Primate Anatomy

3rd Edition

An Introduction

Authors: Friderun Ankel-Simons
Paperback ISBN: 9780123725769
eBook ISBN: 9780080469119
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 8th January 2007
Page Count: 752
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This book is unlike ay other work on primates: it systematically reviews the biology of all living primates, including humans. It describes their bio-geographical information and provides crucial data pertaining to their body size, fur coloration external distinguishing features, habitat and basic life strategies.

Now in its third edition, Primate Anatomy discusses species that are new to science since the last edition with details concerning anatomical features among primates that were re-discovered. New research in molecular primatology is also included due to recent relevant findings in molecular biology in accordance with new technology. The basics of biological taxonomy are introduced, along with photographs of all major groups. Important new and controversal issues make this edition key for every primatologists, anthropologist, and anatomist.

Key Features

  • Offers up-to-date reviews of molecular primatology and primate genomics
  • Concentrates on living primates and their overall biology
  • Discusses the genetic connection of function where known
  • Introduces primate genomics for the first time in a textbook
  • Provides instructive and comprehensive review tables
  • Includes many unique, novel and easily understandable illustrations


Researchers and students in primatology anthropology, anatomy, mammology, and vertebrate paleontology.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1
Taxonomic List of Extant Primates
New Developments 22
List of Extant Primates 24

Chapter 2
Notes about Taxonomy 45
Population Biology and Classification 50
Traditional or Evolutionary Classification 51
Numerical and Phenetic Classification 52
Cladistics 53
Cladistic Terminology 55
Misunderstandings in Primate Classification 60
The Tarsier Conundrum 64

Chapter 3
A History and Objectives of Primatology
The State of Affairs 67
History 70
Primatology – a Branch of Biology 72
The Future of Primatology 76
Retrospection and Prediction 77
Definition of Order Primates 81

Chapter 4
Survey of Living Primates
Survey of Living Tupaias and Prosimii 84
Lemurs 94
Lorises 118
Tarsiers 130
Survey of Living Anthropoidea 135
New World Monkeys 137
Old World Monkeys 164
Hominoidea 194

Chapter 5
Skull development and two Kinds of Bones 205
Orbital Region 212
Nasal Region 213
Skull Base and Brain Case 219
Ear Region 222
The Sinuses 225
Comparative Skull Morphology 227

Chapter 6
Brain 236
Brain Morphology 245
New Insights Into Brain Function 265

Chapter 7
Teeth Tooth Morphology and Diet; can they
Reliably be Correlated? 266
Tooth S


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© Academic Press 2007
Academic Press
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About the Author

Friderun Ankel-Simons

Dr. Ankel-Simons did her graduate studies in marine biology, marine ecology, and marine geology at the University of Copenhagen, the Marine Biological Laboratory at Elsinore, Denmark, and the University of Giessen, Germany. She was a member of the first research team to keep the folivore primate Alouatta palliata alive in captivity for a long term of several years at the Max Planck Institut for Brain Research, Giessen, Germany. Since 1996, she has been a Research Associate in the Division of Paleontology at the Duke University Primate Center. She has published three books and numerous journal papers.

Affiliations and Expertise

Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, U.S.A.