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Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy provides an in-depth coverage and impartial assessment of all current ideas and models in the field of sequence stratigraphy. This textbook thoroughly develops fundamental concepts of sequence stratigraphy that links base-level changes to sedimentary deposits. It examines differing approaches to how the sequence stratigraphic method can be applied to the rock record, and reviews practical applications such as how petroleum geologists can target where to drill for oil. The book's balanced approach helps students acquire a common terminology and conceptual understanding that will be helpful later in their academic and professional careers, whether they pursue jobs as geologists, geophysicists, or reservoir engineers.
This textbook offers theoretical guidelines of how the facies and time relationships are expected to be under specific circumstances such as subsidence patterns, sediment supply, topographic gradients, etc. It goes beyond the standard treatment of sequence stratigraphy by focusing on a more user-friendly and flexible method of analysis of the sedimentary rock record than other current methods. The text is richly illustrated with dozens of full color photographs and original illustrations of outcrop, core, well log, and 3D seismic data. There is a dedicated chapter on discussions and conclusions, along with an instructor site containing images from the book.
Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy will appeal to researchers and professionals, as well as upper graduate and graduate students in stratigraphy, sedimentology, petroleum peology and engineering, economic geology, coal geology, seismic exploration, precambrian geology, and mining geology and engineering.
- Offers theoretical guidelines of how the facies and time relationships are expected to be under specific circumstances such as subsidence patterns, sediment supply, topographic gradients, etc.
- Contains numerous high-quality and full-color diagrams, photographs and illustrations, virtually on every aid in comprehension of the subject
- Features a dedicated chapter on discussions and conclusions incorporating all previous chapters with references, basic principles and strategies
- Provides an extensive list of references for further reading, as well as an author and subject index for quick information access
Researchers and professionals Upper graduate and graduate students, as well as upper graduate and graduate students in stratigraphy, sedimentology, petroleum peology and engineering, economic geology, coal geology, seismic exploration, precambrian geology, and mining geology and engineering
Introduction SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY-AN OVERVIEW Sequence Stratigraphy in the Context of Interdisciplinary Research Sequence Stratigraphy-A Revolution in Sedimentary Geology HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY Early Developments Sequence Stratigraphy Era-Eustatic vs. Tectonic Controls on Sedimentation Sequence Models SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHIC APPROACH Terminology Concept of Scale Sequence Stratigraphy vs. Lithostratigraphy and Allostratigraphy
Methods of Sequence Stratigraphic Analysis INTRODUCTION FACIES ANALYSIS: OUTCROPS, CORE, AND MODERN ANALOGUES Concepts of Depositional System, Facies, and Facies Models Classification of Depositional Environments Walther's Law Sedimentary Petrography Paleocurrent Directions Pedology Ichnology General Principles Ichnofacies Classification Softground-related Ichnofacies Substrate-controlled Ichnofacies Discussion WELL LOGS Introduction Well Logs: Geological Uncertainties Constraining Well-log Interpretations SEISMIC DATA Introduction Physical Attributes of Seismic Data Workflow of Seismic Data Analysis Reconnaissance Studies Interval Attribute Maps Horizon Attribute Maps 3D Perspective Visualization AGE DETERMINATION TECHNIQUES WORKFLOW OF SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHIC ANALYSIS Step 1-Tectonic Setting (Type of Sedimentary Basin) Step 2--Paleodepositional Environments Step 3--Sequence Stratigraphic Framework Stratal Terminations Stratigraphic Surfaces Systems Tracts and Sequences
Accommodation and Shoreline Shifts INTRODUCTION ALLOGENIC CONTROLS ON SEDIMENTATION Significance of Allogenic Controls Signatures of Allogenic Controls Relative Importance of Allogenic Controls SEDIMENT SUPPLY AND ENERGY FLUX Sediment Supply Sediment Supply vs. Environmental Energy Flux SEDIMENT ACCOMMODATION Definitions-Accommodation, Base Level, and Fluvial Graded Profiles Proxies for Base Level and Accommodation Changes in Accommodation SHORELINE TRAJECTORIES Definitions Transgressions Forced Regressions Normal Regressions
Stratigraphic Surfaces INTRODUCTION TYPES OF STRATAL TERMINATIONS SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHIC SURFACES Subaerial Unconformity Correlative Conformity Basal Surface of Forced Regression Regressive Surface of Marine Erosion Maximum Regressive Surface Maximum Flooding Surface Transgressive Ravinement Surfaces Wave-Ravinement Surface Tidal-Ravinement Surface WITHIN-TREND FACIES CONTACTS Within-trend Normal Regressive Surface Within-trend Forced Regressive Surface Within-trend Flooding Surface
