Proceedings of the Second International Clean Air Congress

Proceedings of the Second International Clean Air Congress

1st Edition - January 1, 1971

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  • Editors: H.M. Englund, W.T. Beery
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272436

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Proceedings of the Second International Clean Air Congress documents the information and experiences exchanged at the Second International Clean Air Congress held in Washington, D.C. on December 6-11, 1970. This book compiles technical papers of five representatives from the national non-governmental air pollution prevention association of Argentina, France, West Germany, Japan, and the United Kingdom that aims to determine how they might work together cooperatively to contribute to the conservation of the world's air resources The topics discussed include the Swedish experiences on sensory evaluation of odorous air pollutant intensities; chronic fluoride intoxication due to air pollution; and organic ozone reactions as singlet oxygen sources. The emission and control of air pollutants from the incineration of municipal solid wastes and gaseous plume diffusion about isolated structures of simple geometry are also covered. This publication is a good reference for environmentalists and students interested in the scientific, technological, and administrative aspects of air pollution control.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword

    Congress Prologue: A Welcome to the Delegates

    Surveys (SU)

    SU-6A Air Pollution Levels in the City of La Plata

    SU-6E Air Pollution in Madrid from 1964 to 1970, Study Carried out in School of Public Health

    SU-6F Sulfur compounds as Air Pollution in the Riachuelo Area—Buenos Aires

    SU-6H Air Pollution Control Progress in South Africa

    SU-12B Problem of Surveillance of the Level of a Town's Pollution from Motor Car Exhaust Gases. Cases of a Highway Tunnel

    SU-12C Research on Automobile Emissions in Industrial Centers

    SU-12D Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons and other Pollutants in Los Angeles Air

    SU-12E Effects of Highway Configurations on Environmental Problems - Dynamics of Highway Associated Air Pollution

    SU-12F The Impact of Low Sulfur Fuel on Air Quality in New York City

    SU-12G The Changing Patterns of Fossil Fuel Emissions in the United States

    SU-18A Swedish Experiences on Sensory Evaluation of Odorous Air Pollutant Intensities

    SU-18B A New Method for the Presentation of a Large Number of Data Obtained from Air Pollution Survey Networks

    SU-18C Reduction of Number of Sampling Periods and Network Density in Collection of Particle Fall

    SU-18D About the Validity of the Log-Normal Distribution of Pollutant Concentrations

    SU-18E A Field Comparison of Conductometric SO2 Levels with Sulfation Rate

    SU-18G The Design and use of an Ambient Air Quality Data Bank

    SU-18H The Activities of the Intersociety Committee on Manual of Methods for Ambient Air Sampling and Analysis

    SU-24A The Observation of Air Pollution Around A Large E. D. F. Thermal Station by means of Continuous Measurements Retransmitted to the Station's Control Room

    SU-24C Air Pollution Control in the Swedish Aluminum Industry

    SU-24D Air Pollution Control at the Boliden Copper and Lead Smelting Plant, Ronnskasverken, Sweden

    SU-24E Air Purification, Objective Pursued by Physical Planning in Relation to Urban Agglomerations-Example: The Ruhr

    SU-24F Control of Asbestos Fiber Emissions from Industrial and Commercial Sources

    SU-24G Intermunicipal Commission for the Control of Water and Air Pollution

    SU-30B Air Pollution in Urban Areas in the United Kingdom Present Position and Recent National and Regional Trends

    SU-30C Concentrations of Lead, BaP, BkF in the Atmosphere of Three Mexican Cities

    SU-30E Corrosion Map of the British Isles

    SU-30F Moss Analysis - A Method for Surveying Heavy Metal Deposition

    SU-30G A Cooperation Extension-Based System of Assessing Air Pollution Damage to Vegetation: Organization, Results, and Recommendations for Future Surveys

    SU-30H Asbestos Air Pollution in New York City

    Medicine and Biology (MB)

