Prehistoric Man and His Environments - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780127629506, 9781483220734

Prehistoric Man and His Environments

1st Edition

A Case Study in the Ozark Highland

Editors: W. Raymond Wood R. Bruce McMillan
eBook ISBN: 9781483220734
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1976
Page Count: 286
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Prehistoric Man and His Environments: A Case Study in the Ozark Highland offers a preliminary model for the paleoecology of the western Ozark Highland in Missouri for the last 35,000 years and an interpretation of how humans have adapted to and exploited the area for the 10,500 years they are known to have lived there. The model, a set of hypotheses that includes a putative explanatory framework for the observations made at Ozark, is based on more than a decade of interdisciplinary fieldwork.

Comprised of 14 chapters, this volume begins with a background on the interdisciplinary studies undertaken in the Pomme de Terre River Valley. The research has centered on the post-glacial deposits at the Rodgers Shelter and on five nearby spring bogs, each of which contained the bones of extinct mammals, pollen, and other material dating from late Pleistocene and early Holocene times. The archaeological investigations and subsequent analyses of these sites are discussed in detail. Sedimentary processes, changing subsistence patterns, material culture, and human burials at Rodgers Shelter are then analyzed. The final chapter describes the direction of research in the Ozark Highland, including plans to test aspects of the proposed model.

This book will be of interest to anthropologists, archaeologists, geographers, geologists, and botanists.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


I The Program

1 Interdisciplinary Studies in the Pomme de Terre River Valley

2 The Pomme de Terre Study Locality: Its Setting

Geography and Geology

Mineral Resources




Historical Models



II Quaternary Environments

3 Late Quaternary Geology of the Lower Pomme de Terre Valley

Older Terrace Deposits

Intermediate Terrace Deposits

Floodplain Deposits

Summary and Conclusions


4 Late Quaternary Biotic Records from Spring Deposits in Western Missouri

Flora and Radiocarbon Dates


Discussion and Summary


III The Question of Man's Antiquity

5 Man and Mastodon: A Review of Koch's 1840 Pomme de Terre Expeditions

The St. Louis Museum

Koch's Fossil Discoveries

The Osage Country

The Missouri Leviathan

An Evaluation


6 Archaeological Investigations at the Pomme de Terre Springs

Trolinger Spring

Boney Spring

Koch Spring


IV Man and his Environment

7 Rodgers Shelter: A Record of Cultural and Environmental Change

Physical Description

Excavation Strategies

Correlation of Levels

8 Sedimentary Processes at Rodgers Shelter

Analytical Procedures and Results

Rodgers Shelter Stratigraphy




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© Academic Press 1976
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

W. Raymond Wood

R. Bruce McMillan

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