Principles of Water Quality - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780127308609, 9780323156899

Principles of Water Quality

1st Edition

Authors: Thomas Waite
eBook ISBN: 9780323156899
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 12th September 1984
Page Count: 302
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Description

Principles of Water Quality presents the fundamental environmental processes that regulate the movement of materials in natural systems. This book is composed of 10 chapters that cover the chemical and microbiological processes that are operative on organic and inorganic constituents in water.
This text deals first with water quality concepts, the development of criteria for water quality, and the determination of various contaminants' threshold levels that can be regulated by imposed standards. These topics are followed by descriptions of natural environmental processes, which include fundamental ecological principles and energy transfer in ecosystems resulting in species stability. The subsequent chapters are devoted to the organic and inorganic constituents that have become water quality problems, including toxic metals, inorganic nutrients, refractory organic compounds, and microorganisms. The discussion then shifts to the environmental impact of heated effluent discharges. The last three chapters focus on water quality modeling, standards, and management methods. These chapters also provide case studies using the phosphorus and the longitudinal dispersion models.
This book is of value to advanced undergraduate or graduate students in environmental engineering and science, as well as in health-related disciplines.

Table of Contents


Preface

1. Introduction to Water Quality Concepts

I. The Need for Water Quality Studies

II. Water Quality Problems

III. An Approach to Developing Water Quality

Standards

References

2. Natural Environmental Processes

I. Introduction

II. Energy Transfer in Ecosystems

III. Ecological Succession

IV. The Dynamics of Organic Carbon

V. The Dissolved Oxygen System

VI. Conclusion

References

3. Toxic Metals and Water Quality

I. Introduction

II. Properties and Behavior of Toxic Metals

III. Chemical and Biological Alterations of Toxic Metals

IV. Setting Water Quality Standards for Toxic Metals

V. Conclusion

References

4. Refractory Organic Compounds and Water Quality

I. Introduction

II. Health Effects

III. Pesticides and Water Quality

IV. Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Water Quality

V. Detergents

VI. Polychlorinated Biphenols

VII. Humic Substances

References

5. Nutrients, Productivity, and Eutrophication

I. Introduction

II. The Carbon Cycle

III. The Nitrogen Cycle

IV. The Phosphorus Cycle

V. The Sulfur Cycle

VI. Micronutrients and Productivity

VII. Plant Growth and Eutrophication

References

6. Microorganisms and Water Quality

I. Introduction

II. Eucaryotes

III. Procaryotes

IV. The Ecology of Microorganisms

V. Microorganisms and Public Health

References

7. Thermal Effects on Water Quality

I. Introduction

II. Sources of Heated Effluents

III. Temperature Effects on Biological Systems

IV. Beneficial Uses of Thermal Discharges

References

8. Potential Impact of Air Contaminants on Water Quality

I. Introduction

II. Review Of Previous Studies

III. Basic Data

IV. Wet and Dry Deposition

V. Total Deposition

VI. Conclusion

References

9. Water Quality Modeling

I. Introduction

II. Material Transport

III. Model Development

IV. Case Study: The Phosphorus Model

V. Case Study: Longitudinal Dispersion

References

10. Water Quality Standards and Management Approaches

I. Introduction

II. Setting Water Quality Standards for Different Water Uses

III. Water Quality Degradation from Land Use Practices

IV. Water Quality Control Measures

References

Index




Details

No. of pages:
302
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1984
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323156899

About the Author

Thomas Waite