    MB-4B Effects of Cadmium Ion on Metabolism o Lung Cells

    MB-4D Chronic Fluoride Intoxication due to Air Pollution

    MB-4E Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Fluoroorganic Acids in Plants and Animal Tissue

    MB-4F Induced Recessive Lethals in Second Chromosomes of Drosophila Melanogaster by Hydrogen Fluoride

    MB-9A Chrysotile Asbestos in Lungs of Residents of New York City

    MB-9B Critical Evaluation of Disease Hazards Associated with Community Asbestos Air Pollution

    MB-9C Effect of Carbon Monoxide Concentration in the Air on the Spinal Cord Reflexes and on the Nervous System of Cats

    MB-9D Difference of Experimental Toxicity of Several Air Pollutants Related to Sex

    MB-15A Effect of Air Pollution on the Prevalence of Respiratory Diseases in Western Germany

    MB-15C The Response of the Lactate Dehydrogenase Positive Type II Pneumocyte to Air Pollutants

    MB-15F Specific Conductance in Human Subjects Acutely Exposed to 0.6 to 0.8 PPM Ozone

    MB-21A Excess Death Study of Air Pollution

    MB-21B Epidemiologic Surveys on Air Pollution

    MB-21C Air Pollution, Bronchitis Prevalence and Peak Flow Rates of School Children in Two

    MB-21D Some Recent Trends in Pollution and Health in London - And some Current Thoughts

    MB-21F Trisentinel Monitoring of Air Pollution by Autorhythmometry of Peak Expiratory Flow

    MB-27A Account of the Biological Research Conducted at the Air Pollution Research Center of the National Health and Medical Research Institute

    MB-27B In Vivo Influence of Carbon Monoxide at Low Concentrations on the Activity of Rat Liver Benzo(a)Pyrene-Hydroxylase and Cholesterol-7α-Hydroxylase

    MB-27D Nervous System Disturbances in Men and Animals Experimentally Exposed to Industrial Solvent Vapors

    MB-27F Ecological Analysis of Lung Cancer in the City of La Plata

    MB-27G Air Pollution and Lung Cancer, A Contribution to Epidemiology

    MB-33A Ozone. Time-Concentration Model to Predict Acute Foliar Injury

    MB-33B Inhibition of Lipid Metabolism in Chloroplasts by Ozone

    MB-33C Ozone Tolerence of Petunia Leaves as Relate to their Ascorbic Acid Concentration

    MB-33D Recent Results for Recognition and Monitoring of Air Pollutants with the Aid of Plants

    MB-33E A Study of the Air Pollution Problem due to Coal Unloading in Varanasi, India

    MB-40A Fluoride Effects on Vegetation in Ontario

    MB-40B Fluoride in Forage: Factors Determining its Accumulation from the Atmosphere and Concentration in the Plant

    MB-40C Fluoride Phytotoxicity: Its Alteration by Temperature

    MB-40E Arsenic Pollutants in the Ecosystem

    Chemistry and Physics (CP)

    CP-1A The Photochemical Smog Reactivity of Solvents

    CP-1B Photooxidation of Ethylene Oxide and Propionaldehyde in the Presence of NO2 and Light

    CP-1C Organic Ozone Reactions as Singlet Oxygen Sources

    CP-1D Particle Formation from Photooxidation of Sulfur Dioxide in Air

    CP-1E Mechanism of Photooxidation of Sulfur Dioxide in Atmosphere

    CP-1F Photochemical Reaction of Sulfur Dioxide and Olefins

    CP-2A Isotopic Identification of Industrial Pollutant Lead

    CP-2B Atomic Adsorption and Flame Emission Spectroscopy in the Analysis of Trace Metals in Atmospheric Particulates

    CP-2D The Estimation of Picogram Quantities of Metal Compounds Present in the Atmosphere

    CP-2E A New Method for the Determination of Lead in Smoke Samples

    CP-7A Sulfur Oxide Chemistry in Low-Pressure Flames

    CP-7B Reactions of Sulfur Dioxide in Air

    CP-7C The Rate of Sulfate Ion Formation in Water Droplets in Atmosphere with Different Partial Pressures of SO2

