Printed Films

Printed Films

Materials Science and Applications in Sensors, Electronics and Photonics

1st Edition - August 30, 2012

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  • Editors: Maria Prudenziati, Jacob Hormadaly
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081016572
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096210

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Whilst printed films are currently used in varied devices across a wide range of fields, research into their development and properties is increasingly uncovering even greater potential. Printed films provides comprehensive coverage of the most significant recent developments in printed films and their applications.Materials and properties of printed films are the focus of part one, beginning with a review of the concepts, technologies and materials involved in their production and use. Printed films as electrical components and silicon metallization for solar cells are discussed, as are conduction mechanisms in printed film resistors, and thick films in packaging and microelectronics. Part two goes on to review the varied applications of printed films in devices. Printed resistive sensors are considered, as is the role of printed films in capacitive, piezoelectric and pyroelectric sensors, mechanical micro-systems and gas sensors. The applications of printed films in biosensors, actuators, heater elements, varistors and polymer solar cells are then explored, followed by a review of screen printing for the fabrication of solid oxide fuel cells and laser printed micro- and meso-scale power generating devices.With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Printed films is a key text for anyone working in such fields as microelectronics, fuel cell and sensor technology in both industry and academia.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive analysis of the most significant recent developments in printed films and their applications
  • Reviews the concepts, properties, technologies and materials involved in the production and use of printed films
  • Analyses the varied applications of printed films in devices, including printed restrictive sensors for physical quantities and printed thick film mechanical micro-systems (MEMS), among others


Research and materials scientists, physicists and engineers working in the fields of sensors, actuators, packaging and printed circuits, electronic manufacturers, design engineers

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials



    Part I: Materials and properties of printed films

    Chapter 1: Technologies for printed films


    1.1 Introduction: printed films in microelectronics

    1.2 From thick-films and hybrids to printed electronics

    1.3 Other systems

    1.4 Conclusion

    Chapter 2: Materials for printed films


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Active phases

    2.3 Deposition medium – vehicle

    2.4 Glasses and glass ceramics

    2.5 Substrates

    2.6 Conclusion

    Chapter 3: Materials Science concepts for printed films


    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Interactions of conducting materials with the organic vehicle at room temperature

    3.3 Redox reactions

    3.4 Chemical diffusion-related interactions during the firing cycle

    3.5 Sintering, grain growth and Ostwald ripening

    3.6 Reactivity interactions in other systems

    3.7 The Kirkendall effect

    3.8 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 4: Properties of printed films as electrical components and metallization of solar cells


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Thick-film resistors

    4.3 Conductors

    4.4 Dielectrics

    Chapter 5: Conduction mechanisms in printed thick-film resistors


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Current understanding of the conduction mechanism in thick-film resistors

    5.3 Conclusion and future trends

    Chapter 6: Multilayer low-temperature co-fired ceramic systems incorporating a thick-film printing process


    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Low-temperature co-fired ceramics (LTCC) compositions

    6.3 LTCC manufacturing methods

    6.4 An overview of LTCC applications

    6.5 Future trends

    6.6 Sources of further information

    Part II: Applications of printed films in devices

    Chapter 7: Printed resistive sensors for physical quantities


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Temperature sensors

    7.3 Piezoresistive properties and related sensors

    7.4 Magnetoresistive effects and sensors

    7.5 Radiant sensors

    7.6 Potentiometric sensors

    7.7 Conclusion and future trends

    Chapter 8: Printed thick-film capacitive sensors


    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 General concepts

    8.3 Configurations and technologies

    8.4 Capacitive sensing based on geometrical variations

    8.5 Capacitive sensing based on permittivity variations

    8.6 Examples of devices and their applications

    8.7 Conclusion and future trends

    8.8 Sources of further information

    Chapter 9: Printed thick-film piezoelectric and pyroelectric sensors


    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Piezoelectricity, pyroelectricity and ferroelectricity

    9.3 Basic theory and relationships of the piezoelectric effect

    9.4 Thick-films based on ferroelectric inorganic compounds

    9.5 Piezoelectric sensors

    9.6 Pyroelectric sensors

    9.7 Future trends

    9.8 Sources of further information

    9.9 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 10: Printed thick-film mechanical microsystems (MEMS)


    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Printed films with silicon MEMS

    10.3 Printed films with ceramic MEMS

    10.4 Conclusion and future trends

    Chapter 11: Printed semiconducting gas sensors


    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Principles of operation and modeling

    11.3 Functional materials

    11.4 Morphological, structural and electrical properties

    11.5 Applications

    11.6 Future trends

    11.7 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 12: Printed gas sensors based on electrolytes


    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Solid electrolytes

    12.3 Potentiometric sensors

    12.4 Thermodynamically controlled sensors

    12.5 Sensors controlled by both thermodynamics and kinetics

    12.6 Amperometric sensors

    12.7 NOx sensing device, associating upstream oxygen pumping with potentiometric and amperometric operating principles

    12.8 Conclusion and possible future trends

    Chapter 13: Printed thick-film biosensors


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Pharmaceutical and medical applications of thick-film biosensors

    13.3 Environmental applications of screen-printed electrodes

    13.4 Conclusions

    13.6 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 14: Printed actuators


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Films as actuators

    14.3 Actuation mechanisms

    14.4 Piezoelectric actuators

    14.5 Piezoelectric actuator fabrication

    14.6 Processing–properties–microstructure interrelationship

    14.7 Conclusion and future trends

    Chapter 15: Printed heater elements


    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Materials for heater fabrication

    15.3 Heater designs

    15.4 Heaters for sensor and actuator applications

    15.5 Conclusion

    Chapter 16: Screen-printing for the fabrication of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)


    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Fuel cells: principle, types and challenges (Hoogers, 2003; Larminie, 2000)

    16.3 Electrolytes

    16.4 Electrodes

    16.5 Single-chamber SOFCs

    16.6 Micro single-chamber SOFCs

    16.7 Conclusion and trends

    Chapter 17: Printed varistors


    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 The varistor action

    17.3 Composition, preparation and microstructure of ceramic ZnO-based varistors

    17.4 Printing process in varistors fabrication

    17.5 Multilayer varistors

    17.6 Screen-printed and fired thick-film varistors

    17.7 Progress in the development of ZnO-based thick-films and tape-casted varistors

    17.8 Microstructural and electrical characterization of ZnO-based varistors prepared by screen printing and tape casting

    17.9 Conclusion

    17.10 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 18: Laser-printed micro- and meso-scale power generating devices


    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Background to laser-induced forward transfer (LIFT)

    18.3 Laser transfer of complex rheological systems

    18.4 Laser-printed micro-power sources

    18.5 Laser-printed embedded micro-power sources

    18.6 Challenges and opportunities

    18.7 Conclusion and future trends

    18.8 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 19: Printed polymer solar cells


    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Printing and coating methods

    19.3 Manufacturing methods for complete polymer solar cells

    19.4 Applications and demonstrations of polymer solar cells

    19.5 Conclusions and future trends

    19.6 Acknowledgements


Product details

  • No. of pages: 608
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: August 30, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081016572
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096210

About the Editors

Maria Prudenziati

Maria Prudenziati is Professor of Applied Electronics at the University of Modena, Italy.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Modena, Physics Department, Modena, Italy

Jacob Hormadaly

Jacob Hormadaly is Director of the Zandman Center for thick-film microelectronics, at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel.

Affiliations and Expertise

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

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