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Proceedings of the Ninth International Cryogenic Engineering Conference, Kobe, Japan, 11-14 May 1982 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780408012522, 9781483164090

Proceedings of the Ninth International Cryogenic Engineering Conference, Kobe, Japan, 11-14 May 1982

1st Edition

Editors: K. Yasukochi H. Nagano
Paperback ISBN: 9781483131672
eBook ISBN: 9781483164090
Hardcover ISBN: 9780408012522
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 1st January 1982
Page Count: 870
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Proceedings of the Ninth International Cryogenic Engineering Conference, Kobe, Japan, 11-14 May 1982 contains the papers presented during the entirety of the conference. The overall focus is on the presentation of technical developments and new applications in the field of cryogenics. The topics covered during the conference include high speed magnetic levitation train, magnetic fusion energy and its cryogenic applications, and cooling effects in a vortex cooler. Superconductivity and fusion, digital applications of the Josephson effect, thermally activated stirling cryocooler, and large cryogenic systems of the energy doubler are discussed as well. Physicists, chemists, engineers, and researchers in the field of cryogenics will find the compendium very insightful.

Table of Contents

In Memoriam Kurt Mendelssohn

List of Committee Members

Introduction to ICEC9

AA Plenary Session

High Speed Magnetic Levitated Train

BA Plenary Session

Magnetic Fusion Energy and its Cryogenic Applications

CF1 Magnetic Refrigeration

CF1-1 Thermodynamical Analysis of a Double Acting Reciprocating Magnetic Refrigerator

CF1-2 Analysis of Regenerative Operations in Magnetic Refrigeration

CF1-3 A New Usage of Anisotropie Magnetic Compound for the Magnetic Refrigerant

CF1-4 The Magnetic Refrigeration Characteristics of Several Magnetic Refrigerants Below 20K: I Magnetocaloric Effect

CF1-5 The Magnetic Refrigeration Characteristics of Several Magnetic Refrigerants Below 20K: II Thermal Properties

CF2 Refrigerator Components - 1

CF2-2 High Pressure Adsorption Isotherms of Hydrogen and Neon on Charcoal

CF3 Air Separators

CF3-1 Studies of Perforated Distillation Plates at High Vapour Velocity for Oxygen Plants

CF3-2 Anti-Explosion and Heat Transfer of Plate-Fin Type Condenser-Evaporator in Air-Separation Plant

CF4 Cryogenics in Space

CF4-1 Superfluid Experiment in Zero Gravity Aboard a Rocket

CF4-2 Performance of the Helium II Dewar Subsystem for the Spacelab 2 Infrared Telescope

CG1 Heat Transfer - I

CG1-2 Pool-Boiling Helium Heat Transfer from Small Monolithic Copper Stabilizers with High Packing Factors

CG1-3 Formvar Coating Effects on Heat Transfer from NbTi/Cu to Liquid Helium: Dynamic Determination of the Formvar Thermal Conductivity

CG1-5 An Experimental Study on the Forced-Convective Heat Transfer to Supercritical Helium 4 Flowing Downward in a Circular Tube

CG1-6 Forced Convection Heat Transfer from Submerged Surface to Liquid Helium

CG2 Heat Transfer - II

CG2-5 Flow Boiling Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop of Nitrogen From 1 to 30 Bar

CG2-6 Fouling Phenomena During the Evaporation of Argon

CG2-7 Effect of a Thin Insulating Layer on Rapid Cooldown of Metals in Liquid Nitrogen

CG2-8 Heat Transfer from Warm Plates of Cryobiologic Interest fo Liquid Nitrogen

CH1 Refrigeration Systems - I

CH1-1 A Forced Cooled Superconductor Test Facility for Big High Fields Magnets

CH1-2 Development of the Experimental Apparatus to Study Internally Cooled Superconductors Property

CH1-3 350-l/h, 1,200-W Helium Cryogenic System for the Development of Fusion Technology