    CP-7D A specific Method for the Automatic Determination of Ambient H2SO4 Aerosol

    CP-7F On the Measurement of Atmospheric Sulfur Dioxide

    CP-13B Relationship of Measurements in Non-Urban Air to Air Pollution: Ozone and Oxides of Nitrogen

    CP-13C The Nature of the Los Angeles Aerosol

    CP-13D Aerodynamic Deposition of Aerosol on Large Bluff Objects in Natural Winds: An Experimental Approach

    CP-13F A Comparison of Several Techniques for Estimation of Aerosol Loading and Visibility

    CP-19A Techniques for Source Determination in the Tucson Basin

    CP-19B A Method for Sampling the Instantaneous Chemical Composition in an Internal-Combustion Engine

    CP-19C Effluent Gas Analysis for the Chemical Determination of Airborne Particulate Matter

    CP-19D Aerosol of Atmospheric Particulate and Organic Pollutants

    CP-19E Electrogasdynamic Application to Dust Monitoring

    CP-19F Comparing Investigations of Different Measuring Principles for Continuous Monitoring of Dust Emissions of Lignitefired Steamboilers

    CP-19G Automation of the Conventional Gravimetric Dust Measuring Method for Quasi-Continuous Following of the Course of Processes

    CP-25A The Separation and Collection of Gaseous and Particulate Fluorides

    CP-25B Selective Ion Electrode Analysis of Fluoride in Vegetation

    CP-25D Design of an Instrument for Rapid Measurement of Light-Scattering Diagrams from Single Aerosol Particles

    CP-25E Reaction of Fabrics made from Synthetic Fibers to Air Contaminated with Nitrogen Dioxide, Ozone, or Sulfur Dioxide

    CP-25F Determination of the Life Time of SO2 by Simultaneous CO2 and SO2 Monitoring

    CP-25G Investigations of Soot and Particle-Borne Sulfur in Sweden

    CP-31A Raman Remote Gas Sensor

    CP-31B Air Pollution Measurement by Long Path Absorption Spectroscopy

    CP-31C Remote Sensing of Air Pollution in Urban Atmospheres

    CP-31D Lidar Spectroscopy System for the Remote Sensing of Gaseous Gas Pollutants

    CP-31E Multi-Element Analysis of Air Pollution Particulates: Nondestructive Neutron Activation

    CP-31F Frontal Analysis in the Sampling and Measurement of Gaseous Air Pollutants. An Application of this Techniques to the Measurement of Carbon Monoxide

    CP-31G Continuous Measurement of Atmospheric Pollutants by means of Specific Ion Membrane Electrodes

    CP-31H Field Evaluation Results for New Electro-Optical Air Pollution Monitors

    CP-37A Carbonate and Noncarbonate Carbon in Atmospheric Particles

    CP-37B Mass Spectral Investigation of Organic Contaminants in Airborne Particulates

    CP-37C The Stable Isotopes of Carbon as Indicators of Air Pollution Levels

    CP-37D A Method for Determination of Tetramethyl Lead (TML) and Tetraethyl Lead (TEL) in Air

    CP-37E The use of Mass Spectrometry in the Analysis of Air Pollutants

    CP-37F Concentration of Organic Air Contaminants by Sorbents

    CP-38A Characteristics of Aerosol Beams

    CP-38C Satellite Remote Sensing of Large Scale Local Atmospheric Pollution

    CP-38D Aerosol Research in Czechoslovakia

    CP-38E Characterization of an Urban Aerosol by Measurement of Submicron Nuclei

    CP-38G The use of the Microscope in Air Pollution Control

    Engineering (EN)

    EN-5A The Design of Industrial Air Pollution Control Devices

    EN-5C The Emission and Control of Air Pollutants from the Incineration of Municipal Solid Wastes

