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Prevention of Actuator Emissions in the Oil and Gas Industry - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780323919289

Prevention of Actuator Emissions in the Oil and Gas Industry

1st Edition

Author: Karan Sotoodeh
Paperback ISBN: 9780323919289
Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
Published Date: 1st June 2021
Page Count: 200
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The oil and gas industry are lowering emissions in all sectors and projects. Industrial actuators used throughout a variety of oil and gas assets can emit a substantial amount of emissions alone. Prevention of Actuator Fugitive Emissions in the Oil and Gas Industry delivers a critical reference for oil and gas engineers and managers to get up to speed on all the factors in actuator fugitive emissions. Packed with a selection process, the benefits of switching to an electric system, and the technology around open and closed loop hydraulic systems helps the engineer to understand today’s options. Rounding with a detailed explanation around High Integrity Pressure Protection Systems (HIPPS), Prevention of Actuator Fugitive Emissions in the Oil and Gas Industry gives today’s engineer’s knowledge to tackle lowering emissions on today’s equipment.

Key Features

  • Understand all the sources and key factors contributing to fugitive emissions and leakage from oil and gas actuators
  • Learn ways to select environmentally friendly actuators, particularly all electric systems
  • Know High Integrity Pressure Protection System (HIPPS) and how it reduces flaring


Mechanical engineers; Instrumentation engineers; piping engineers; actuator engineers; petroleum and energy engineering researchers

Table of Contents

1. Terms and definitions

2. Introduction to actuators
2.1 Actuator definition
2.2 Actuators source of power
2.2.1 None subsea oil and gas Air Hydraulic oil Electricity Gas
2.2.2 Subsea oil and gas Hydraulic oil Electricity
2.3 Actuators types of design
2.3.1 Linear actuators Diaphragm actuators Linear piston actuators Linear electrical actuators
2.3.2 Rotary actuators Rotary diaphragm actuator Rotary piston type actuators Rack and pinion actuators Scotch yoke actuators Helical spline actuators Rotary electrical actuators Rotary electro-hydraulic actuators Rotary direct gas actuators Rotary gas over oil actuators
2.4 Control system & actuator accessories
2.4.1 Block valve
2.4.2 Filter and regulator
2.4.3 Check valve
2.4.4 Solenoid valve
2.4.5 Quick exhaust valve
2.4.6 Limit switch
2.4.7 Tube
2.4.8 End stopper
2.4.9 Position indicator
2.5 Questions and Answers

3. Actuator selection for reducing emission
3.1 Actuators & fugitive emission
3.2 Actuators and hydraulic oil spill
3.3 Actuator selection
3.3.1 Non-subsea oil and gas industry
3.3.2 Subsea oil and gas industry
3.4 Actuator selection to reduce emission
3.5 Questions and Answers

4. All electrical subsea system and actuation
4.1 An introduction to subsea
4.2 Benefits of all electrical subsea system
4.2.1 Cost CAPEX OPEX
4.2.2 HSE
4.2.3 Reliability
4.2.4 Flexibility and efficiency
4.2.5 Functionality
4.3 Subsea valves and applications
4.4 Subsea electrical actuators design review
4.4.1 Direct drive vs. gear operated motors
4.4.2 Fail safe mode operation
4.4.3 ROV override
4.4.4 Conversion of rotation to linear movement
4.5 All electrical subsea actuators case study for manifolds
4.6 Questions and Answers

5. Subsea hydraulic system development for reducing emission
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Open and closed loop hydraulic systems
5.2.1 Introduction and Description
5.2.2 Comparison Operability and response time Reliability Logistics and installation Environmental issues
5.3 Case studies
5.3.1 Closed loop hydraulic system in a subsea project
5.3.2 Effect of closed loop system on design of an actuator
5.4 Conclusions
5.5 Questions and Answers

6. Subsea actuator compensation system development for reducing emission
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Types of compensation systems
6.2.1 Closed compensation system
6.2.2 Open compensation system
6.2.3 Questions and Answers

7. HIPPS for fugitive emission reduction
7.1 Flare system
7.2 Flaring and fugitive emission
7.3 HIPPS for flare reduction
7.4 HIPPS justification
7.5 HIPPS and flare reduction case study
7.6 Questions and Answers


No. of pages:
© Gulf Professional Publishing 2021
1st June 2021
Gulf Professional Publishing
Paperback ISBN:

About the Author

Karan Sotoodeh

Karan Sotoodeh is currently a Senior / Lead Engineer in valves and actuators for Baker Hughes, one of the world’s largest oil field services company. He is responsible for engineering and delivering valves and actuators in subsea manifolds, Preparing engineering documents and working with valve suppliers , R&D activities, and maintaining the company’s valve database. He previously worked for AkerSolutions, NLI Engineering, and Nargan Engineers as a senior specialist in piping and valves, assisting with many projects around the world. He has authored many articles and is currently writing articles for Valve World magazine. Karan earned a master of research in mechanical engineering and a masters in oil and gas engineering, both from Robert Gordon University of Aberdeen, and a bachelors in industrial engineering from the Iran University of Science and Technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Lead Engineer, Valves and Actuators, Valve Engineering Group, Manifold department, Baker Hughes, Oslo, Norway

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