Pressure Vessel Design Manual

Pressure Vessel Design Manual

4th Edition - December 26, 2012

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  • Authors: Dennis Moss, Michael Basic
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123870001
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123870018

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Pressure vessels are closed containers designed to hold gases or liquids at a pressure substantially different from the ambient pressure. They have a variety of applications in industry, including in oil refineries, nuclear reactors, vehicle airbrake reservoirs, and more. The pressure differential with such vessels is dangerous, and due to the risk of accident and fatality around their use, the design, manufacture, operation and inspection of pressure vessels is regulated by engineering authorities and guided by legal codes and standards. Pressure Vessel Design Manual is a solutions-focused guide to the many problems and technical challenges involved in the design of pressure vessels to match stringent standards and codes. It brings together otherwise scattered information and explanations into one easy-to-use resource to minimize research and take readers from problem to solution in the most direct manner possible.

Key Features

  • Covers almost all problems that a working pressure vessel designer can expect to face, with 50+ step-by-step design procedures including a wealth of equations, explanations and data
  • Internationally recognized, widely referenced and trusted, with 20+ years of use in over 30 countries making it an accepted industry standard guide
  • Now revised with up-to-date ASME, ASCE and API regulatory code information, and dual unit coverage for increased ease of international use


Entry and mid-level Mechanical Engineers who specify, design, operate, install, inspect or manufacture pressure vessels and related equipment in a process, chemical, civil, petroleum or nuclear engineering setting. Job titles include: Pressure Vessel Design Engineers, Reliability Engineers, Fixed or Principal Equipment Engineers, Maintenance Engineers, Piping Engineers, Plant Engineers, and Commissioning Engineers

Table of Contents

  • Preface to the 4th Edition

    1. General Topics

    Design Philosophy

    Stress Analysis

    Stress/Failure Theories

    Failures in Pressure Vessels



    Thermal Stresses

    Discontinuity Stresses

    Fatigue Analysis for Cyclic Service


    Cryogenic Applications

    Service Considerations

    Miscellaneous Design Considerations

    Items to be Included in a User’s Design Specification (UDS) for ASME VIII-2 Vessels


    2. General Design

    Procedure 2-1: General Vessel Formulas [1,2]

    Procedure 2-2: External Pressure Design

    Procedure 2-3: Properties of Stiffening Rings

    Procedure 2-4: Code Case 2286 [1,8,21]

    Procedure 2-5: Design of Cones

    Procedure 2-6: Design of Toriconical Transitions [1,3]

    Procedure 2-7: Stresses in Heads Due to Internal Pressure [2,3]

    Procedure 2-8: Design of Intermediate Heads [1,3]

    Procedure 2-9: Design of Flat Heads [1,2,4,5,6]

    Procedure 2-10: Design of Large Openings in Flat Heads [1]

    Procedure 2-11: Calculate MAP, MAWP, and Test Pressures

    Procedure 2-12: Nozzle Reinforcement

    Procedure 2-13 Find or Revise the Center of Gravity of a Vessel

    Procedure 2-14: Minimum Design Metal Temperature (MDMT)

    Procedure 2-15: Buckling of Thin Wall Cylindrical Shells [21]

    Procedure 2-16: Optimum Vessel Proportions [16-20][16-20]

    Procedure 2-17: Estimating Weights of Vessels and Vessel Components

    Procedure 2-18: Design of Jacketed Vessels

    Procedure 2-19: Forming Strains/Fiber Elongation


    3. Flange Design


    Procedure 3-1: Design of Flanges [1–4]

    Procedure 3-2: Design of Spherically Dished Covers

    Procedure 3-3: Design of Blind Flanges with Openings [1,4]

    Procedure 3-4: Bolt Torque Required for Sealing Flanges [5–7]

    Procedure 3-5: Design of Studding Outlets

    Procedure 3-6: Reinforcement for Studding Outlets

    Procedure 3-7: Studding Flanges

    Procedure 3-8: Design of Elliptical, Internal Manways

    Procedure 3-9: Through Nozzles


    4. Design of Vessel Supports

    Introduction: Support Structures

    Procedure 4-1: Wind Design Per ASCE [1]

    Procedure 4-2: Seismic Design – General

    Procedure 4-3: Seismic Design for Vessels [2]

    Procedure 4-4: Seismic Design – Vessel on Unbraced Legs [4–7]

    Procedure 4-5: Seismic Design – Vessel on Braced Legs

    Procedure 4-6: Seismic Design – Vessel on Rings [4,5,8]

    Procedure 4-7: Seismic Design – Vessel on Lugs [5,8–13]

    Procedure 4-8: Seismic Design – Vessel on Skirt [1,2,3]

    Procedure 4-9: Seismic Design – Vessel on Conical Skirt

    Procedure 4-10: Design of Horizontal Vessel on Saddles [1,3,14,15]

    Procedure 4-11: Design of Saddle Supports for Large Vessels [4, 15–17,20]

    Procedure 4-12: Design of Base Plates for Legs [20,21]

    Procedure 4-13: Design of Lug Supports

    Procedure 4-14: Design of Base Details for Vertical Vessels – Shifted Neutral Axis Method [4,9,13,17,18]

    Procedure 4-15: Design of Base Details for Vertical Vessels – Centered Neutral Axis Method