    EN-5E Studies and Analysis of Diesel Engine Odor Production

    EN-5G On the Emission of Carbon Monoxide and Smoke from Compression Ignition Engines; Including Natural Gas Fuelled Engines

    EN-10A Advantages of Natural Gas (METHANE) as Fuel for Motor Vehicles

    EN-10B Control of Vehicular Air Pollution Through Modifications to Conventional Power Plants and their Fuels

    EN-1OC Measurement and Control of Air Pollution from Aircraft and other Off-Highway Power Systems

    EN-10E Effect of Chemically Non-Equilibrium Reactions on the Generation of Pollutant Gases in Auto Exhaust

    EN-1OF Reduction of Exhaust Pollutants through Automotive Inspection Requirements - The New Jersey Repair Project

    EN-10G Automotive Particulate Emissions

    EN-10H Present State of Development in Engine Exhaust Emissions

    EN-16B Performance of Fabric Filtration Systems

    EN-16C Advances in Air Pollution Control in Neutral Sulfite Semi-Chemical Mills

    EN-16D Advances in Air Quality Improvement in the Wood Pulping Industry

    EN-16F Recent Developments in the Control of Air Pollution from Primary Aluminum Smelters in the United States

    EN-16G Pollution from Stationary Fossil-Fuel Burning Combustion Equipment to 1990. A Systems Study of Emissions and Control

    EN-16H Collection Efficiency and Operation Behavior of Wet Scrubbers

    EN-22B Dust Control in the Cement Industry of the German Federal Republic

    EN-22C Statistics on Utilization and Economics of Electrostatic Precipitation for Air Pollution Control

    EN-22D Report on Systems Analysis of Emissions and Emissions Control in the Iron Foundry Industry in the U.S.A.

    EN-22E Contribution to Limitation of Air Pollution Caused by Non-Ferrous Industry

    EN-22F Emission and Effluent Characteristics of Stationary Particulate Sources

    EN-23A An Infrared Kinetic Study of Mechanisms Involved in the Dry Limestone SO2 Removal Process

    EN-23B Removal of SO2 from Power Plant Stack Gas: Status of Limenstone Processes

    EN-23C Capturing Sulfur with Calcined Dolomite

    EN-23E Sulfur Dioxide Sorption on the Anion Exhangers

    EN-23F The Stone & Webster/Ionics Sulfur Dioxide Removal and Recovery Process

    EN-28A Studies and Developments on the Reduction of Environmental Odor Pollution

    EN-28B Specific Air Pollution Control Arrangements at Non-Ferrous Metal Works

    EN-28C Experience with "Modified Ejector Scrubbers" for Removal of Air Pollutants in Batch Processes

    EN-28D Stationary Sources and Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions

    EN-28E Novel Catalysts and Catalyst Supports for Control of Nox in Automobile Exhaust

    EN-28F The Effect of Electric Fields on Nitrogen Dioxide in Flames

    EN-29A Mechanism of So2 Absorption on Metal Oxides, Carbonates and Hydroxides

    EN-29C Grillo-Ags Process for Desulphurization of Smoke and Waste Gases

    EN-29D Available Desulphurization Technology and its Application to the Rational Utilization of Fossil Fuel

    EN-29E Air Pollution Connected with the Combustion of the Sulphur Containing Fuels in Large Thermal Plants

    EN-29F SO2 Sorption Properties of Molecular Sieve Zeolites

    EN-34A The Absorption of Mercaptans with White Liquor in a Kraft Pulp Mill

    EN-34B Odor Control in Waste-Water Treatment Systems

    EN-34C Some Consideration in the Evaluation and Control of Odors

    EN-34D New Methods in Electrostatic Dedusting of Waste Gases with High CO Content Coming from Steelworks Converters

    EN-34E Gas Cleaning in CEGB Power Stations

    EN-34F The Effect of Gas Temperature and Dew Point on Dust Resistivity and thus the Collecting Efficiency of Electrostatic Precipitators

    EN-34G The Collection of High Resistivity Materials by Electrostatic Precipitation

