Principles of Training

Principles of Training

The Commonwealth and International Library: Psychology Division

1st Edition - January 1, 1965

Write a review

  • Author: D. H. Holding
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483160078

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (PDF)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order

Description

Principles of Training provides insight into the different variables presented by training tasks. It presents a wide sample of experimental data to reveal to the intending practitioner of training—whether in industry, in sport, in the defense services or other fields—that awareness of experimental findings must be paralleled by competence in analyzing tasks in order to determine how and where any particular principles may reasonably be applied. The book begins with an introductory chapter on the evaluation of training, experiments on training, limitations of training, and training problems. This is followed by separate chapters that discuss how trainers can influence the course of learning by manipulating knowledge of results; methods for minimizing errors in early learning; visual training methods; the use of words and actions in training; and the importance of practice in learning. Subsequent chapters cover the transfer of training; automatic teaching, or ""programmed instruction""; and recommendations for trainers.

Table of Contents


  • Editor's Foreword

    1. Introduction

    Evaluation of Training

    Experiments on Training

    Limitations of Training

    Training Problems

    Types of Task

    Skilled Behavior

    2. Knowledge of Results

    Removing Feedback

    Action and Learning Feedback

    Information and Incentive

    A Classification

    Intrinsic or Artificial

    Concurrent or Terminal

    Immediate or Delayed

    Verbal or Non-Verbal

    Separate or Accumulated

    Summary

    3. Guidance

    Restricting Alternatives

    Types of Guidance

    Animal Work

    Human Maze Learning

    Mazes and Forced-Response

    Adjustive Skills

    Graded Movements

    Knowledge of Alternatives

    Summary

    4. Visual Methods

    Visual Guidance

    Changes in Display

    Visual Magnification

    Imitation

    Static Visual Aids

    Moving Films

    Summary

    5. Words and Actions

    Verbal and Motor Learning

    Verbal and Motor Behavior

    Instructions

    Pre-differentiation

    Verbal Pre-training

    Verbal Guidance and Hints

    Summary

    6. Practice

    Learning Curves

    Speed and Accuracy

    Part and Whole Methods

    Progression

    Massed and Spaced Practice

    Residual Effects

    Mental Practice

    Summary

    7. Transfer of Training

    Sameness and Difference

    Relations between Tasks

    Negative Transfer

    Long-Term Effects

    Task Difficulty

    Transfer of Principles

    Summary

    8. Programmed Learning

    Teaching Machines

    Motor Learning

    Linear Programs

    Program Characteristics

    Branching Programs

    Comparison of Methods

    Evaluation

    Summary

    9. Recommendations

    General

    Specific

    Further Reading

    References and Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 172
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1965
  • Published: January 1, 1965
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483160078

About the Author

D. H. Holding

About the Editor

G. P. Meredith

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Principles of Training"