    Procedure 4-16: Design of Anchor Bolts for Vertical Vessels

    Procedure 4-17: Properties of Concrete


    5. Vessel Internals

    Procedure 5-1: Design of Internal Support Beds

    Procedure 5-2: Design of Lattice Beams

    Procedure 5-3: Shell Stresses due to Loadings at Support Beam Locations

    Procedure 5-4: Design of Support Blocks

    Procedure 5-5: Hub Rings used for Bed Supports

    Procedure 5-6: Design of Pipe Coils for Heat Transfer [1-9][1-9]

    Procedure 5-7: Agitators/Mixers for Vessels and Tanks

    Procedure 5-8: Design of Internal Pipe Distributors

    Procedure 5-9: Design of Trays

    Procedure 5-10: Flow Over Weirs

    Procedure 5-11: Design of Demisters

    Procedure 5-12: Design of Baffles [10]

    Procedure 5-13: Design of Impingement Plates


    6. Special Designs

    Procedure 6-1: Design of Large-Diameter Nozzle Openings [1]

    Large Openings—Membrane and Bending Analysis

    Procedure 6-2: Tower Deflection [3]

    Procedure 6-3: Design of Ring Girders [4–8]

    Procedure 6-4: Design of Vessels with Refractory Linings [9–12]

    Procedure 6-5: Vibration of Tall Towers and Stacks [13–23]

    Procedure 6-6: Underground Tanks & Vessels

    Procedure 6-7: Local Thin Area (LTA) [2]


    7. Local Loads

    Procedure 7-1: Stresses in Circular Rings [1–6]

    Procedure 7-2: Design of Partial Ring Stiffeners [7]

    Procedure 7-3: Attachment Parameters

    Procedure 7-4: Stresses in Cylindrical Shells from External Local Loads [7,9,10,11]

    Procedure 7-5: Stresses in Spherical Shells from External Local Loads [11–13]


    8. High Pressure Vessels

    1.0 General

    2.0 Shell Design

    3.0 Design of Closures

    4.0 Nozzles

    5.0. References

    9. Related Equipment

    Procedure 9-1: Design of Davits [1,2]

    Procedure 9-2: Design of Circular Platforms

    Procedure 9-3: Design of Square and Rectangular Platforms

    Procedure 9-4: Design of Pipe Supports

    Procedure 9-5: Shear Loads in Bolted Connections

    Procedure 9-6: Design of Bins and Elevated Tanks [3–9]

    Procedure 9-7: Field-Fabricated Spheres


    10. Transportation and Erection of Pressure Vessels

    Procedure 10-1: Transportation of Pressure Vessels

    Procedure 10-2: Erection of Pressure Vessels

    Procedure 10-3: Lifting Attachments and Terminology

    Procedure 10-4: Lifting Loads and Forces

    Procedure 10-5: Design of Tail Beams, Lugs, and Base Ring Details

    Procedure 10-6: Design of Top Head and Cone Lifting Lugs

    Procedure 10-7: Design of Flange Lugs

    Procedure 10-8: Design of Trunnions

    Procedure 10-9: Local Loads in Shell Due to Erection Forces

    Procedure 10-10: Miscellaneous

    11. Materials

    11.1 Types of Materials

    11.2 Properties of Materials

    11.3 Bolting

    11.4 Testing & Examination

    11.5 Heat Treatment


    Appendix A Guide to ASME Section VIII, Division 1

    Appendix B Design Data Sheet for Vessels

    Appendix C Joint Efficiencies (ASME Code) [3]

    Appendix D Properties of Heads

    Appendix E Volumes and Surface Areas of Vessel Sections

    Appendix F Vessel Nomenclature and Definitions

    Appendix G Useful Formulas for Vessels [1,2]

    Appendix H Metric Guidelines and Conversions

    Appendix I Allowable Compressive Stress for Columns, FA

    Appendix J Design of Flat Plates

    Appendix K Time Required to Drain Vessels

    Appendix L Vessel Surge Capacities and Hold-Up Times

    Appendix M Minor Defect Evaluation Procedure

    Appendix N Tolerances

    Appendix O Guideline for Application of Pressure Relief Values (PRVs)


Product details

  • No. of pages: 832
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2012
  • Published: December 26, 2012
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123870001
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123870018

About the Authors

Dennis Moss

Dennis Moss has more than 40 years' experience in the design, manufacture and inspection of pressure vessels. He is currently a Technical Director and Fellow for Fluor's Southern California office where he is the Section Supervisor of the Vessel Group.

Affiliations and Expertise

Technical Director and Section Supervisor of the Vessel Group, Fluor, California, USA

Michael Basic

Michael Basic has nearly a decade of experience in the design of pressure vessels, storage tanks, and other related equipment. He is a Registered Professional Engineer in the state of California and currently works for Fluor in southern California.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professional Engineer, Fluor, California, USA

Ratings and Reviews

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  • Durga P. Mon Oct 28 2019

    Very good book.

    Very good book.

  • JohnFlynn Thu Jan 31 2019

    Pressure Vessel Design Manual

    A good reference tome which covers most of the various types of pressure vessels based primarily on ASME criteria. There are other recognised bodies which are not covered and the use of imperial (US) units do not lend it to use by metric users without undue amendment..