    EN-34H The Performance of Electrostatic Precipitators in Relation to Low Sulfur Fuels

    EN-35A Evaluation of Solid Absorbents for Sulfur Oxides Removal from Stack Gases

    EN-35B SO2 Removal from Fue Gases by Special Carbon

    EN-35C Adsorption of Sulfur Dioxide in an Entrained Carbon Reactor System

    EN-35D Desulfurization Method from Stack Gas by Activated Carbon

    EN-35E A Process for the Manufacture of sulfuric and Nitric Acids from Waste Flue Gases

    EN-41A A New Solid Filter for Industrial Odors

    EN-41C Particle Charging by means of Electric Fields and Flame Ions

    EN-41D The Significance of the Particle Charging Time in Electrostatic Precipitation

    EN-41E An Integrated System for Monitoring Air Pollutants

    EN-41F Particle Size: Relationship to Collector Performance, Emission Standards and Ambient Air Quality

    Meteorology (ME)

    ME-3A Mesoscale Transport of Pollutants in the Chicago Area as Affected by Land and Lake Breezes

    ME-3B A Study of the Natural Ventilation in Western Oregon

    ME-3D Recent Teachings of Air Diffusion Experiments at Different French Sites

    ME-3E Environmental meteorological Support Units: A New Weather Bureau Program Supporting Urban Air Quality Control

    ME-3F Isotope Ratio Tracer Method: Applications in Atmospheric Sulfur Pollution Studies

    ME-3G Radiometrically Measuring the Mixing Layer Aids Air Pollution Forecasting

    ME-3H Simulation in Water Model of the Effect of the Relief on the Diffusion of Effluvium (Colorimetric and Quantitative Evaluation)

    ME-8A Prediction of the Rise of a Gaseous Plume in a Calm Atmosphere with any Lapse-Rate Profile

    ME-8B Wind Tunnel Experiments on Exhaust Gas Diffusion with Thermal Elevation

    ME-8C Laboratory Experiments on the Motion of a Buoyant Plume in a Stratified Flow

    ME-8D Gaseous Plume Diffusion about Isolated Structures of Simple Geometry

    ME-8E Some Recent Analyses of Plume Rise Observations

    ME-8F The Tall Stack - Technical and Social Aspects

    ME-14A Tall Stacks - How Effective are they?

    ME-14C Sulphur Dioxide in the Vicinity of the Cardinal Plant of the American Electric Power System

    ME-14D Dispersion from Tall Stacks: An Evaluation

    ME-14E Survey of Ground-Level SO2 Concentrations Near Alton, Illinois

    ME-14F Air Quality Management of Industrial Sites

    ME-20A The Physical and Meteorological Basis for the Estimation of the Dispersion of Windborne Material

    ME-20B Diffusion Climatological Investigations in Hungary

    ME-20C The Meteorological Potential for Community Air Pollution in the Contiguous United States

    ME-20D Estimation of the Allowable Emissions for Air Pollution Abatement Program in Hungary

    ME-20G A New Proposal for the Determination of Stack Height for the Federal Republic of Germany

    ME-26A An Assessment of the Global Sources of Tropospheric Aerosols

    ME-26B Global Gaseous Pollutant Emissions and Removal Mechanisms

    ME-26C Global Surveillance of Air Pollution

    ME-26D Quantitative Influences of Rain on the Lower Strata of the Atmosphere and of the Ground

    ME-26E Analytical Study of Turbulent Diffusivity

    ME-26F Air Pollution Modelling by Parameter Estimation

    ME-26G The Numerical Simulation of Thermals

    ME-26H Numerical Investigation on the Atmospheric Dispersion of Stack Effluents

    ME-32A Preliminary Trial of a Box Model in the Oslo Airshed

    ME-32B Computer Control System for Preventing Air Pollution

    ME-32C Application of a Multi-Source System in an Urban Study

    ME-32D Urban Air Pollution Modelling

    ME-32E A Mesocale Numerical Model of Atmospheric Transport Phenomena in Urban Areas

