Principles of Zoological Micropalaeontology

Principles of Zoological Micropalaeontology

International Series of Monographs on Earth Sciences

1st Edition - January 1, 1965

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  • Editor: John W. Neale
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483156033

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Description

Principles of Zoological Micropalaeontology, Volume II focuses on the study of microfossils. The book first discusses the nature and characteristics of sponges, including the morphology and main groups of sponge spicules, modifications of the shape of sponge spicules, and arrangement of skeletal elements. The text also looks at octocorals and scolecodonts. The taxonomic relationships of the melanoscleritoids; anatomy of the anterior part of the digestive system tract of polychaeta; and classification of scolecodonts are described. The selection also touches on conodonts. Topics include morphology; phylogeny of lamellar conodonts; and geological distribution of conodonts and their value in correlation. The text also examines ostracoda and echinodermata, including reproduction, sexual dimorphism, ecology of ostracods, and skeletal elements of crinoidea, echinoidea, and holothuroidea. The book also discusses otoliths. Topics include nomenclature and morphology of otoliths; geological distribution and value of otoliths, and history of research. The text is a good source of information for readers interested in fossils.

Table of Contents


  • Contents

    Preface to the English Edition

    11. Porifera Grant 1872

    Sponges

    General Morphology and the Main Groups of Sponge Spicules

    Main Modifications of the Basic Shape of Sponge Spicules

    (a) Monaxons

    (b) Triactines

    (c) Triaxons

    (d) Tetraxons

    (e) Polyaxons

    (f) Small Anaxial and Polyaxial Spicules

    Arrangement of Skeletal Elements

    Main Or Supporting Skeleton

    Cortical Or Surface Skeleton

    Root Skeleton

    Topographical Classification of Spicules

    Ecology

    History of Research

    Classification

    12. Octocorallia Haeckel 1886

    Appendix: Melanoscleritoids

    Diagnosis

    Description

    Taxonomic Relationships of the Melanoscleritoids

    Classification

    13. Scolecodonta — Scolecodonts

    Anatomy of the Anterior Part of the Digestive Tract of Recent Polychaeta

    Fossil Scolecodonts

    Classification of Scolecodonts

    Geological Distribution of Scolecodonts

    History of Research

    14. Conodonts

    Morphology

    (a) Morphology of Lamellar Conodonts

    (b) Morphology of The Fibrous Conodonts

    Relationships of The Conodonts

    Ecology of Conodont-Bearing Animals

    Phylogeny of Lamellar Conodonts

    Classification of Conodonts

    A. Artificial Classification

    B. Natural Genera

    Geological Distribution of Conodonts and Their Importance in Correlation

    15 Ostracoda

    Definition

    Soft Parts of the Body

    Reproduction

    Morphology

    (a) General Morphology of the Carapace

    (b) Detailed Morphology of the Valves

    Ornamentation

    Sexual Dimorphism

    Ontogeny and Morphology of the Carapace

    Orientation of the Carapace

    The Ecology of Ostracods

    (A) Ecology of Marine Ostracods

    (B) Ecology of Fresh-Water Ostracods

    Ostracod Nutrition

    Systematic Description of Ostracods

    The Origin of Ostracods

    Phylogenetical Evolution of Ostracods

    Classification

    Taxonomic Survey

    Order Leperditiida

    Order Beyrichiida

    Order Podocopida

    Suborder Platycopa

    Suborder Podocopa

    Order Myodocopida

    Suborder Myodocopa

    Suborder Cladocopa

    Geological Distribution

    Glossary of Terms Used In Describing The Morphology of Ostracods: French-German-Russian Equivalents

    16. Echinodermata

    Skeletal Elements of Crinoidea (Sea Lilies)

    Columnalia S. 1

    Apicalia

    Facetalia

    Polygonalia

    Tegminalia

    Pinnata

    Lombardia and Eothrix

    Skeletal Elements of Asteroidea (Starfish)

    Terminology For The Orientation of Skeletal Parts

    General Morphology of The Starfish Skeleton

    Morphology of The Skeletal Elements

    Ambulacralia

    Circumoralia

    Adambulacralia

    Mouth-Angle Plates

    Marginalia (Marginal Plates)

    Terminalia (Ocular Plates)

    Intermediate Or Cover Plates (Ventro-Laterals and Apical Plates

    The Skeletal Elements of Ophiuroidea (Brittle Stars)

    The Skeletal Elements of Echinoidea (Sea Urchins)

    Skeletal Remains of Holothuroidea (Sea Cucumbers)

    General Characteristics

    Skeleton

    Classification

    Ecology

    Stratigraphical Distribution

    Larval Echinoderm Skeletons

    17. Class Ascidiacea

    18. Otoliths ("Hearing Stones")

    Structure of The Stato-Acoustic Organ of Fishes

    Morphology of Otoliths

    Phylogenetic Significance of Otoliths In the Teleostei and the Evidence of Fossil Fish Faunas

    Nomenclature of Otoliths

    Geological Distribution and Significance of Otoliths

    History of Research

    References

    To Chapter 11. Porifera

    To Chapter 12. Octocorallia

    To Chapter 13. Scolecodonts

    To Chapter 14. Conodonts

    To Chapter 15. Ostracoda

    To Chapter 16. Echinodermata

    To Chapter 17. Ascidiacea

    To Chapter 18. Otoliths

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 476
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1965
  • Published: January 1, 1965
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483156033

About the Editor

John W. Neale

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