CH1-4 Universal Cryogenic Plant

CH1-5 Low Loss Flexible Cryogenic Transfer Lines for Jet

CH1-6 Automatization and Data Acquisition of Helium Gas Liquefing System

CH2 Transportation and Magnetic Separators

CH2-1 Thermal Performance of a Low Heat Leak Support for Superconducting Magnetic Levitated Trains

CH2-2 Pulsed Cryogenically Cooled Coils for Maglev Experiments

CH2-4 The Magnetic Field Screening with Nb-Ti

CH2-5 New Methods of Force Compensation in Reciprocating Superconducting Magnetic Separators

CH3 Pulse Magnets

CH3-1 Dynamics and Controlled Characteristics of 0.5 MJ Pulsed Magnet

CH3-2 0.5 MJ Pulsed Magnet with its Control and Cooling Systems

CH3-3 High Ramp Rate Characteristics of Pulsed Superconducting Magnet

CH3-4 Development of a 1 MJ Superconducting Pulsed Coil

CI1 Cable and Magnet Technology

CI1-1 Experimental Investigation of a 60cm Bore Wax-Filled Superconducting Solenoid with Different Winding Current Density

CI1-2 A design of Polyethylene Insulated Sub-gVA Superconducting Cable

CI2 Stability and ac Losses - I

CI2-2 Maximum Allowable Resistive Zone in a Metastable Conductor

CI2-3 Stability of Superconducting Cables in Pulse Fields

CI2-4 Estimation of the Stability of High Current Density Superconducting Magnet

CI2-5 Propagation of Normal Zones in Small Superconducting Magnets Immersed in He II

CI2-6 Effect of Surface Coatings on the Cold-End Recovery Current of NbTi Filamented Conductors

DB Refrigerator Components - II

DB-1 Low-Temperature Centifugal Helium Compressors

DB-2 A New Helium Refrigerator System with Low-Temperature Centrifugal Compressors

DB-4 A New Range of Industrial Cryogenic Turboexpanders with Gas Bearings

DD Superfluid - I

DD-1 Development of a Launchworthy Motor-Operated Valve for Containment of Superfluid Helium

DD-2 Investigation of He II Phase Separator Operation Instabilities

DD-3 Characterization of Superfluid Porous Plug Performance

DD-4 Porous Plug Phase Separator for Superfluid He II

DE Transporation MHD and Power Cables

DE-1 Highly Efficient Superconducting Magnet for Magnetically Levitated Train

DE-4 The Developmental Progress Leading to the Installation of a Thousand Feet of Superconducting Cable

FC High Energy Physics

FC-1 High-Field Superconducting Accelerator Magnets

FC-2 Three Prototype Cells of a SC Magnet System

FC-3 C Band Superconducting Structures for a High Relativistic Energy e Linac

FC-5 Characteristics of Thin Wall Superconducting Solenoid Magnets and its Model Magnet Test Results

FC-6 The Design of the S/C Magnet for A H.E. Detector at LEP

FC-7 Long Term Performance of the Superconducting Solenoid for the UT-MSL Muon Channel

FD Refrigeration Systems - II

FD-1 Low Temperature Irradiation Facility at Kyoto University Reactor

FD-2 Studies on Supercritical He Cooling of a Large Superconducting Solenoid

FD-3 Cryogenic System of 8-GeV/c Pion Beam Line at KEK

FD-4 LHe and LN2 Cryosupply and Distribution System for the Net Neutral Injection Cryopumps

FD-5 Cryogenic System for Heliotron E NBI

FD-6 A 30 L/H Helium Liquefier for A 30 MVA Superconducting Synchronous Condenser

FD-7 Large Scale Hydrogen and Helium Liquefiers

FE Superfluid - II

FE-1 Results on Heat Transfer to He II for Use in Superconducting Magnet Technology

