Prehistoric Man and His Environments

Prehistoric Man and His Environments

A Case Study in the Ozark Highland

1st Edition - January 1, 1976

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  • Editors: W. Raymond Wood, R. Bruce McMillan
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220734

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Prehistoric Man and His Environments: A Case Study in the Ozark Highland offers a preliminary model for the paleoecology of the western Ozark Highland in Missouri for the last 35,000 years and an interpretation of how humans have adapted to and exploited the area for the 10,500 years they are known to have lived there. The model, a set of hypotheses that includes a putative explanatory framework for the observations made at Ozark, is based on more than a decade of interdisciplinary fieldwork. Comprised of 14 chapters, this volume begins with a background on the interdisciplinary studies undertaken in the Pomme de Terre River Valley. The research has centered on the post-glacial deposits at the Rodgers Shelter and on five nearby spring bogs, each of which contained the bones of extinct mammals, pollen, and other material dating from late Pleistocene and early Holocene times. The archaeological investigations and subsequent analyses of these sites are discussed in detail. Sedimentary processes, changing subsistence patterns, material culture, and human burials at Rodgers Shelter are then analyzed. The final chapter describes the direction of research in the Ozark Highland, including plans to test aspects of the proposed model. This book will be of interest to anthropologists, archaeologists, geographers, geologists, and botanists.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    I The Program

    1 Interdisciplinary Studies in the Pomme de Terre River Valley

    2 The Pomme de Terre Study Locality: Its Setting

    Geography and Geology

    Mineral Resources




    Historical Models



    II Quaternary Environments

    3 Late Quaternary Geology of the Lower Pomme de Terre Valley

    Older Terrace Deposits

    Intermediate Terrace Deposits

    Floodplain Deposits

    Summary and Conclusions


    4 Late Quaternary Biotic Records from Spring Deposits in Western Missouri

    Flora and Radiocarbon Dates


    Discussion and Summary


    III The Question of Man's Antiquity

    5 Man and Mastodon: A Review of Koch's 1840 Pomme de Terre Expeditions

    The St. Louis Museum

    Koch's Fossil Discoveries

    The Osage Country

    The Missouri Leviathan

    An Evaluation


    6 Archaeological Investigations at the Pomme de Terre Springs

    Trolinger Spring

    Boney Spring

    Koch Spring


    IV Man and his Environment

    7 Rodgers Shelter: A Record of Cultural and Environmental Change

    Physical Description

    Excavation Strategies

    Correlation of Levels

    8 Sedimentary Processes at Rodgers Shelter

    Analytical Procedures and Results

    Rodgers Shelter Stratigraphy


    9 Changing Subsistence Patterns at Rodgers Shelter

    Plant Foods



    10 Material Culture at Rodgers Shelter: A Reflection of Past Human Activities

    Functional Artifact Categories



    11 Human Burials from Rodgers Shelter

    Burial 1

    Burial 2





    12 The Dynamics of Cultural and Environmental Change at Rodgers Shelter, Missouri

    Analysis of Chronological Variation

    Changing Patterns of Human Adaptation

    Environmental Change and Cultural Adaptation


    V Synopsis and Epilogue

    13 A Summary of Environmental and Cultural Change in the Western Missouri Ozarks

    14 Models in Western Missouri Paleoecology and Prehistory: The Future

    Project Bibliography

    VI Appendices

    Appendix A Potential Food Plants of the Western Missouri Ozarks

    Appendix B Forest Density and Nut Production Potential for the Rodgers Shelter Area


Product details

  • No. of pages: 286
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: January 1, 1976
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220734

About the Editors

W. Raymond Wood

R. Bruce McMillan

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