Proceedings of the Twelfth International Cryogenic Engineering Conference Southampton, UK, 12–15 July 1988

Proceedings of the Twelfth International Cryogenic Engineering Conference Southampton, UK, 12–15 July 1988

1st Edition - January 1, 1988

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  • Editors: R. G. Scurlock, C. A. Bailey
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483164113

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Proceedings of the Twelfth International Cryogenic Engineering Conference Southampton, UK, 12–15 July 1988

Table of Contents


  • Committee Members

    ICEC 12 Sponsors

    ICEC 12 Exhibitors

    Foreword

    The Mendelssohn Award 1988

    The Mendelssohn Award 1988

    Part I: Plenary Lectures

    Chapter 1. Present and Future Cryogenin applications, The United States Situation

    Chapter 2. Industrial Gas Liquefaction and Separation

    Chapter 3. ETW - The European Transonic Windtunnel

    Chapter 4. Cryogenics of the Joint European Torus (JET) and the Next European Torus (NET)

    Chapter 5. The Implications of Higher Critical Temperature Superconductive Materials

    Chapter 6. Cryogenics in Japan

    Part II: Design of Cryogenic Equipment

    Section I: Large Scale

    Chapter 7. Improvement of the Filling Process of a 1 T Mr-Magnet by Using a LHE/LN2-Transfer Line

    Chapter 8. Computer Aided Cryostat Design in Twente: Recent Developments

    Chapter 9. Liquid Nitrogen Cooling System for FTU Tokamak Machine

    Chapter 10. The Cryogenic System for the Astromag Test Coil

    Chapter 11. Development of a High Capacity Cryogenic Pump for Supercritical Helium

    Chapter 12. A Conductor Design for Net Machine

    Chapter 13. Design, Test and Performance of the Liquid Helium Cryostats for the LEP Superconducting Quadrupole Magnets

    Chapter 14. Aleph Solenoid Cryogenic System

    Section II: Small Scale

    Chapter 15. An Optimization Model for Designing Cryogenic Expansion Turbine

    Chapter 16. On-Board Fuel Storage and Supply System of a Liquid Hydrogen Powered Experimental Passenger Car

    Chapter 17. Cryogenic Systems for Intense Fulsed Ion Beam Sources; Past, Present and Future

    Chapter 18. Condensation of air in the Venting System of a Liquid Helium Cryostat

    Chapter 19. The Vacuum Characteristics of FRP Liquid Helium Dewars

    Part III: Heat Transfer

    Section III: Solids

    Chapter 20. Heat Transfer Analysis in Multilayer Insulation Systems

    Chapter 21. Measurement of Interlayer Gas Pressure in Multilayer Insulation

    Chapter 22. Thermal Performance Measurements of a Graphite Tube Compact Cryogenic Support for the Superconducting Super Collider

    Chapter 23. Effects of a Radiation System an. A Wrapping Method of Multilayer Insulation on Heat Transfer in Cryogenic Systems

    Chapter 24. Intercept Optimization of Cryogenic Supports

    Chapter 25. Comparison of the Thermal Performance of Multilayer Insulation Materials and Fabrication Techniques

    Section IV: Fluids

    Chapter 26. The Effect of Coriolis Forces on the Temperature Distribution in a Liquid Helium Filled, Rotating, Open Thermosyfhon

    Chapter 27. Transient Thermal Analysis of Force-Cooled Conductors

    Chapter 28. Design and Operation of a Horizontal Liquid Helium Flow Facility

    Chapter 29. Boiling Heat Transfer Studies of a 2M Narrow Channel Test-Rig in Liquid Nitrogen

    Section V: Two-Phase

    Chapter 31. Pressure Drop in Forced Two-Phase Cooling of the Venus Thin Superconducting Solenoid

    Chapter 32. Results of Flow Experiments with 2-Phase Helium for Cooling of Superconductors

    Chapter 33. The Enhanced Boiling Heat Transfer of Microfilm Thermosyphon Two Phase Flow in Liquid Nitrogen

    Section VI: Cooling

    Chapter 34. Discussions on Vapor- or Gas-Cooled Superconducting Magnet Current Leads

