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Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444515681, 9780080473987

Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy

1st Edition

Author: Octavian Catuneanu
eBook ISBN: 9780080473987
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444515681
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 7th April 2006
Page Count: 388
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Description

Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy provides an in-depth coverage and impartial assessment of all current ideas and models in the field of sequence stratigraphy. This textbook thoroughly develops fundamental concepts of sequence stratigraphy that links base-level changes to sedimentary deposits. It examines differing approaches to how the sequence stratigraphic method can be applied to the rock record, and reviews practical applications such as how petroleum geologists can target where to drill for oil. The book's balanced approach helps students acquire a common terminology and conceptual understanding that will be helpful later in their academic and professional careers, whether they pursue jobs as geologists, geophysicists, or reservoir engineers.

This textbook offers theoretical guidelines of how the facies and time relationships are expected to be under specific circumstances such as subsidence patterns, sediment supply, topographic gradients, etc. It goes beyond the standard treatment of sequence stratigraphy by focusing on a more user-friendly and flexible method of analysis of the sedimentary rock record than other current methods. The text is richly illustrated with dozens of full color photographs and original illustrations of outcrop, core, well log, and 3D seismic data. There is a dedicated chapter on discussions and conclusions, along with an instructor site containing images from the book.

Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy will appeal to researchers and professionals, as well as upper graduate and graduate students in stratigraphy, sedimentology, petroleum peology and engineering, economic geology, coal geology, seismic exploration, precambrian geology, and mining geology and engineering.

Key Features

  • Offers theoretical guidelines of how the facies and time relationships are expected to be under specific circumstances such as subsidence patterns, sediment supply, topographic gradients, etc.
    * Contains numerous high-quality and full-color diagrams, photographs and illustrations, virtually on every aid in comprehension of the subject
    * Features a dedicated chapter on discussions and conclusions incorporating all previous chapters with references, basic principles and strategies
    * Provides an extensive list of references for further reading, as well as an author and subject index for quick information access

Readership

Researchers and professionals Upper graduate and graduate students, as well as upper graduate and graduate students in stratigraphy, sedimentology, petroleum peology and engineering, economic geology, coal geology, seismic exploration, precambrian geology, and mining geology and engineering

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
    SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY-AN OVERVIEW
    Sequence Stratigraphy in the Context of Interdisciplinary Research
    Sequence Stratigraphy-A Revolution in Sedimentary Geology
    HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY
    Early Developments
    Sequence Stratigraphy Era-Eustatic vs. Tectonic Controls on Sedimentation
    Sequence Models
    SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHIC APPROACH
    Terminology
    Concept of Scale
    Sequence Stratigraphy vs. Lithostratigraphy and Allostratigraphy

    2. Methods of Sequence Stratigraphic Analysis
    INTRODUCTION
    FACIES ANALYSIS: OUTCROPS, CORE, AND MODERN ANALOGUES
    Concepts of Depositional System, Facies, and Facies Models
    Classification of Depositional Environments
    Walther's Law
    Sedimentary Petrography
    Paleocurrent Directions
    Pedology
    Ichnology
    General Principles
    Ichnofacies Classification
    Softground-related Ichnofacies
    Substrate-controlled Ichnofacies
    Discussion
    WELL LOGS
    Introduction
    Well Logs: Geological Uncertainties
    Constraining Well-log Interpretations
    SEISMIC DATA
    Introduction
    Physical Attributes of Seismic Data
    Workflow of Seismic Data Analysis
    Reconnaissance Studies
    Interval Attribute Maps
    Horizon Attribute Maps
    3D Perspective Visualization
    AGE DETERMINATION TECHNIQUES
    WORKFLOW OF SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHIC ANALYSIS
    Step 1-Tectonic Setting (Type of Sedimentary Basin)
    Step 2--Paleodepositional Environments
    Step 3--Sequence Stratigraphic Framework
    Stratal Terminations
    Stratigraphic Surfaces
    Systems Tracts and Sequences