FE-2 Heat Transport Mechanisms in a 2.3m Long Cooling Loop Containing He II

FE-3 Heat Transport in Flowing Subcooled Helium II

FE-5 Studies of Cooling Effects in a Vortex Cooler

FE-6 The Gorter-Mellink Constant Associated with Counterflow Convection in Pressurized Superfluid He II (He4)

FE-7 Common Flow Characteristics of Various Types of He II Phase Separators

GC Pulse and Fusion Magnets - I

GC-1 Superconductivity and Fusion

GC-2 TMC-1, 10T-60cm Bore Nb3Sn Test Module Coil for the Cluster Test Program

GC-3 Performance Benefits of Advanced Superconductors in Magnet Systems for Fusion Power Generation

GC-4 Development and Characteristics of 0.5 MJ Pulsed Superconducting Magnet

GC-5 Thermal Characteristics of a 0.5 MJ Pulsed Magnet

GE Cryoelectronics - I

GE-1 Digital Applications of the Josephson Effect at Bell Laboratories

GE-2 Design of a Josephson Device for the High Precision Potentiometer

GE-3 Direct Coupled Adder by Using Josephson Elements

GE-4 Charge-Controlled Cryotron

GE-5 Phase-Coupled Josephson Logic Circuit

HC Stability and ac Losses - II

HC-1 Superconducting Poloidal Coils for the Reacting Plasma Project I. A.C. Loss and Stability of a Prototype Cabled Conductor

HC-2 Nb3Sn Cables Designed for AC Current Tests

HC-4 The Use of Calorimetry in Superfluid He II to Measure Losses in Superconducting Magnets

HD Refrigerator Components - III

HD-1 The Characteristics of Low-Temperature Binary Control Valves

HD-2 Performance of Reciprocating Expansion Engine with Electronic Control Valves

HD-4 A High Capacity Pump for Liquid Helium

HE Cryoelectronics II

HE-1 A Novel Process for Fabricating Josephson Tunnel Junctions

HE-2 High Temperature Operation of Nb3Ge SQUID'S

HE-3 A Study of an Absolute Determination of the Magnetic Flux Quantum by Superconducting Levitating System

JA Refrigerators

JA-1 Thermally Activated Stirling Cryocooler

JA-2 Thermal Stabiity and Noise of a Miniature J-T Heat Exchanger Refrigerator System

JA-3 The Cryogenic Wind Tunnel for High Reynolds Number Testing

JB Rotating Machinery - I

JB-1 Prospect of Superconducting Generators

JB-2 Development of Superconducting Generators and Motors in the USSR

JB-3 Cryogenerator Development Program - Model Rotor First Operational Results and Industrial Conclusions

JB-4 Manufacture of a 50MVA Superconducting Rotor

JB-5 Experimental Study of Cryoalternators

JB-6 Projecting ac Losses in a Superconducting Generator

JD Pulse and Fusion Magnets - II

JD-1 The Axicell MFTF-B Superconducting Magnet System

JD-2 Testing of the MFTF Magnets

JD-3 Construction and Cool-Down Test of the Japanese LCT Coil

JD-4 Test Results of the 3.3-MJ Split-Pair Pulsed Superconducting Coil of the Argonne PCTF

JD-5 Development of a 3 MJ-Class Pulsed Superconducting Coil

JD-6 Advances in High-Current Poloidal Conductors at JAERI

JD-7 Superconducting Poloidal Coils for the Reacting Plasma Project II. Performance Test of a Model Coil Under a 200 T/sec Pulsing Rate

KF1 Rotating Machinery - II

KF1-1 Cryogenic Development Program - Rotor-Model Tests - Some Cyrogenic Results

KF1-2 A Short Cut in Applying Superconducting Technology - D.C. Heteropolar Machine

KF1-3 Effects on Pole Number and Stator Core on the Performance of Superconducting Machine

KF1-4 Development of a Helium Transfer Couping for 50 MVA Superconducting Generators

KF1-5 A Helical Airgap Winding for Superconducting Generators

KF1-6 The Optimum Environmental Shielding System of Superconducting Generators

KF1-7 An Experimental Study on the Magnetic Field in the End Region of the Damper Shield of Superconducting Alternators

