Principles of Electron Optics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123333520, 9780080962436

Principles of Electron Optics

1st Edition

Applied Geometrical Optics

Authors: Peter Hawkes Erwin Kasper
eBook ISBN: 9780080962436
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 13th December 1988
Page Count: 1188
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This is a complete handbook and reference volume which covers everything that one needs to know about electron optics. It is a comprehensive coverage of theoretical background and modern computing methods. It contains a detailed and unique account of numerical methods and an extensive bibliography.


Electron microscopists, electronic engineers/designers, mass spectrometer and accelerator designers, and applied physicists.

Table of Contents

Instrumental Optics: Electrostatic Lenses. Magnetic Lenses. Electron Mirrors. Cathode Lenses and Field Emission Microscopy. Quadrupole Lenses. Deflection Systems. Aberration Correction and Beam Intensity Distribution (Caustics): Aberration Correction. Caustics and Their Applications. Electron Guns: General Features of Electron Guns. Theory of Electron Emission. Pointed Cathodes without Space Charge. Space Charge Effects. Brightness. Emittance. The Boersch Effect. Complete Electron Guns. Systems with a Curved Optic Axis: General Curvilinear Systems. Magnetic Sector Fields. Unified Theories of Ion Optical Systems.


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© Academic Press 1989
Academic Press
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About the Author

Peter Hawkes

Peter Hawkes graduated from the University of Cambridge and subsequently obtained his PhD in the Electron Microscopy Section of the Cavendish Laboratory. He remained there for several years, working on electron optics and digital image processing before taking up a research position in the CNRS Laboratory of Electron Optics (now CEMES-CNRS) in Toulouse, of which he was Director in 1987. During the Cambridge years, he was a Research Fellow of Peterhouse and a Senior Research fellow of Churchill College. He has published extensively, both books and scientific journal articles, and is a member of the editorial boards of Ultramicroscopy and the Journal of Microscopy. He was the founder-president of the European Microscopy Society, CNRS Silver Medallist in 1983 and is a Fellow of the Optical Society of America and of the Microscopy Society of America (Distinguished Scientist, Physics, 2015), Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society and Honorary Member of the French Microscopy Society. In 1982, he was awarded the ScD degree by the University of Cambridge.

In 1982, he took over editorship of the Advances in Electronics & Electron Physics (now Advances in Imaging & Electron Physics) from Claire Marton (widow of the first editor, Bill Marton) and followed Marton's example in maintaining a wide range of subject matter. He added mathematical morphology to the topics regularly covered; Jean Serra and Gerhard Ritter are among those who have contributed.

In 1980, he joined Professor Wollnik (Giessen University) and Karl Brown (SLAC) in organising the first international conference on charged-particle optics, designed to bring together opticians from the worlds of electron optics, accelerator optics and spectrometer optics. This was so successful that similar meetings have been held at four-year intervals from 1986 to the present day. Peter Hawkes organised the 1990 meeting in Toulouse and has been a member of the organising committee of all the meetings. He has also participated in the organization of other microscopy-related congresses, notably EMAG in the UK and some of the

He is very interested in the history of optics and microscopy, and recently wrote long historical articles on the correction of electron lens aberrations, the first based on a lecture delivered at a meeting of the Royal Society. He likewise sponsored biographical articles for the Advances on such major figures as Ernst Ruska (Nobel Prize 1986), Helmut Ruska, Bodo von Borries, Jan Le Poole and Dennis Gabor (Nobel Prize, 1971). Two substantial volumes of the series were devoted to 'The Beginnings of Electron Microscopy' and 'The Growth of Electron Microscopy'. and others have covered 'Cold Field Emission Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy' and 'Aberration-corrected Electron Microscopy', with contributions by all the main personalities of the subject.

Affiliations and Expertise

Laboratoire d'Optique Electronique du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CEMES), Toulouse, France

Erwin Kasper

Erwin Kasper studied physics at the Universities of Münster and Tübingen (Germany), where he obtained his PhD in 1965 and the habilitation to teach physics in 1969. After scientific spells in the University of Tucson, Arizona (1966) and in Münich (1970), he resumed his research and teaching in the Institute of Applied Physics, University of Tübingen, where he was later appointed professor. He lectured on general physics and especially on electron optics. The subject of his research was theoretical electron optics and related numerical methods on which he published numerous papers. After his retirement in 1997, he published a book on numerical field calculation (2001).

Affiliations and Expertise

Institut fuer Angewandte Physik der Universitaet, Tuebingen, Germany


@qu:"This work should be regarded as both a textbook and a source-book; the fundamentals of the subject are set out in detail, and there the student should find everything needed to master the basic ideas or to begin the analysis of some class of systems not yet explored; the principle electron optical components are likewise dealt with in great detail. I like to recommend this work to each who is concerned within the field of particle optics." @source:--OPTIK @qu:"The importance of the present volumes is that they present again the whole subject in a very coherent way, but particularly also taking into account the developments of the past twenty years. They should be regarded both as a text book and an important reference....Their aim of providing a very up to date account of the principles of electron optics has been well achieved and they can be highly recommended." @source:--PERGAMAN PRESS