    Chapter 35. Controlled downward Transfer of Saturated Liquid Helium across Large Differences in Elevation

    Chapter 36. Cryogenic Helium Cooling in Rotating Parallel Cooling Ducts with Common Supply Channels

    Chapter 37. Development of advanced Pulse Tube Refrigerators - Co-Axial and Valved Designs

    Chapter 38. 18 Ka Vapor Cooled Current Leads Using Stack of Copper Finned Foils

    Chapter 39. 18 Ka Vapor Cooled Current Leads to Test Superconducting Magnet Models for the Proposed Large Hadron Collider at Cern Using Wire Matrix Heat Exchangers

    Chapter 40. 18 Ka Vapor Cooled Current Leads to Test Superconducting Magnet Models for the Proposed Large Hadron Collider at Cern Using Wire Matrix Heat Exchangers

    Chapter 41. Current Leads for aleph Solenoid

    Part IV: Helium II

    Chapter 42. Helium II Heat Transport and Permeability Measurements in Fine Pored Membrane Filters

    Chapter 43. Gorter-Mellink Heat Transport in He-II Transverse to Tube Banks and through Ducts of Nonuniform Cross Section

    Chapter 44. Heat Transfer to Pressurized Superfluid Helium

    Chapter 45. Onset of Vaporization associated with Counterflow in Porous Media

    Chapter 46. Study of thermal Counterflow Jet in He II Using a Laser Doppler Velocimeter

    Chapter 47. Superheating of the He II Phase above Saturation Conditions

    Chapter 48. Flow Visualization of Large-Scale Vortex Ring Propagating through He II

    Chapter 49. Prototype Refrigerator for Subcooled Superfluid Helium at 1.8 K. Design and Tests

    Chapter 50. Transient Heat Transfer into Superfluid Helium under Confined Conditions

    Chapter 51. He II Active Phase Separator Suitable for Space Qualification

    Chapter 52. Heat Transfer to Forced Flow Helium II

    Chapter 53. Helium II Heat Transfer in a Channel

    Chapter 54. Combined Heat and Mass Transport in Superfluid He II

    Part V: Industrial Applications

    Chapter 55. Production and Acceleration of Solid Deuterium Pellets for Fusion Needs

    Chapter 56. Improvements in Boiling Heat Transfer in Cryogenic Plant : Model of Cooperation between Industry and University

    Chapter 57. New Purification System with PSA and Membrane for He Liquefier

    Chapter 58. Coal Cleaning by Superconducting Open-Gradient Magnetic Separator

    Chapter 59. Condensing and Boiling Performance of a 60cm Plate-Fin Condenser-Reboiler Section at Liquid Nitrogen Temperatures

    Chapter 60. Status of Superconducting Magnetic Separation - July 1988

    Chapter 61. The Design of Plate Fin Heat Exchanger Used for Petrochemical Industry

    Chapter 62. Further Remarks on the Limitations of ambient Vaporizers in Continuous Operation

    Chapter 63. New, Low-Energy Processes for Cryogenin air Separation

    Chapter 64. The Dual-Zone Brazed Aluminum Plate Reboiler-Condenser

    Part VI: Instrumentation

    Chapter 65. Cold Electronic System Using 15 Bin A/D Converter and Southampton Diode Thermometer for Precision Thermometry between 77k and 300k

    Chapter 66. The Use of Thin Foil Heat Flux Gauges to Determine Plug Closure in Cryogenic Pipe Freezing

    Chapter 67. Level Control in a Superfluid Helium Bath Using the Fountain Effect

    Chapter 68. Performance of Validyne Pressure Transducers in Liquid Helium

    Chapter 69. The Effect of Magnetic Field and Orientation on the Southampton Diode Thermometer in the Temperature Range 4.2 - 300k

    Chapter 70. Cryogenic Torquer/Positioner for Ultra High Vacuum

    Chapter 71. Experiences in the Cooling of Magnetic Resonance Tomographs

    Chapter 72. The Challenge of Installing a Cryomagnetic System in a Hospital Environment

    Chapter 73. Whole-Body Horizontal Bore Magnet System for In-Vivo Spectroscopy Applications

