Presystemic Drug Elimination - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780407023222, 9781483163604

Presystemic Drug Elimination

1st Edition

Butterworths International Medical Reviews: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Editors: Charles F. George David G. Shand
eBook ISBN: 9781483163604
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 31st March 1982
Page Count: 224
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Description

Butterworths International Medical Reviews, Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics 1: Presystemic Drug Elimination explores the principles of presystemic drug metabolism in human based on animal studies. This book is divided into four sections encompassing 10 chapters that specifically describe the extent of metabolism occurring in the gastrointestinal tract, liver, and lung.
Section 1 focuses on presystemic elimination by the gastrointestinal tract. This section discusses the enzymatic biotransformation in the gastrointestinal mucosa and the ability of the microflora to metabolize drugs. Section 2 considers the contribution of the liver to presystemic drug elimination, with a particular emphasis on the physiological factors, which determine the rate of breakdown of drugs in vivo. This section also deals with the effects of hepatic cirrhosis on presystemic drug elimination. Section 3 presents first a brief outline of the knowledge of pulmonary structure and relevant physiology, followed by a discussion on “first-pass” metabolism of endogenous substrates and drugs across the pulmonary circulation and of environmental chemicals after inhalation. This section also provides the methods for distinguishing between the contribution of the various sites to presystemic drug elimination and the problems associated with attempts to analyze available pharmacokinetic data. This work is an ideal source for clinical pharmacologists and researchers.

Table of Contents


Section 1 Gastrointestinal Tract

1 First-Pass Metabolism within the Lumen of the Gastrointestinal Tract

2 Metabolism of Drugs by the the Gastrointestinal Tract

3 In Vivo Studies of Gut Wall Metabolism

Section 2 Liver

4 Presystemic Drug Metabolism in the Liver

5 Physiological Factors Affecting Hepatic First-Pass Metabolism

6 Presystemic Hepatic Elimination in Cirrhosis

Section 3 Lung

First-Pass Metabolism by the Lung: Introduction

7 The Metabolic Potential of the Lungs

8 First-Pass Metabolism of Endogenous and Exogenous Substrates by the Lung

9 Presystemic Drug Metabolism of Exogenous Compounds by the Lungs

Section 4 Epilogue

10 Methods for Distinguishing between the Various Sites of First-Pass Metabolism in Man

Index

Details

No. of pages:
224
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483163604

About the Editor

Charles F. George

David G. Shand

Ratings and Reviews