KF2 Cooling of Rotating Machinery

KF2-6 A Rotor Model to Investigate Thermodynamic and Cryogenic Aspects of S.C. Alternators

KF2-7 The Use of Carbon Film and SI Diode Thermometers for the Detailed Study of Transient Fluid Behaviour in Rotating Frames at High Tip Speeds

KG1 Dielectric Properties of Cryogenic Liquids

KG1-1 Dielectric Strength of Large Gaps in Cryogenic Helium

KG1-2 Arc Extinction Voltage Between Copper Electrodes in Liquid Helium - Application to the High-Voltage Discharge of Superconducting Magnets

KG 1-4 Breakdown Characteristics and Mechanisms of Cryogenic Liquids

KG2 High Energy Physics Applications - II

KG2-1 Large Aperture Superconducting Magnet (Benkei)

KG2-2 Stress Analysis in a High Field Dipole Magnet Design

KG2-3 Stress Analysis of Superconducting 1OT Magnets for Synchrotron

KG2-4 Alternative Dipole Magnets for Isabelle

KG3 Quench and Propagation

KG3-1 Quench Back in Superconducting Magnets with Shorted Secondary Circuits

KG3-2 A Finite Difference Computer Code for the Simulation of Superconducting Magnets Thermal Behaviour

KG3-3 Flux Jumps in Multifilament Superconducting Composites in a High dB/dt Time Dependent Magnetic Field

KG3-4 Relation Between ac Flux Jumps and Quenches of Superconducting NbTi Wire without Copper Cladding

KG3-6 The Research Normal Zone Propagation in ac Composite Superconductors

KG3-7 Mechanical Disturbances in Superconducting Magnet

KH2 Cryoelectronics - III

KH1-1 MSR - A Magnetically Shielded Room for Ultrasensitive Measurements

KH1-2 Temperature Controlled Mini-Specimen Chamber for use in SQUID-Magnetometers

KH1-3 Characteristics of Temperature Vs Optical Frequency and Transient Heating of Semi-Conductor Laser Element

KH1-6 High-Sensitivity Josephson Logic Gate Using Low ßc Devices

KH1-7 Possibility of Superconducting Exciton Laser

KH2 Cryostat and Superinsulation

KH2-4 Simplified Technique for the Evaluation of Multiple Layer Insulation

KH2-5 Thermal Characteristics of Multilayer Insulation

KH2-6 Nuclear Demagnetization Cryosat for 3He Experiments

KH2-8 Large Dilution Refrigerators

KI1 Cryogenic Thermometry

KI1-1 Thermometry in the mK Region Using the Proximity Effect

KI1-2 A Glass Capacitance Thermometer for Use at mK Temperature Range

KI1-3 RS-11-1/4W Composite Carbon Resistors as Low Temperature Thermometers

KI1-6 Germanium Resistance Thermometers - Conditions Which Affect their Precision

KI2 Cryotechnology - I

KI2-1 Optical Constants and Thermal Radiative Properties of H2O and CO2 Cryodeposits

KI2-2 Performance Test of New Re-Condensing Type Cooling System Designed for Fatigue Testing Machine at Liquid Helium Temperature

KI2-3 New Apparatus for Instrumented Charpy Impact Test at Cryogenic Temperatures

KI2-5 Cryopumps and Cryogenics Systems of Prototype Injector Unit for JT-60

KI2-6 Calibration System of Head Type Flow Meter in Cryogenic Temperature

LB Dilution Refrigeration

LB-1 Studies of 4He-Circulating Dilution Refrigerator

LB-3 New Flow Phenomena in 3He-4He II Mixtures and their Implications for the Performance of Dilution Refrigerators

LB-4 Fully Portable, Highly Flexible Dilution Refrigerator Systems for Neutron Scattering

LD High Field Magnets

LD-1 Development of Medium-Sized Multifilamentary Nb3Sn Superconducting Coil Producing High Magnetic Field of 12 Tesla