    Part VII: Properties

    Section VII: Solid

    Chapter 74. Measurement of Thermophysical Properties at Low Temperatures by Rectangular-Shaped Pulse Heating

    Chapter 75. Thermal Conductivity and Electrical Resistivity of Very High-Purity Copper at Low Temperatures

    Chapter 76. Internal Friction in Aluminum 6082 at Low Temperatures

    Chapter 77. A New Regenerator Material Er (Ni1-xCox) 2 with High Specific Heat in the Range from 4.2 K to 20 K

    Chapter 78. Motor Insulation Systems for Cryogenic Temperatures

    Chapter 79. Magneto-Thermal Properties of Sintered Gd3 Ga5 O12: Specific Heat at Low Temperatures and High Magnetic Fields

    Chapter 80. Permeation of Helium through Polymers at Low Temperatures

    Chapter 81. Development and Application of a Modified Low Temperature Epoxy Adhesive

    Chapter 82. Studies on Room Temperature Absorption of Water on Zeolites and Activated Charcoal and Their Residual Gas Analysis

    Chapter 83. Experimental Investigations on the Fouling of Metal Surfaces in Boiling Liquid Nitrogen

    Chapter 84. Low Temperature Decay of Vibrational Resonance for Bars Made of Dispal2 Sintered Al-Powder, Alloy Mic-6 and Almgsil

    Section VIII: Fluids

    Chapter 86. Thermodynamical Property Relations for air, Oxygen, Argon and Nitrogen

    Chapter 87. The Solubility of Solutes in Cryogenic Liquids

    Chapter 88. The High Speed Rotating Frame - A Novel Method for Obtaining Thermodynamic Standards Data

    Chapter 89. The Gruneisen Parameter Equations for Cryogenic Fluids

    Part VIII: Refrigeration

    Section IX: Large-Scale

    Chapter 90. The Hera Helium Refrigeration Plant: Description and Operating Experience

    Chapter 91. The Hera Helium Refrigeration Plant: Performance Tests for Various Operating Modes

    Chapter 92. Conceptual Study of the Superfluid Helium Cryogenic System for the Cern Large Hadron Collider (Lhc)

    Chapter 93. Cryogenic Test of Helium Transfer Line Modules for Hera

    Chapter 94. Initial Operation of the 1.8 K Tore Supra Cryogenic System

    Chapter 95. Performance Test Results of Cryogenic System for Demonstration Poloidal Coil

    Chapter 96. Cold Compressor Development

    Chapter 97. Expander Cycles for 80 K Refrigeration

    Section X: Small Scale

    Chapter 98. Design Approaches to a New Generation of Stirling Cryocoolers

    Chapter 99. Analysis of Calculation of Multi-Stage Stirling Refrigerator Cycles

    Chapter 100. Thermodynamin Analysis of Philips Refrigerator

    Chapter 101. Development of Long-Life Multi-Purpose Cryocoolers in the Range of 50 to 150 K, with Related Experiments.

    Chapter 102. A Study of Optimizing Design of Step Displacer of Plastic Cryocooler

    Chapter 103. Experimental Investigation of the Behavior of a 150 Watts Philips New Generation Cryocooler

    Chapter 104. A Numerical Model to Calculate The Gas Leakage through a Conical Piston Gap and to Study The Stability of a Free Piston in a Stirling Cryocooler

    Chapter 105. The Influence of Non-Ideal Effects of actuating Medium on the Performance of a Plastic Cryocooler

    Chapter 106. The Application of Spiral Groove Bearings in the Compressor of the Philips New Generation Cryocooler

    Chapter 107. Development of a 4 K Gm/Jt Cryocooler

    Chapter 108. A Gifford - Mcmahon (G-M) Cycle Cryorefrigerator Operating at 10k

    Chapter 109. 3 K Closed Cycle Refrigerator for Sis Receivers at Millimeter Wavelengths

    Chapter 110. A Vuilleumier Cryorefrigerator for Spaceborne Long Life Applications

    Chapter 111. Experimental Results on Magnetic and thermal Properties of Europium Sulfide Relevant to Magnetic Refrigeration

