Principles of Ophthalmology

Principles of Ophthalmology

1st Edition - January 1, 1965

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  • Author: H. E. Hobbs
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483281339

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Principles of Ophthalmology focuses on the anatomy, physiology, and diseases of the eyes. The book first offers information on the optical mechanism of the eyes, binocular vision, and examination of the eyes, including refractive errors, human binocular reflexes, and management of strabismus and heterophoria. The publication then examines the eyelids and lacrimal apparatus, exophthalmos and proptosis, and the conjunctiva. Topics include disorders of the lacrimal apparatus, abnormalities of the eyelids, lacrimal obstruction, orbital tumors, pseudotumor of the orbit, conjunctival involvement in skin diseases, and conjunctivitis. The text examines the cornea, sclera and episclera, lens, iris and ciliary body, and the vitreous body. Discussions focus on vitreous opacities, cataract, anterior uveitis, sensitivity of organisms to antibiotics administrable by subconjunctival injection, and inflammatory lesions of the cornea. The publication is a valuable source of data for ophthalmologists and readers interested in ophthalmology.

Table of Contents

  • Contents


    List of Coloured Plates


    1. The Optical Mechanism of the Eye

    Analogy With A Camera—Optical Power—Refractive Errors: Their Causes, Symptomatology, Measurement and Correction. Spectacle Prescription.

    2. Binocular Vision

    Evolution and Development—The Binocular Reflexes and Their Perversions—Strabismus and Heterophoria—Diplopia.

    3. The Examination of the Eyes

    The Need For Precision—The Assessment of Central and Peripheral Visual Function—Critical Inspection—Ophthalmoscopy—Further Examinations.

    4. The Eyelids and Lacrimal Apparatus

    Anatomy — Functional Disorders — Infections — Swellings—Neoplasms of the Eyelids. Lacrimal Obstruction.

    5. Exophthalmos and Proptosis

    The Diagnosis and Causes of Proptosis—Orbital Tumours—Exophthalmic Ophthalmoplegia and Malignant Exophthalmos—Pseudotumour of the Orbit.

    6. The Conjunctiva

    Anatomy — Conjunctivitis — Ophthalmia Neonatorum —Trachoma—Conjunctival Involvement In Skin Conditions—Degenerative Conditions—Neoplasms.

    7. The Cornea

    Anatomy—Corneal Transparency—Symptoms and Signs of Corneal Disease—Inflammatory Lesions of the Cornea and Their Complications — Corneal Dystrophies — Keratoconuskeratoplasty.

    8. The Sclera and Episclera

    Anatomy—Myopic Degeneration—Collagen Disease : Scleritis Scleromalacia Perforans—Episcleritis.

    9. The Iris and Ciliary Body

    Anatomy—Developmental Abnormalities—Anterior Uveitis : Aetiology, Pathology, Symptomatology, Treatment—General and Ocular. Tumours of the Anterior Uveal Tract.

    10. The Lens

    Anatomy—Metabolism—Cataract : Intrauterine, Adolescent and Adult. The Diagnosis and Treatment of Cataract.

    11. The Vitreous Body

    Anatomy—Vitreous Opacification—Asteroid Hyalitis and Synchisis Scintillans.

    12. The Choroid and Retina 1

    Anatomy and Physiology—Colour Vision and Colour Blindness—Amblyopia and Amourosis—The Normal Fundus Oculi—Symptoms and Signs of Choroido-Retinal Disease.

    13. The Choroid and Retina 2

    Congenital Abnormalities—Choroidoretinitis—The Vascular Retinopathies — Retrolental Fibroplasia — Eales' Disease —Obstruction of the Retinal Vessels.

    14. The Choroid and Retina 3

    Degenerative Conditions : Primary and Secondary Pigmentary Degeneration—Macular Disease—Hamartomatous Syndromes —Neoplasms : Benign and Malignant—Retinal Detachment.

    15. The Optic Nerves and Chiasma

    The Anatomy of the Anterior Visual Pathway—Optic Neuritis: Aetiology and Clinical Features—Papilloedema: Mechanism, Ophthalmoscopic Appearances and Visual Effects—Optic Atrophy : Aetiology, Diagnosis and Localization of the Responsible Lesion.

    16. Glaucoma

    Special Anatomy and Physiology—Primary Congestive Glaucoma — Primary Chronic Simple Glaucoma — Congenital Glaucoma—Secondary Glaucoma.

    17. Ocular Injuries

    Mechanical Injuries: Perforating and Non-Perforating—The Intraocular Foreign Body—Sympathetic Ophthalmitis—Radiational Injuries—Chemical Injuries—Injuries of the Eyelids.

    18. Toxicology of the Eye

    Localization of the Affected Tissue—Corneal Poisons—Lenticular Poisons—Drugs Which Affect the Ciliary Muscles—Retinal and Optic Nerve Poisons—Agenetic Poisons

    List of Coloured Plates

    Plate 1

    Disorders of the Eyelids and Lacrimal Sac

    Plate 2

    Orbital Tumours

    Plate 3

    Conjunctival Disorders

    Plate 4

    Corneal Disorders

    Plate 5

    Corneal Disorders

    Plate 6

    Scieral and Episcleral Disorders

    Plate 7


    Plate 8

    Uveal Disorders

    Plate 9

    Abnormalities of the Lens

    Plate 10

    Vitreous Abnormalities

    Plate 11

    The Retina and Choroid

    Plate 12

    The Retina and Choroid

    Plate 13

    The Retina and Choroid

    Plate 14

    The Retina and Choroid

    Plate 15 {opposite page 176)

    The Retina

    Plate 16

    Papilloedema—pseudopapilloedema and optic atrophy

    Plate 17


    Plate 18

    Ocular Injuries

    Plate 19

    Ocular Toxicology

Product details

  • No. of pages: 254
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1965
  • Published: January 1, 1965
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483281339

About the Author

H. E. Hobbs

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