LD-2 An Additional Technique of 'Wind and React' Method

LD-3 Large Scale High Field Test Facility at ETL

LD-4 Development of a Large Scale High Field Superconducting Magnet by Nb3Sn Superconductor

LE Cryotechnology - II

LE-1 Development of Cryogenic Liquid Level Guage

LE-2 A Preliminary Report on the Evaluation of Selected Ultrasonic and Gyroscopic Flowmeters at Cryogenic Temperatures

LE-3 Cryogenic Pipe Freezing - A Research to Determine the Basic Mechanisms of Plug Formation

LE-4 Measurement of Superconductivity Under High Pressure

MA Medical Applications

MA-1 Aspects of the Design of NMR Magnets for Analysis and Imaging

MA-2 A Superconducting Magnet for Whole Body NMR-Imaging

MA-3 Simple Instruments for Cryosurgery

MA-4 Some Designing and Technical Features of the Special Cryo-Surgical Apparatus

MC LNG and Safety

MC-1 Cold Utilization of LNG In Japan

MC-2 Latest Developments in Cryogenic Safety

MC-3 Cooling Pipeline Components to Operating Temperatures with LNG

MC-4 The World-Biggest LNG Inground Storage Tank; its Construction and System

MC-5 A Power Generating Plant by LNG Cold Energy

MD ac Losses

MD-1 Thermal Stabilization of Superconducting Devices

MD-2 Transverse Field Loss of a Twisted Multifilamentary Round Wire in Windings of Superconducting Magnets

MD-3 Self Field Losses in Superconducting Circular Wires

MD-4 Decay-Time Constant of Induced Current in Fine Multifilamentary Superconductors

MD-5 Coupling Loss in Normal Metal Core of Multitilamentary Superconducting Wire

ME Magnets for Energy Storage

ME-1 Cryogenic Aspects of Inductor-Converter Superconductive Magnetic Energy Storage

ME-2 The superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage System and its Control Methods

ME-3 Design Study of Intermediate Superconductive Energy Storage

ME-4 Design of a Three PHase Thermally Switched 25 kA 1.5 kW Superconducting Rectifier-Fluxpump

ME-5 Power System Stabilization by Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage - Experiments Using Power System Model

NA Cryocoolers

NA-1 Prospects for Small Cryocoolers

NA-3 Far-Infrared Detector Cooling for Fusion Research

NA-4 A Hybrid Cryogenic Cooling System for an Extended Life-Time IR-Space Telescope

NA-5 Electrically Insulated Thermal Joint for IRAS Focal Plane Assembly

NC Fluid Flow and Instability

NC-1 Selected Thermodynamic and Fluid Flow Data from the Space Shuttle Liquid Oxygen Servicing System

NC-2 Flows through Sequential Orifices with Heated Spacer Reservoirs

NC-3 Laser Doppler Anemometry Applied to Boundary Layer Flows in Cryogenic Fields

NC-5 Local Theory of Thermo-Acoustic Phenomena: Inviscid Case

NC-6 Evaporation Instabilities in Cryogenic Liquids, and the Solution of Water and Carbon Dioxide in Liquid Nitrogen

NE Quench and Monitor

NE-1 Diagnostic Requirements and Mechanical Disturbances in Superconducting Magnets

NE-2 Simulation of the Quenching of an Internally Cooled Superconducting Magnet

NE-3 Experimental Investigation of the Quench Dynamic Process of the Close-Packed Superconducting Magnets

NE-4 An Acoustic Monitoring Method for Superconducting Magnet

NE-5 An Acoustic Emission Technique to Localize Mechanical Disturbances in Superconducting Magnets

OA Plenary Session

OA Large Cryogenic Systems of the Energy Doubler


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© Butterworth-Heinemann 1982
1st January 1982
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About the Editors

K. Yasukochi

K. Yasukochi

H. Nagano

H. Nagano

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