Primrose McConnell's The Agricultural Notebook

Primrose McConnell's The Agricultural Notebook

18th Edition - September 13, 1988

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  • Editors: R. J. Halley, R. J. Soffe
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483100326

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Primorse McConnell's The Agricultural Notebook: 18th Edition is a collection of articles about important areas of discussion in agriculture, all of which written by experts from different related fields. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1 deals with concepts related to crop production such as soil – its classifications, mineral components, and physical properties; the benefits, problem diagnosis and system layout, and maintenance of drainage systems; the physiology, nutrition, and kinds of crops; and related problems such as weeds and diseases and their control. Part 2 is concerned with animals important in agriculture and deals with topics such as livestock feeds and the breeding, management, and meat production of cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, and poultry. Part 3 discusses farm equipment such as tractors, crop sprayers, and planting machines. Part 4 tackles the management of the farming business and its staff; it also tackles laws related to agriculture and the health and safety of its personnel. The monograph is recommended for entrepreneurs in the field of agriculture, as well as those concerned in its studies and improvement.

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    Part 1 Crop Production

    1 Soils

    What is A Soil?

    The Mineral Components of Soil

    Clay Minerals

    Soil Organic Matter and the Carbon Cycle

    Chemically Active Surfaces and the Chemistry of Soil Colloids

    Soil Organisms

    The Major Nutrient Elements

    Calcium and Liming

    Trace Elements and Micronutrients

    Soil Sampling, Soil Analysis and Soil Nutrient Indices

    Physical Properties of the Soil

    2 Field Drainage

    The Need For Drainage

    Drainage Benefits

    Soil Water

    Drainage Systems

    Problem Diagnosis and System Layout

    Drainage System Maintenance

    Economics of Drainage

    3 Crop Physiology

    Fundamental Physiological Processes


    Crop Development Cycle

    Environmental Influences On Growth and Development


    Modification of Crops By Growth Regulators and Breeding

    4 Crop Nutrition

    Summary of Soil-Supplied Elements

    Organic Fertilizers and Manures

    Inorganic Fertilizers

    Forms of Fertilizer Available

    Compound Fertilizers

    Fertilizer Placement

    Fertilizers and The Environment

    Optimum Fertilizer Rates

    Fertilizer Recommendations


    5 Arable Crops

    Crop Rotation

    Choice of Crop and Sequence

    Crop Duration and Importance

    Methods of Crop Establishment

    Brassica Crops


    Brassicas Grown Primarily As Vegetables

    Brassicas Grown Primarily For Fodder

    Brassicas Grown For Seed Processors

    Graminae - Cereals, Maize, Cereal and Herbage Seed Production

    Cereals Grown Primarily For Grain







    Sweet Corn

    Seed Production


    Herbage Seed Production

    Miscellaneous Non-Leguminous Combinable Cereal Break Crops


    Evening Primrose



    Leguminous Crops

    Leguminous Seedcrops For Human and/Or Animal Consumption

    Legumes Grown For Fodder Only

    Root and Bulb Crops

    Beetroot (Red Beet)



    Dry Bulb Onions



    Sugar Beet, Mangels and Fodder Beet

    6 Grassland

    Distribution and Purpose of Grassland in the UK

    Grassland Improvement

    Characteristics of Agricultural Grasses

    Herbage Legumes

    Basis For Seeds Mixtures

    Fertilizers For Grassland

    Patterns of Grassland Production

    Expression of Grassland Output on the Farm

    Output From Grazing Animals

    Grazing Systems

    Conservation of Grass

    Grassland Farming and the Environment

    Glossary of Grassland Terms

    7 Trees On The Farm

    Choice of Site and Species

    Measurement of Timber

    Length of Rotation

    Timber Quality

    Systems of Woodland Management

    Methods of Establishment For Broadleaves

    Preparation of Site


    Fertiliszer Application

    Plantation Aftercare


    Felling and Marketing

    Shelterbelts and Windbreaks

    Timber Preservation

    Protecting Woodlands

    Insect Pests and Fungi

    Agencies For Assisting Woodland Owners

    Grants For Woodland Owners and Farmers

    8 Weed Control

    Occurrence of Weed Problems

    General Control Measures - Applicable to All Systems

    Principles of Chemical (Herbicidal) Weed Control

    Choice of Herbicide

    Arable Crops and Seedling Leys

    Weed Control in Cereals

    Root Crops, Row Crops and Other Broadleaved Crops

    Weeds From Shed Crop Seed Or Groundkeepers

    Weed Control In Established Grassland

    Weed Control In Forest and Woodlands

    Treatment of Individual Large Trees

    Weed Control (Unselective) in Non-Crop Situations

    9 Diseases of Crops

    Air-Borne Diseases

    Fungicide Resistance

    Soil-Borne Diseases

    Seed-Borne and Inflorescence Diseases

    Vector-Borne Diseases

    Diseases of Wheat

    Diseases of Barley

    Diseases of Oat

    Diseases of Rye/Triticale

    Diseases of Forage Maize and Sweet Corn

    Diseases of Potato

    Diseases of Brassicas

    Diseases of Sugar Beet, Fodder Beet, Mangold

    Diseases of Peas and Beans (Field, Broad/Dwarf, Navy)

