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Prevention of Valve Fugitive Emissions in the Oil and Gas Industry delivers a critical reference for oil and gas engineers and managers to get up-to-speed on all factors surrounding valve fugitive emissions. New technology is included on monitoring, with special attention given to valve seals which are typically the biggest emitting factor on the valve. Proper testing requirements to mitigate future leaks are also covered. Rounding out with international standards, laws and specifications to apply to projects around the world, this book gives today’s engineers updated knowledge on how to lower emissions on today’s equipment.
- Helps readers understand the sources and key factors that contribute to fugitive emissions and leakage from oil and gas valves
- Teaches ways to select proper seals and perform valve testing to mitigate future emissions
- Includes international standards, laws and specifications to help readers stay compliant and environmentally responsible
Mechanical engineers; valve engineers; piping engineers; actuator engineers; instrument engineers; petroleum and energy engineering researchers
Chapter 1: Terms and definitions
Chapter 2: Valve fugitive emission
2.1 Introduction to fugitive emission
2.2. History of fugitive emission in different countries like USA, Germany, France
2.3 Sources of emission ( Looking at emission percentage in different industries and then looking at oil and gas industry and different components which cause emission)
2.4 Negative impacts of fugitive emission (Greenhouse effect, oil spillage, global warming, etc.)
2.5 Emission from valves (Looking at valve emission points of the valves)
2.6 Key factors in low emission solutions
2.7. Category of fluid services as per ASME and Norsok standard (This helps readers to understand which types of fluid leakages are more dangerous for the people and environment)
2.8 Looking at new technology for monitoring the fugitive emission in the valves
Chapter 3: Valves sealing and packing (Since the emission from the valves is typically done from seals and packing)
3.1 Introduction to valve seals
3.2 Valve seals (Stem, body / bonnet, body pieces, etc.)
3.3 Static Vs Dynamic seals
3.4 Valve stem seals (80 percent of emission from the valves are from stem seals so it is important to talk about these seals specifically)
3.5 Reasons of leakage from valve seals
3.6 Types of valve seals (Gaskets, O-rings, bellows, etc.)
3.7 Seal materials
Chapter 4: Valve fugitive emission test standards, laws and end users’ specifications
4.1 History and introduction to the test standards
4.2 American Petroleum Institute fugitive test standards (API 622, API 624, API 641)
All the standards in details have been explained including test procedure, test fluid, leak measurement plus other discussions which are mentioned by valve experts in the valve world conference and technical magazines.
4.3 ISO 15484 fugitive emission review (This standard is more used in Europe for valve fugitive emission test)
4.4 TA Luft / VDI 2440 (Related to fugitive emission law in Germany)
4.5 Looking at Shell and Chevron fugitive emission specification
- No. of pages:
- © Gulf Professional Publishing 2021
- 1st June 2021
- Gulf Professional Publishing
- Paperback ISBN:
Karan Sotoodeh is currently a Senior / Lead Engineer in valves and actuators for Baker Hughes, one of the world’s largest oil field services company. He is responsible for engineering and delivering valves and actuators in subsea manifolds, Preparing engineering documents and working with valve suppliers , R&D activities, and maintaining the company’s valve database. He previously worked for AkerSolutions, NLI Engineering, and Nargan Engineers as a senior specialist in piping and valves, assisting with many projects around the world. He has authored many articles and is currently writing articles for Valve World magazine. Karan earned a master of research in mechanical engineering and a masters in oil and gas engineering, both from Robert Gordon University of Aberdeen, and a bachelors in industrial engineering from the Iran University of Science and Technology.
Senior Lead Engineer, Valves and Actuators, Valve Engineering Group, Manifold department, Baker Hughes, Oslo, Norway
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