Principles of Environmental Physics

Principles of Environmental Physics

3rd Edition - October 25, 2007

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  • Authors: John Monteith, Mike Unsworth
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080924793

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Description

Environmental Physics concerns the description and analysis of physical processes that establish the conditions in which all species of life survive and reproduce. The subject involves a synthesis of mathematical relations that describe the physical nature of the environment and the many biological responses that environments evoke. Environmental Physics provides a basis for understanding the complex responses of plants and animals to environmental change.International concern with climate change has made both politicans and the general public much more aware of the impact of local and global weather on all aspects of domestic life, industry and commerce. Environmental Physics has become more widely used by biologists, atmospheric scientists and climate modellers to specify interations between surfaces and the atmosphere. This new edition contains further material on causes of global warming, applications of remote sensing, and the carbon and water cycles of crops and forests.

Key Features

* Presents a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense.
* Deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between them that are a central feature of life on earth
* Includes an up-to-date bibliography and review of recent micrometeorological applications in forestry, ecology, hydrology and agriculture
* Includes numerical problems and worked examples

Readership

Advanced undergraduate and graduate students in university departments of physics, atmospheric sciences, biological and environmental sciences, research scientists in agriculture, forestry, hydrology and ecology in academia, government research and industry, natural resource managers, environmental consultants and advisers in non-governmental organizations.

Table of Contents

  • PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION
    LIST OF SYMBOLS
    1. SCOPE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS
    2. GAS LAWS
    Pressure, volume and temperature
    Specific heats
    Lapse rate
    Water and water vapour
    Other gases
    3. TRANSPORT LAWS
    General transfer equation
    Molecular transfer processes
    Diffusion coefficients
    Radiation laws
    4. RADIATION ENVIRONMENT
    Solar radiation
    Terrestrial radiation
    Net radiation
    5. MICROCLIMATOLOGY OF RADIATION
    (i) Interception
    Direct solar radiation
    Diffuse radiation
    Radiation in crop canopies
    6. MICROCLIMATOLOGY OF RADIATION
    (ii) Absorption and reflection
    Radiative properties of natural materials
    Net radiation
    7. MOMENTUM TRANSFER
    Boundary layers
    Wind profiles and drag on uniform surfaces
    Lodging and windthrow
    8. HEAT TRANSFER
    Convection
    Non-dimensional groups
    Measurements of convection
    Conduction
    Insulation of animals
    9. MASS TRANSFER
    (i) Gases and water vapour
    Non-dimensional groups
    Measurement of mass transfer
    Ventilation
    Mass transfer through pores
    Coats and clothing
    10.MASS TRANSFER (ii) Particles
    Steady motion
    11.STEADY STATE HEAT BALANCE
    (i) Water surfaces and vegetation
    Heat balance equation
    Heat balance of thermometers
    Heat balance of surfaces
    Developments from the Penman Equation
    12.STEADY STATE HEAT BALANCE
    (ii) Animals
    Heat balance components
    The thermo-neutral diagram
    Specification of the environment
    Case studies
    13.TRANSIENT HEAT BALANCE
    Time constant
    General cases
    Heat flow in soil
    14.CROP MICROMETEOROLOGY
    (i) Profiles and fluxes
    Profiles
    Profile equations and stability
    Measurement of flux above the canopy
    15.CROP MICROMETEOROLOGY
    (ii) Interpretation of measurements
    Resistance analogues
    Case studies:
    Water vapour and transpiration
    Carbon dioxide and growth
    Sulphur dioxide and pollutant fluxes
    to crops
    Transport within canopies
    APPENDIX
    BIBLIOGRAPHY
    REFERENCES
    INDEX

Product details

  • No. of pages: 440
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2007
  • Published: October 25, 2007
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080924793

About the Authors

John Monteith

John Monteith

Affiliations and Expertise

Emeritus Professor of Environmental Physics, University of Nottingham, UK

Mike Unsworth

Mike Unsworth
Michael Unsworth is Professor Emeritus of Physics of Oceans and Atmospheres at Oregon State University. He has also been a Visiting Professor at the University of Southampton and the NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Before his tenure at Oregon State University, he was Professor and ultimately Dean of the Faulty of Agricultural and Food Sciences at Nottingham University. He has also served as Head of Station and the NERC Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Edinburgh Research Station and Director at the Center for Analysis of Environmental Change. His work specializes in environmental physics, microclimatology, and agricultural and forest meteorology. He has published numerous journal articles, book chapters, and books on these topics over his prolific career of more than 50 years.

Affiliations and Expertise

Oregon State University, Corvallis, USA Michael Unsworth is Professor Emeritus of Physics of Oceans and Atmospheres at Oregon State University.

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