    Diseases of Carrots

    Diseases of Onions and Leeks

    Diseases of Grasses and Herbage Legumes

    10 Pests of Crops

    Cereal Pests

    Potato Pests

    Sugar Beet Pests

    Oilseed Rape Pests

    Kale Pests

    Pea and Bean Pests

    Field Vegetable Pests

    Schemes, Regulations and Acts Relating To The Use

    Of Insecticides

    11 Grain Preservation and Storage

    Conditions For The Safe Storage of Living Grain

    The Time Factor In Grain Storage

    Grain Moisture Content and Its Measurement

    Drying Grain

    Fans For Grain Stores

    Grain Cleaners

    Management of Grain in Store

    Handling Grain

    Storage of Grain In Sealed Containers

    Use of Chemical Preservatives to Store Grain

    Part 2 Animal Production

    12 Animal Physiology and Nutrition

    Regulation of Body Function

    Chemical Composition of the Animal and Its Food



    Voluntary Food Intake




    Environmental Physiology

    13 Livestock Feeds and Feeding

    Nutrient Evaluation of Feeds

    Raw Materials For Diet and Ration Formulation

    Nutrient Requirements

    14 Cattle

    Definitions of Common Cattle Terminology Calf Rearing

    Management of Breeding Stock Replacements

    Feeding Dairy and Beef Cattle

    Beef Production

    Beef Production Systems


    Cattle Breeding

    15 Sheep and Goats



    Appendix 1 Body Condition Scores

    Appendix 2 Calendar For Frequent-Lambing Flock

    16 Pig Production


    The Structure of The UK Pig Industry

    Pig Housing and Animal Welfare

    Genetics and Pig Improvement

    Sow and Gilt Reproduction

    Weaner Piglets

    Finishing Pigs


    17 Poultry

    Meat Production

    Commercial Egg Production

    Broiler Breeding Industry

    Environment of Layers and Broilers

    Turkeys and Waterfowl


    18 Game Conservation


    Habitat Requirements

    Breeding, Release and Holding Strategies

    Predator Control


    Options For Shooting

    Economic Benefits


    19 Animal Health


    Disease and Immunity

    The Health of Cattle

    The Health of Pigs

    The Health of Sheep

    Part 3 Farm Equipment

    20 Services

    Drainage Installations





    Lubricating Oil and Grease

    Water Supplies

    21 Farm Machinery

    The Agricultural Tractor

    Cultivation Machines

    Fertilizer Application Machines

    Planting Machines

    Crop Sprayers

    Harvesting Forage Crops

    Grain Harvesting

    Root Harvesting


    Feed Preparation Machinery

    Milking Equipment

    Manure Handling and Spreading

    22 Farm Buildings

    Design Criteria

    Stages In Constructing A Building

    Building Materials and Techniques

    Environmental Control

    Specific Purpose Buildings

    Drawings and Site Measurement (Surveying)


    Mandatory and Advisory Design Requirements (Excluding Finance)

    Advisory Organizations

    Part 4 Farm Management

    23 The Common Agricultural Policy of The European Economic Community

    Background, Institutions and the Legislative Process

    CAP Price Mechanisms

    Monetary Arrangements In The CAP

    Structural Policy

    The Problems of The CAP

    24 Farm Business Management

    What Is Business Management?

    Setting Primary Objectives

    Planning to Achieve Primary Objectives

    Information For Financial Management

    25 Farm Staff Management

    The Need

    Farm Requirements

    Workforce Planning

    Obtaining the Right Labour

    Reduction of Labour

    Motivation Theory

    Working Conditions

    26 Agricultural Law


    The English Legal System

    Legal Aspects of The Ownership, Possession and Occupation of Agricultural Land

    Employer's Liabilities


    27 Health and Safety in Agriculture


    The Health and Safety At Work, Etc. Act 1974

    Some of The Statutory Requirements of The HSW Act

    Regulations Applying To Agricultural Activities

    Food and Environment Protection Act 1985


    28 Computers in Agriculture

    What is A Computer and in What Applications Can It Be Used?

    How Are Computers Used in Agriculture?

    What Are the Implications of Installing An Onfarm Computer System and What Are the Criteria For Its Selection?

    What Developments Might Be Seen in the Future for Computer Applications in Agriculture?

    29 Alternative Enterprises

    Defining Alternatives

    The Policy Climate

    Types of Alternative Enterprise

    Management of Alternative Enterprises


    Glossary of Units


Product details

  • No. of pages: 704
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1988
  • Published: September 13, 1988
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483100326

About the Editors

R. J. Halley

R. J. Soffe

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