    3. Accommodation and Shoreline Shifts
    INTRODUCTION
    ALLOGENIC CONTROLS ON SEDIMENTATION
    Significance of Allogenic Controls
    Signatures of Allogenic Controls
    Relative Importance of Allogenic Controls
    SEDIMENT SUPPLY AND ENERGY FLUX
    Sediment Supply
    Sediment Supply vs. Environmental Energy Flux
    SEDIMENT ACCOMMODATION
    Definitions-Accommodation, Base Level, and Fluvial Graded Profiles
    Proxies for Base Level and Accommodation
    Changes in Accommodation
    SHORELINE TRAJECTORIES
    Definitions
    Transgressions
    Forced Regressions
    Normal Regressions

    4. Stratigraphic Surfaces
    INTRODUCTION
    TYPES OF STRATAL TERMINATIONS
    SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHIC SURFACES
    Subaerial Unconformity
    Correlative Conformity
    Basal Surface of Forced Regression
    Regressive Surface of Marine Erosion
    Maximum Regressive Surface
    Maximum Flooding Surface
    Transgressive Ravinement Surfaces
    Wave-Ravinement Surface
    Tidal-Ravinement Surface
    WITHIN-TREND FACIES CONTACTS
    Within-trend Normal Regressive Surface
    Within-trend Forced Regressive Surface
    Within-trend Flooding Surface

    5. Systems Tracts
    INTRODUCTION
    HIGHSTAND SYSTEMS TRACT
    Definition and Stacking Patterns
    Economic Potential
    Petroleum Plays
    Coal Resources
    Placer Deposits
    FALLING-STAGE SYSTEMS TRACT
    Definition and Stacking Patterns
    Economic Potential
    Petroleum Plays
    Coal Resources
    Placer Deposits
    LOWSTAND SYSTEMS TRACT
    Definition and Stacking Patterns
    Economic Potential
    Petroleum Plays
    Coal Resources
    Placer Deposits
    TRANSGRESSIVE SYSTEMS TRACT
    Definition and Stacking Patterns
    Economic Potential
    Petroleum Plays
    Coal Resources
    Placer Deposits
    REGRESSIVE SYSTEMS TRACT
    Definition and Stacking Patterns
    Economic Potential
    LOW- AND HIGH-ACCOMMODATION SYSTEMS TRACTS
    Definition and Stacking Patterns
    Low-Accommodation Systems Tract
    High-Accommodation Systems Tract
    Discussion
    Economic Potential
    Petroleum Plays
    Coal Resources
    Placer Deposits

    6. Sequence Models
    INTRODUCTION
    TYPES OF STRATIGRAPHIC SEQUENCES
    Depositional Sequence
    Genetic Stratigraphic Sequence
    Transgressive-Regressive (T-R) Sequence
    Parasequences
    SEQUENCES IN FLUVIAL SYSTEMS
    Introduction
    Fluvial Cyclicity Controlled by Base-level Changes
    Fluvial Cyclicity Independent of Base-level Changes
    Climatic Cycles
    Tectonic Cycles
    Low- vs. High-Accommodation Settings
    SEQUENCES IN COASTAL TO SHALLOW-WATER CLASTIC SYSTEMS
    Introduction
    Physical Processes
    Sediment Supply and Transport Mechanisms
    Zonation of the Coastal - Shallow-marine Profile
    Sediment Budget: Fairweather vs. Storm Conditions
    Cyclicity of Coastal to Shallow-water Systems in Relation to Shoreline Shifts
    Normal Regressive Settings
    Forced Regressive Settings
    Transgressive Settings
    Summary
    SEQUENCES IN DEEP-WATER CLASTIC SYSTEMS
    Introduction
    Physical Processes
    Progradation of Shelf-edge Deltas
    Gravity Flows
    Depositional Elements
    Submarine-canyon Fills
    Turbidity-flow Channel Fills
    Turbidity-flow Levees and Overbank Sediment Waves
    Turbidity-flow Splay Complexes
    Mudflow (Cohesive Debris Flow) Macroforms
    Cyclicity of Deep-water Systems in Relation to Shoreline Shifts
    Highstand Normal Regressions
    Early Forced Regressions
    Late Forced Regressions
    Lowstand Normal Regressions
    Early Transgressions
    Late Transgressions
    Summary
    SEQUENCES IN CARBONATE SYSTEMS
    Introduction
    The Carbonate Sequence Stratigraphic Model
    Drowning Unconformities
    Highstand Systems Tracts
    Falling-stage-Lowstand Systems Tracts
    Transgressive Systems Tracts
    Discussion: Sequence Boundaries in Carbonate Successions

