Principles of Zoological Micropalaeontology

Principles of Zoological Micropalaeontology

International Series of Monographs on Earth Sciences, Vol. 1

1st Edition - January 1, 1963

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  • Author: Vladimir Pokorný
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222691

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Description

Earth Sciences, Volume X: Principles of Zoological Micropalaeontology highlights the morphological, phylogenetic and ecological analysis of microfossils. This book is composed of 10 chapters that survey the most important microfossil taxa, their variety of form, evolution, relationships, and distribution. The opening chapter provides an introduction to the historical development of micropalaeontology. The succeeding chapters present the procedures for the collection, preparation, and microstratigraphic analysis of microfossils. The remaining chapters discuss the morphological, ecological, and phylogenetic properties of Radiolaria, Thekamoebae, Foraminifera, Tintinnina, Incertae sedis, Chitinozoa, and Hystrichosphere microfossils. This book is intended as a textbook and as a manual for practicing micropalaeontologists.

Table of Contents


  • Foreword

    Preface to English Edition

    1. Micropalaeontology and Microstratigraphy (Basic Terms and Short Survey of History)

    Micropalaeontology

    Differentiation of Micro- from Macropalaeontology

    Microstratigraphy

    Short Survey of the Historical Development of Micropalaeontology

    2. The Collection, Preparation and Study of Microfossils

    Sampling

    Sampling from Natural and Artificial Exposures

    Sampling by Drilling

    Packaging of Samples

    Treatment of Samples

    (a) Methods Used in Practice

    (b) Special Methods for the Scientific Study of Microfossils

    Preparation of Transparent Microfossils for Observation and Photography in Incident Light

    (a) The Ammonium Chloride Method

    (b) Silvering

    (c) Heating of Transparent Calcareous Microfossils

    Production of Artificial Moulds (Infillings)

    Orientated Thin Sections of Microfossils

    Production of Cross-Fractures in Ostracod Valves

    Etching

    Preparation of Collodion Impressions of Sections of Large Foraminifera

    The Use of the Polarizing Microscope

    Electron Microscopy

    X-rays and Spectroscopy

    Drawing and Photography of Microfossils

    Determination of Microfossils

    3. Microstratigraphical Methods

    General

    Microstratigraphical Correlation of Strata

    Intraregional Correlation of Strata

    Interregional Correlation of Strata

    4. Class Radiolaria Müller 1858

    Diagnosis

    Morphology of the Soft Parts

    Skeleton

    Reproduction

    Ecology

    Phylogeny

    The Facies of Fossil Radiolarian Sediments

    Geographical and Palaeogeographical Distribution of Radiolarites and Radiolaria

    Historical Development of Radiolarian Assemblages

    Classification

    Appendix

    5. Thekamoebae

    Test

    Reproduction

    Ecology

    Taxonomy

    Geological Distribution of Thekamoebae

    6. Order: Foraminifera d’Orbigny 1829

    Definition

    The Shape of the Test

    Building Material and Structure of Test Wall

    (a) Tectinous Test

    (b) Agglutinated Test

    (c) Siliceous Test

    (d) Calcium Carbonate Test

    (e) Perforate and Imperforate Tests

    Orientation of the Foraminiferal Test

    Morphology of the Components of the Test

    (a) Proloculus

    (b) Post-Embryonic Chambers

    (c) Septa and Sutures

    (d) Aperture

    (e) Complications of the Wall and Chamber Structure

    (f) Canal System

    (g) Ornamentation

    Terminology for the Dimensions of the Tests and their Parts

    Reproduction

    (a) Cyclic Processes of Reproduction

    (b) Acyclic Reproduction Processes

    Growth of the Test

    Ecology of Living Foraminifera

    (a) Ecology of Recent Benthonic Foraminifera

    (b) Ecology of Recent Planktonic Foraminifera

    Palaeoecology

    Description of Foraminifera

    Principles of a Natural System of Classification

    (a) Structural Pattern

    Taxonomy

    Geological Distribution of Foraminifera

    Cambrian

    Ordovician and Silurian

    Devonian

    Carboniferous and Permian

    Triassic

    Jurassic

    Lower Cretaceous

    Upper Cretaceous

    Late Upper Cretaceous and the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary

    Tertiary

    History of Foraminiferal Research

    Glossary of the Most Important Scientific Terms Used in Describing Foraminifera: English—French—German—Russian

    7. Tintinnina

    Description

    Variability

    Ecology of Recent Tintinnina

    Classification

    Stratigraphical and Palaeogeographical Distribution

    History of Research

    8. Incertae sedis; Pithonella, Stomtosphaera, Cadosina, Oligostegina, Spheres

    (a) Pithonella

    (b) Stomiosphaera

    (c) Cadosina 488

    (d) Oligostegina

    (e) Spheres

    9. Chitinozoa Eisenack 1931

    Morphology

    Composition of the Wall

    Systematic Position

    Reproduction

    Ecology

    Stratigraphical and Geographical Distribution

    Classification

    10. Hystrichospheres and Similar Micro-organisms

    Description

    Systematic Position of the Hystrichospheres

    Ecology

    Geological Distribution

    History of Research

    Classification

    Microfossils Incertae sedis Preserved as Organic Matter in Flint

    Addendum

    Bibliography

    Fossil Index

    Subject Index

    Author Index

    Postscript


Product details

  • No. of pages: 668
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1963
  • Published: January 1, 1963
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222691

About the Author

Vladimir Pokorný

About the Editor

John W. Neale

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