Systems Tracts INTRODUCTION HIGHSTAND SYSTEMS TRACT Definition and Stacking Patterns Economic Potential Petroleum Plays Coal Resources Placer Deposits FALLING-STAGE SYSTEMS TRACT Definition and Stacking Patterns Economic Potential Petroleum Plays Coal Resources Placer Deposits LOWSTAND SYSTEMS TRACT Definition and Stacking Patterns Economic Potential Petroleum Plays Coal Resources Placer Deposits TRANSGRESSIVE SYSTEMS TRACT Definition and Stacking Patterns Economic Potential Petroleum Plays Coal Resources Placer Deposits REGRESSIVE SYSTEMS TRACT Definition and Stacking Patterns Economic Potential LOW- AND HIGH-ACCOMMODATION SYSTEMS TRACTS Definition and Stacking Patterns Low-Accommodation Systems Tract High-Accommodation Systems Tract Discussion Economic Potential Petroleum Plays Coal Resources Placer Deposits
Sequence Models INTRODUCTION TYPES OF STRATIGRAPHIC SEQUENCES Depositional Sequence Genetic Stratigraphic Sequence Transgressive-Regressive (T-R) Sequence Parasequences SEQUENCES IN FLUVIAL SYSTEMS Introduction Fluvial Cyclicity Controlled by Base-level Changes Fluvial Cyclicity Independent of Base-level Changes Climatic Cycles Tectonic Cycles Low- vs. High-Accommodation Settings SEQUENCES IN COASTAL TO SHALLOW-WATER CLASTIC SYSTEMS Introduction Physical Processes Sediment Supply and Transport Mechanisms Zonation of the Coastal - Shallow-marine Profile Sediment Budget: Fairweather vs. Storm Conditions Cyclicity of Coastal to Shallow-water Systems in Relation to Shoreline Shifts Normal Regressive Settings Forced Regressive Settings Transgressive Settings Summary SEQUENCES IN DEEP-WATER CLASTIC SYSTEMS Introduction Physical Processes Progradation of Shelf-edge Deltas Gravity Flows Depositional Elements Submarine-canyon Fills Turbidity-flow Channel Fills Turbidity-flow Levees and Overbank Sediment Waves Turbidity-flow Splay Complexes Mudflow (Cohesive Debris Flow) Macroforms Cyclicity of Deep-water Systems in Relation to Shoreline Shifts Highstand Normal Regressions Early Forced Regressions Late Forced Regressions Lowstand Normal Regressions Early Transgressions Late Transgressions Summary SEQUENCES IN CARBONATE SYSTEMS Introduction The Carbonate Sequence Stratigraphic Model Drowning Unconformities Highstand Systems Tracts Falling-stage-Lowstand Systems Tracts Transgressive Systems Tracts Discussion: Sequence Boundaries in Carbonate Successions
Time Attributes of Stratigraphic Surfaces INTRODUCTION REFERENCE CURVE FOR THE DEFINITION OF STRATIGRAPHIC SURFACES SHORELINE SHIFTS, GRADING, AND BATHYMETRY Controls on Sediment Grading and Water-depth Changes Discussion METHODS OF DEFINITION OF STRATIGRAPHIC SURFACES Introduction Correlative Conformities Onset-of-fall Correlative Conformity End-of-fall Correlative Conformity Maximum Regressive and Maximum Flooding Surfaces Definition Two-dimensional Model Model Results Strike Variability Discussion SUMMARY: TIME ATTRIBUTES OF STRATIGRAPHIC SURFACES Subaerial Unconformity Correlative Conformity Basal Surface of Forced Regression Regressive Surface of Marine Erosion Maximum Regressive Surface Maximum Flooding Surface Transgressive Ravinement Surfaces Within-trend Facies Contacts Conclusions
Hierarchy of Sequences and Sequence Boundaries INTRODUCTION HIERARCHY SYSTEM BASED ON CYCLE DURATION (BOUNDARY FREQUENCY) HIERARCHY SYSTEM BASED ON THE MAGNITUDE OF BASE-LEVEL CHANGES DISCUSSION
Discussion and Conclusions FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES Scope and Applications The Importance of Shoreline Shifts Theory vs. Reality in Sequence Stratigraphy The Importance of the Tectonic Setting Uses and Abuses in Sequence Stratigraphy PRECAMBRIAN VS. PHANEROZOIC SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY MOVING FORWARD TOWARD STANDARDIZING SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY CONCLUDING REMARKS REFERENCES AUTHOR INDEX Subject index
- No. of pages:
- © Elsevier Science 2006
- 7th April 2006
- Elsevier Science
- Hardcover ISBN:
- eBook ISBN:
University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
"This volume has the best explanation and exploration of sequence stratigraphy yet published. It stands above earlier such books not only because of its outstanding graphics and clear prose, but also because it approaches the topic philosophically, emphasizing the cognitive models as much as the geological....All libraries with geological science programs should have this book, as should all sedimentologists and stratigraphers. Summing Up: Essential. Upper-division undergraduates through professionals." -CHOICE "Outstanding conceptual diagrams and illustrations including color photos of geologic outcrops, well cuttings, cores, well logs, and 3D seismic data are the backbone of this book. I firmly believe that this will be a bestseller in the Earth sciences. I really enjoyed reading this extraordinarily comprehensive text." --THE LEADING EDGE, The Society of Exploration Geophysicists, May 2007 "Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy" is an up-to-date and comprehensive textbook covering both theory and practice of sequence stratigraphy." - Journal of Sedimentary Research, August 2006 "Octavian Catuneanu has written a balanced, well illustrated and up-to-date overview of the various approaches to sequence stratigraphy." - Journal of Sedimentary Research, August 2006
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