Pressure Vessels - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780857092489, 9780857092496

Pressure Vessels

2nd Edition

External Pressure Technology

Authors: Carl T. F. Ross
eBook ISBN: 9780857092496
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857092489
Paperback ISBN: 9780081017180
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 30th April 2011
Page Count: 488
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Description

The choice of structural design and material is essential in preventing the external walls of a vessel from buckling under pressure. In this revised second edition of Pressure vessels, Carl Ross reviews the problem and uses both theoretical and practical examples to show how it can be solved for different structures.

The second edition opens with an overview of the types of vessels under external pressure and materials used for construction. Axisymmetric deformation and different types of instability are discussed in the following chapters, with chapters 5 and 6 covering vibration of pressure vessel shells, both in water and out. Chapters 7 and 8 focus on novel pressure hulls, covering design, vibration and collapse, while chapters 9 and 10 concentrate on the design and non-linear analysis of submarine pressure hulls under external hydrostatic pressure. In chapter 11, the design, structure and materials of deep-diving underwater pressure vessels are discussed, focusing on their application in missile defence systems. Finally, chapter 12 analyses the vibration of a thin-walled shell under external water pressure, using ANSYS technology.

Drawing on the author’s extensive experience in engineering and design both in an industrial and academic capacity, the second edition of Pressure vessels is an essential reference for stress analysts, designers, consultants and manufacturers of pressure vessels, as well as all those with an academic research interest in the area.

Key Features

  • Presents an overview of the types of vessels under external pressure and materials used for construction
  • Assesses axisymmetric deformation and different types of instability covering vibration of pressure vessel shells
  • Explores novel pressure hulls, covering design, vibration and collapse concentrating on the design and non-linear analysis of submarine pressure hulls

Readership

Stress analysts, designers, consultants, and manufacturers of pressure vessels as well as all those with an academic research interest in the area

Table of Contents

Author contact details

Dedication

Also available

Preface

Acknowledgements

Notation

Chapter 1: An overview of pressure vessels under external pressure

Abstract:

1.1 Pressure vessel types

1.2 The spherical pressure vessel

1.3 Cylinder/cone/dome pressure hulls

1.4 Other vessels that withstand external pressure

1.5 Weakening effect on ring-stiffeners owing to tilt

1.6 Bulkheads

1.7 Materials of construction

1.8 Pressure, depth and compressibility

Chapter 2: Axisymmetric deformation of pressure vessels

Abstract:

2.1 Axisymmetric yield failure

2.2 Unstiffened circular cylinders and spheres

2.3 Ring-stiffened circular cylinders

2.4 Axisymmetric deformation of thin-walled cones and domes

2.5 Thick-walled cones and domes

2.6 Ring-stiffeners

2.7 Plastic collapse

2.8 Experimental procedure

2.9 Theoretical plastic analysis

2.10 Conclusions

Chapter 3: Shell instability of pressure vessels

Abstract:

3.1 Shell instability of thin-walled circular cylinders

3.2 Instability of thin-walled conical shells

3.3 Buckling of orthotropic cylinders and cones

3.4 Buckling of thin-walled domes

3.5 Boundary conditions

3.6 The legs of off-shore drilling rigs

3.7 Some buckling formulae for domes and cones

3.8 Inelastic instability

3.9 Higher order elements for conical shells

3.10 Higher order elements for hemi-ellipsoidal domes

3.11 Varying thickness cylinders

Chapter 4: General instability of pressure vessels

Abstract:

4.1 General instability of ring-stiffened circular cylinders

4.2 Inelastic general instability of ring-stiffened circular cylinders

4.3 General instability of ring-stiffened conical shells

Chapter 5: Vibration of pressure vessel shells

Abstract:

5.1 Free vibration of unstiffened circular cylinders and cones

5.2 Free vibration of ring-stiffened cylinders and cones

5.3 Free vibrations of domes

5.4 Higher order elements for thin-walled cones

5.5 Higher order elements for thin-walled domes

5.6 Effects of pressure on vibration

5.7 Effects of added virtual mass

5.8 Effects of damping

Chapter 6: Vibration of pressure vessel shells in water

Abstract:

6.1 Free vibration of ring-stiffened cones in water

6.2 Free vibration of domes in water

6.3 Vibration of domes under external water pressure

6.4 Vibration of unstiffened and ring-stiffened circular cylinders and cones under external hydrostatic pressure

6.5 Effect of tank size

Chapter 7: Novel pressure hull designs

Abstract:

7.1 Design of dome ends

7.2 Design of cylindrical body

7.3 Ring-stiffened or corrugated prolate domes

7.4 A submarine for the oceans of Europa

7.5 Conclusions

Chapter 8: Vibration and collapse of novel pressure hulls

Abstract:

8.1 Buckling of corrugated circular cylinders under external hydrostatic pressure

8.2 Buckling of a corrugated carbon-fibre-reinforced plastic (CFRP) cylinder

8.3 Vibration of CFRP corrugated circular cylinder under external hydrostatic pressure

8.4 Vibration and instability of tube-stiffened axisymmetric shells under external hydrostatic pressure

8.5 Collapse of dome cup ends under external hydrostatic pressure

8.6 A redesign of the corrugated food can

Chapter 9: Design of submarine pressure hulls to withstand buckling under external hydrostatic pressure

Abstract:

9.1 Introduction

9.2 The designs

9.3 Conclusions

Chapter 10: Nonlinear analyses of model submarine pressure hulls using ANSYS

Abstract:

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Experimental analysis

10.3 Theoretical analysis

10.4 Conclusions

Chapter 11: Star wars underwater: Deep-diving underwater pressure vessels for missile defence systems

Abstract:

11.1 Introduction

11.2 The design

11.3 Manpower and living conditions

11.4 Power requirements

11.5 Environmental control and life support systems

11.6 External requirements

11.7 Size of elliptical structure

11.8 Central spherical shell

11.9 Connecting walkways

11.10 Material property requirements

11.11 Choice of material

11.12 Pressure hull designs

11.13 Required wall thickness

11.14 Conclusions

Chapter 12: Vibration of a thin-walled shell under external water pressure using ANSYS

Abstract:

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Experimental method

12.3 Theoretical basis of the finite element method

12.4 Vibration analysis of a prolate dome in air

12.5 Vibration analysis of the prolate dome in water

12.6 Vibration analysis of the prolate dome under external pressure

12.7 Conclusions

References

Appendix I: Computer program for axisymmetric stresses in circular cylinders stiffened by equal-strength ring frames

Appendix II: Computer program for axisymmetric stresses in circular cylinders stiffened by unequal-strength ring frames

Appendix III: Computer programs for shell instability

Appendix IV: Computer programs for general instability

Appendix V: Conversion tables of imperial units to SI

Index

Details

No. of pages:
488
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2011
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780857092496
Hardcover ISBN:
9780857092489
Paperback ISBN:
9780081017180

About the Author

Carl T. F. Ross

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Portsmouth, UK

Reviews

Throughout the book, detailed discussions on the fundamental principles, have been given. This will help engineers to quickly understand the various steps of a problem's solution., Materials World, Robert A Burn Ceng MIMMM