    ME-32F Distribution of Emissions over Area Sources and in the Lee of Point Sources

    ME-39A A Model for Simulation of Air Pollution Transients

    ME-39B Comparison of Air Pollution Models with Aerometric Data for the Air Quality Region Centered on New York City

    ME-39C A New Venice Air Pollution Multiple Source Urban Diffusion Model

    ME-39F On Turbulent Diffusion in the Surface Layer of the Atmosphere

    ME-39G Mixing Height Determination by means of an Instrumented Aircarft

    Administration (AD)

    AD-11A Control of Special Industrial Processes in Britain

    AD-11B Is it Possible to conduct a Rational Air Pollution Management Program?

    AD-11C Air Management in Ontario, Canada

    AD-11D Management of Air Pollution Control in Czechoslovakia

    AD-11E Clean Air Legislation in Australia

    AD-11F Organization and Operation of Government Air Pollution Prevention in Bundesrepublik Deutschland-Experiences, Problems

    AD-11H Problems of Air Pollution Control in India, a Developing Country

    AD-17B Developing of the French Law for the Control of Air Pollution

    AD-17C Some Elements about Air Pollution Control in Portugal

    AD-17D Swedish Emission Standards for Stationary Sources

    AD-17E Air Pollution in Hong Kong

    AD-17H A Smokeless City Development Program

    AD-36A Land use as an Organizational Basis for Regional Air Resource Management

    AD-36B A Model Odor Control Ordinance

    AD-36C Experiences with a Combined Tele-Lidar-Station for Controlling Emissions Day and Night during a Test-Operation

    AD-36D Information Retrieval in the Field of Air Pollution Control by the Permufac-Index

    AD-36F The use of the Computer in Air Pollution Control with Emphasis on Medium Sized Cities

    AD-36G Decision Models for Short Term Air Pollution Control Policies

    AD-36H Meeting Air Quality Standards - The Pragmatic Approach

    AD-42A The International Activities of the National Air Pollution Control Administration

    AD-42B U.S. - Japan Cooperative Air Pollution Studies

    AD-42C German - U.S. Cooperative Studies

    AD-42D Foreign Profiles in Air Pollution Control Activities: Special Sources of Information

    AD-42E The Techniques of Measurement in the Oil Heating Control of the City of Zurich and the way of its Application

    AD-42F The First Pure Air Week in France

    AD-42G Air Pollution and Environment: Strategies for Developing Countries

    AD-42H Comparison of International Air Quality Data

    Plenary Sessions (P) Reports from Member Associations of IUAPPA

    P-1A Air Pollution Control Association - U.S.A and Canada

    P-1B Ascociacion Argentine Contra La Contaminación Del Aire-Argentine Republic

    P-1C Ascociacion Mexicana Contra La Contaminación Del Ague Y Del Aie-Mexico

    P-1D Association Pour La Prevention De La Pollution Atmospherique-France

    P-1E Clean Air Society of Australia and New Zealand-Australia and New Zealand

    P-1F Kanto-Shin Etsu Heat Control Society-Japan

    P-1G National Society for Clean Air-United Kingdom

    P-1H Schweizer Vereinigung Für Gesundheitstechnik-Switzerland

    P-1I VDI-Kommission Reinhaltung Der Luft-Federal Republic of Germany

    Reports from International Organizations

    P-2A The Pilot Study on Air Pollution for the Nato Committee on Challenges of Modern Society

    P-2B The Role and Activities of the World Health Organization in Air Pollution

    P-2C World Meteorological Organization Activities in Relation to Air Pollution

    P-2D Approaches to Air Pollution as Integral Parts of Environment Problems and Policy by OECD

    P-2E The Role of the Commission of the European Communities in Environmental Affairs

    Congress Epilogue: A Closing Perspective

    Author Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1372
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1971
  • Published: January 1, 1971
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272436

About the Editors

H.M. Englund

W.T. Beery

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