    Chapter 112. Construction and Testing of a Magnetic Refrigeration Device for the Temperature Range of 5 to 15 K

    Chapter 113. A Static Magnetic Refrigerator

    Chapter 114. Adiabatic Demagnetization Cooling System for Far Infrared Detector

    Chapter 115. A Two-Stage 80 K/140 K Sorption Cryocooler

    Chapter 116. A Compact Dilution Refrigerator with a pastTorn around Time

    Chapter 117. Magnetic Refrigerator with the Superconducting Magnet Investigation for a Cryostatting at the Level of 1.8 K

    Part IX: Space Cryogenics

    Chapter 118. Superfluid Helium On-Orbit Resupply

    Chapter 119. Tests of a Nearly Ideal, High Rate Thermomechanical Pump

    Chapter 120. Temperature Rise in Superfluid Helium Pumps

    Chapter 121. Thermodynamics of Tank to Tank He II Transfer

    Chapter 122. Liquin acquisition of Superfluid Helium in Orbital Systems

    Chapter 123. The Current Iso-Cryostat Design

    Chapter 124. Thermal System of 3.0m Dia X 3.5 M Long Thermovac Chamber

    Chapter 125. Phase Separators for Normal and Superfluid Helium

    Part X: Superconducting Cryoelectronics

    Chapter 126. Squid and Other Josephson Effects in Bulk Ybacuo

    Chapter 127. The Southampton Squid Magnetometer Facility

    Chapter 128. Superradiance frof arrays of Long Josephson Junctions

    Chapter 129. Design and Test of a Superconducting Microwave Undulator for Short Wavelength Syncrotron Radiation Generation

    Part XI: Superconducting Energy Storage and Transformers

    Chapter 130. Cryogenic Considerations for Large Scale Superconductive Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES)

    Chapter 131. Design Study of a Superconducting Magnet System of a SMES Test Plant for Utilities

    Chapter 132. Study of Room Temperature, Cryogenic, and Superconducting DC Cables and Components for Superconductive Magnetic Energy Storage

    Chapter 133. Development of 500kva A.C. 50 Hz Superconducting Coil

    Chapter 134. Development of Large-Current Capacity Epoxy-Impregnated 50hz Superconducting Coil

    Chapter 135. Preliminary Test and Quench Analysis of a 72 Kva Superconducting Four-Winding Power Transformer

    Chapter 136. Conceptual Design of a Power Transformer with High Tc Superconductor

    Part XII: Superconducting Generators

    Chapter 137. Full Superconducting Generator : Stator and Rotor Design

    Chapter 138. Operating Performance and Losses of Coil Joints in a Superconducting Rotor Winding

    Chapter 139. Transient Thermal Behavior of Current Leads for S.C- Generators When Operated with Fault Currents up to 150% Nominal Duty

    Chapter 140. Status of Development of Superconducting Synchronous Generators in China

    Chapter 141. Superconducting Magnet No. 1 for 300 Kw Homopolar Generator

    Chapter 142. Some Considerations on Superconducting Generator with High Response Excitation through Detail Design of Experimental 100 Kva Generator

    Chapter 143. The Cleo II Magnet - Design, Manufacture and Tests

    Chapter 144. A Racetrack Magnet Constructed Using Filamentary Nb-Sn

    Chapter 145. Development of a Forced-Cooling Cable-In-Conduit Superconducting Coil (DPC-TJ)

    Chapter 146. Stability of Poloidal Field Coil Conductors: Test Facility and Subcable Results

    Chapter 147. Cryogenic Test Results for the String of Four Superconducting Magnets

    Chapter 148. Cryogenics of the 1.8 K Test Station for 10 Tesla Superconducting Magnet Models

    Chapter 149. Cryogenic Testing of Hera Superconducting Magnets

    Chapter 150 Conceptual Design of a Superconducting Solenoid for a Magnetic SSC Detector

    Chapter 151. 4.8 Tesla asymmetric Split-Pair Soperconducting Magnet for Polarized Neutron Diffraction Studies

    Chapter 152 151. Cryogenic Tests on Hera Dipoles

    Chapter 153. Development of 10t-(NbTi)3sn Forced Flow Cooled Superconducting Coil

