Problems and Solutions in Structural Geology and Tectonics

Problems and Solutions in Structural Geology and Tectonics

1st Edition - February 26, 2019

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  • Editors: Andrea Billi, Ake Fagereng
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128140499
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128140482

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Description

Problems and Solutions in Structural Geology and Tectonics, Volume 5, in the series Developments in Structural Geology and Tectonics, presents students, researchers and practitioners with an all-new set of problems and solutions that structural geologists and tectonics researchers commonly face. Topics covered include ductile deformation (such as strain analyses), brittle deformation (such as rock fracturing), brittle-ductile deformation, collisional and shortening tectonics, thrust-related exercises, rift and extensional tectonics, strike slip tectonics, and cross-section balancing exercises. The book provides a how-to guide for students of structural geology and geologists working in the oil, gas and mining industries.

Key Features

  • Provides practical solutions to industry-related issues, such as well bore stability
  • Allows for self-study and includes background information and explanation of research and industry jargon
  • Includes full color diagrams to explain 3D issues

Readership

Both Graduate and Postgraduate students, and professional geoscientists, especially those who are working on structural geology and tectonics (i.e. petroleum geologists, mining industry professionals, etc.)

Table of Contents

  • Integrating Observation and Interpretation to Understand Tectonics, Past and Present
    1. Cross-section construction and balancing: examples from the Spanish Pyrenees
    Berta Lopez-Mir
    2. Techniques for describing the structural geology of cratonic fault and fold zones
    Mark Joseph Abolins
    3. Using geodesy data in structural geology
    Beth Pratt-Sitaula, Phillip Griffith Resor and Donna Charlevoix
    4. What do earthquake magnitudes mean? Example of the Kaikoura, New Zealand, 2016 event
    Ake Fagereng

    Relating Observed Deformation to Stress and/or Strain History
    5. Fluid pressure effects on deformation - Analysis of the Lusi Mud Volcano
    Ake Fagereng and Virginia Toy
    6. Using Length/Throw ratio to assess the fitness of a fault framework interpretation
    Christopher David Walker and Jonathan C. Evenick
    7. Pure Shear Kinematics
    Soumyajit Mukherjee
    8. Strain Analysis
    Kieran Mulchrone
    9. Unfolding veined fold limbs to deduce a basin’s prefolding state of stress
    Manuel Sintubin and Koen Van Noten

    Observations and Interpretations in Fieldwork and Hand Specimens
    10. Recognition of structures in mid-crustal shear zones and how to discern between them
    Eugenio Fazio
    11. Early or late structures in thermogene travertines? Open-air lessons across Rome to focus on and answer this question
    Andrea Billi and Gianluca Vignaroli
    12. Characterizing Specimens from the Mid-Atlantic Appalachians in a Wilson Cycle Framework
    Steven J. Whitmeyer and Lynn S. Fichtels
    13. Integrating Structural and Stratigraphic Field Data to Build a Tectonic Model for the Mid-Atlantic Appalachian Orogenic Cycle
    Steven J. Whitmeyer and Lynn S. Fichtels

    Adding Modern Methods to Field Geology
    14. From GoogleEarth to 3-D Geology Problem 1: Understanding structures and generating geological maps using GoogleEarth
    Christoph von Hagke, Florian Wellmann and Janos L. Urai
    15. From GoogleEarth to 3-D Geology Problem 2: Seeing below the surface of the Digital Earth
    Florian Wellmann, Christoph von Hagke, Alexander Schaaf and Miguel de la Varga
    16. Structural interpretation of remote sensing images
    Swagato Dasgupta and Soumyajit Mukherjee

    Geophysical and Structural Techniques in Petroleum Geoscience and Borehole Projects
    17. Understanding reservoir compartmentalization using Shale Gouge Ratio
    Christopher David Walker and Jonathan C. Evenick
    18. How fault displacement patterns can be applied to investigate trap integrity
    Christopher David Walker and Jonathan C. Evenick
    19. A numerical study of epithermal neutron log and application of image log
    Swagato Dasgupta, Troyee Dasgupta and Soumyajit Mukherjee

    Novel Integration of Mathematical Methods, Computer Science, and Structural Geology
    20. Boolean logic in Fluid Flow
    Soumyajit Mukherjee
    21. Using Graph Theory to represent Fracture Networks
    Soumyajit Mukherjee
    22. Synthesis of folds in 3D with Bezier surface
    Manash Pratim Gogoi and Soumyajit Mukherjee

Product details

  • No. of pages: 316
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2019
  • Published: February 26, 2019
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128140499
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128140482

About the Series Volume Editors

Andrea Billi

Andrea Billi, PhD, is a Senior Scientist (Primo Ricercatore) in geology at the National Research Council (CNR-IGAG) of Rome, Italy. He received his Ph.D. degree in Geodynamics from Roma Tre University of Rome in 2001 and a M. Geology degree in 1994 from Sapienza University of Rome. Dr. Billi is a versatile structural geologist and tectonician focusing on research fields as diverse as fault zone architecture, seismic faults, regional geodynamics, tsunamis, travertines, and hydrothermalism (www.andreabilli.com). He has been serving for years in the Editorial Boards of the Journal of Structural Geology and Frontiers in Earth Science. His research and editorial experience spans almost 20 years. He has authored about 70 scientific papers and revised, as reviewer or editor, more than 200 papers for more than 30 scientific journals. He has received multiple mention awards for excellence in reviewing from journals such as Tectonics and Journal of Structural Geology. He presently teaches Brittle Structural Geology at the M. Course of Sapienza University of Rome.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Scientist in geology, National Research Council (CNR-IGAG), Rome, Italy

Ake Fagereng

Ake Fagereng, PhD, is a Lecturer in Structural Geology at Cardiff University, U.K. He received his PhD in geology from Otago University, New Zealand in 2010, and went on to a position as Lecturer and then Senior Lecturer at the University of Cape Town, South Africa. Since 2014 he has been a Lecturer in Structural Geology in the School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, U.K. He still holds a position as Honorary Research Associate at UCT, spending time doing fieldwork and supervising students in Southern Africa. He has taught structural geology and tectonics at all levels from year 1 undergraduate to graduate level. He has edited a book, Geology of the Earthquake Source, for the Geological Society of London, is a regular reviewer for numerous international journals, and an Associate Editor for Geophysical Research Letters. He has published 39 papers in international, peer reviewed journals, and was awarded the Outstanding Young Scientist Award of the EGU Tectonics and Structural Geology Division in 2016.

Affiliations and Expertise

Lecturer in Structural Geology, Cardiff University, UK

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