many facets of equipment design into one specification for the complete plant, and the many aspects relating to the completed unit are introduced in a final section.

Table of Contents

  • Preface


    Part 1: Process Evaluation

    Chapter 1: Preliminary Concepts

    1.1 Process Plant Design

    1.2 Process Evaluation

    1.3 Mass and Heat Balances

    1.4 Flowsheets

    1.5 Units

    Part 2: Process Plant Design

    Chapter 2: Cost Estimation and Optimization

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Cost of Major Items of Equipment

    2.3 Costs of Complete Plants

    2.4 Investment in Auxiliary Services

    2.5 Estimation of Manufacturing Costs

    2.6 Estimation of the Total Cost of Product

    2.7 Profitability and Investment Appraisal

    2.8 Optimization

    2.9 Nomenclature

    Chapter 3: Heat Exchange Equipment

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 General Description of Shell and Tube Units

    3.3 Heat Transfer Considerations

    3.4 Pressure Drop in Shell and Tube Exchangers

    3.5 Optimum Operating Conditions

    3.6 Evaporator Design

    3.7 Nomenclature

    Chapter 4: Towers

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Contacting Devices

    4.3 The Choice between Packed and Plate Columns

    4.4 Tower Packings

    4.5 Choice of Plate Types

    4.6 Plate Calculations

    4.7 Multicomponent Calculations

    4.8 Transfer Unit Calculations

    4.9 Column Diameter

    4.10 Nomenclature

    Chapter 5: Packed Towers

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Type and Size of Packing

    5.3 Flooding

    5.4 Pressure Drop

    5.5 Foam

    5.6 Hold-up

    5.7 Degree of Wetting

    5.8 Column Diameter

    5.9 Height of Packing

    5.10 Design of a Packed Tower for Distillation

    5.11 Optimum Design

    5.12 Nomenclature

    Chapter 6: Sieve and Valve Tray Design

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Sieve Trays

    6.3 Valve Trays

    6.4 Nomenclature

    Chapter 7: Mechanical Design

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 The Mechanical Design of Heat Exchangers

    7.3 The Mechanical Design of Columns

    7.4 Practical Rules of Thumb

    7.5 Nomenclature

    Part 3: Process Plant Selection

    Chapter 8: Physical Separation Processes

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Solid-Solid Separations

    8.3 Gas-Solid Separations

    8.4 Liquid-Solid Separation

    8.5 Nomenclature

    Chapter 9: Ancillary Equipment

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Pumping

    9.3 Crystallization

    9.4 Mixing

    9.5 Grinding

    9.6 Storage and Storage Vessels

    9.7 Nomenclature

    Chapter 10: Scale-up of Process Equipment

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Basic Principles of Scale-up

    10.3 Scale-up of Heat Exchange Systems

    10.4 Reactor Design

    10.5 Scale-up of Chemical Reactors

    10.6 Scale-up of Liquid Mixing Systems

    10.7 Scale-up of Fluid Flow Systems

    10.8 Nomenclature

    Part 4: Overall Considerations

    Chapter 11: The Complete Plant

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Location of Chemical Plant

    11.3 Layout of Chemical Plant

    11.4 Piping Layout

    11.5 General Considerations

    11.6 Conclusion

    Appendix: Common Conversion Factors to SI Units


Product details

  • No. of pages: 414
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483162386

About the Authors

J R Backhurst

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

J H Harker

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

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