    Chapter 154. Stress and Strain analysis of the Superconducting Coils for the Agor Cyclotront

    Chapter 155. The Concept of a Superconducting Magnet System for the Nuclotron

    Chapter 156. Study of Superconducting Helicoid Stability

    Chapter 157. Quench Behavior of Industrial Produced Hera Dipoles

    Part XIII: Superconductivity

    Section XI: Below 25 K

    Chapter 158. The Mechanical and Electrical Effects of adding Manganese to the Copper Matrix of Multifilamentary Niobium-Titanium Superconducting Composites

    Chapter 159. Enthalpy Improved Dielectric Insulation for NbTi

    Chapter 160. Study on Low-Purity Holmium Core for High-Field Superconducting Solenoid

    Chapter 161. Preliminary Results on Properties of Ductile Superconducting Alloys for Operation to 10 Tesla and above

    Chapter 162. M.A.R.I.S.A., A Test Facility for Research in applied Superconductivity

    Chapter 163. An Analysis of Loss Measurement Systems for High-Current Superconductors

    Chapter 164. The Effect of Self-Field and Geometry on the Voltage-Current Characteristics of Multifilamentary Wires

    Chapter 165. Numerical Solutions of the Current Distribution in Superconducting Rectangular Cables

    Chapter 166. Magnetic Shield Effects of Superconducting NbTi-Cu Multi-Layer Films

    Chapter 167. A Multiple Sample Holder for JC Measurements on Hera Cables

    Chapter 168. Experimental Investigation of Pressure Rise of Quenching Cable-In-Conduit Superconductor

    Chapter 169. A 12 T, 1.8 K Test Facility

    Chapter 170. A Considerable Rise of the Superconducting Transition Temperature of Heterophase Titanium Alloys Due to Sample Cooling Rate Increase

    Chapter 171. Simulation of Helium Pressure Rise in Hollow Conductor in Case of Superconductivity Loss

    Section XII: Above 25 K

    Chapter 172. Microwave Surface Resistance of YBa2Cu3O7-δ

    Chapter 173. Stability of Possible High-TC-Oxide Supercondutors as Current Carriers

    Chapter 174. A Power Engineering View of Higher Temperature Superconductivity

    Chapter 175. Stability of High Tc Superconductors Cooled in a Liquid Nitrogen Pool

    Chapter 176. The Thermal Instability of Stabilized Superconductors with High Tc

    Chapter 177. Fabrication of Y-Ba-Cu-O Thick Film for the Magnetic Shield

    Chapter 178. Specific Heat Measurements on Y1-XprxBa2Cu3O7-Y Compounds

    Chapter 179. Intergranular Coupling for Current Transport in 'Non-Metallic' Superconducting Materials

    Chapter 180. Y-Ba-Cu Oxide Superconductor Prepared by a Diffusion Process

    Chapter 181. Characteristics of Transport JC of Bulk Yba2Cu3O7-Y Prepared V/Tih Ordinary Powder Sintering Process

    Chapter 182. High Tc Superconductors: Will They Replace Helium Temperature Superconductors for Magnets?

    Chapter 183. High Magnetic Field Production with Superconductors at 77 K

    Chapter 184. Flux Compression in Superconductors

    Chapter 185. A Magnetic Shielding Study of High Tc Superconductor Y, Ba2Cu3O7-δ

    Chapter 186. Characterization and Superconducting Properties of High Tc Oxide Wire

    Chapter 187. High TC Superconducting Thin Film by Sputtering Process

    Chapter 188. Preparation of High-TC Superconducting Ceramic Films on Metallic Sheet and Insulating Substrate

    Chapter 189. Critical Current Density of High TC Oxide Superconducting Tapes Made by Hydrogen Reduction Method

    Chapter 190. Phase-Formation and Superconductivity in the Y-Ba-Cu-Ag-O System

    Chapter 191. Superconducting Properties of Y-Ba-Cu-Ag-O System

    Author Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 1054
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1988
  • Published: January 1, 1988
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483164113

About the Editors

R. G. Scurlock

C. A. Bailey

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