    7. Time Attributes of Stratigraphic Surfaces
    INTRODUCTION
    REFERENCE CURVE FOR THE DEFINITION OF STRATIGRAPHIC SURFACES
    SHORELINE SHIFTS, GRADING, AND BATHYMETRY
    Controls on Sediment Grading and Water-depth Changes
    Discussion
    METHODS OF DEFINITION OF STRATIGRAPHIC SURFACES
    Introduction
    Correlative Conformities
    Onset-of-fall Correlative Conformity
    End-of-fall Correlative Conformity
    Maximum Regressive and Maximum Flooding Surfaces
    Definition
    Two-dimensional Model
    Model Results
    Strike Variability
    Discussion
    SUMMARY: TIME ATTRIBUTES OF STRATIGRAPHIC SURFACES
    Subaerial Unconformity
    Correlative Conformity
    Basal Surface of Forced Regression
    Regressive Surface of Marine Erosion
    Maximum Regressive Surface
    Maximum Flooding Surface
    Transgressive Ravinement Surfaces
    Within-trend Facies Contacts
    Conclusions

    8. Hierarchy of Sequences and Sequence Boundaries
    INTRODUCTION
    HIERARCHY SYSTEM BASED ON CYCLE DURATION (BOUNDARY FREQUENCY)
    HIERARCHY SYSTEM BASED ON THE MAGNITUDE OF BASE-LEVEL CHANGES
    DISCUSSION

    9. Discussion and Conclusions
    FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
    Scope and Applications
    The Importance of Shoreline Shifts
    Theory vs. Reality in Sequence Stratigraphy
    The Importance of the Tectonic Setting
    Uses and Abuses in Sequence Stratigraphy
    PRECAMBRIAN VS. PHANEROZOIC SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY
    MOVING FORWARD TOWARD STANDARDIZING SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY
    CONCLUDING REMARKS
    REFERENCES
    AUTHOR INDEX
    Subject index

Details

No. of pages:
388
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 2006
Published:
7th April 2006
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780080473987
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444515681

About the Author

Octavian Catuneanu

Octavian Catuneanu

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada

Reviews

"This volume has the best explanation and exploration of sequence stratigraphy yet published. It stands above earlier such books not only because of its outstanding graphics and clear prose, but also because it approaches the topic philosophically, emphasizing the cognitive models as much as the geological....All libraries with geological science programs should have this book, as should all sedimentologists and stratigraphers. Summing Up: Essential. Upper-division undergraduates through professionals."
-CHOICE

"Outstanding conceptual diagrams and illustrations including color photos of geologic outcrops, well cuttings, cores, well logs, and 3D seismic data are the backbone of this book. I firmly believe that this will be a bestseller in the Earth sciences. I really enjoyed reading this extraordinarily comprehensive text."
--THE LEADING EDGE, The Society of Exploration Geophysicists, May 2007

"Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy" is an up-to-date and comprehensive textbook covering both theory and practice of sequence stratigraphy."
- Journal of Sedimentary Research, August 2006

"Octavian Catuneanu has written a balanced, well illustrated and up-to-date overview of the various approaches to sequence stratigraphy."
- Journal of Sedimentary Research, August 2006

Ratings and Reviews