Practical UML Statecharts in C/C++

2nd Edition

Event-Driven Programming for Embedded Systems

Authors: Miro Samek
Paperback ISBN: 9780750687065
Imprint: Newnes
Published Date: 3rd October 2008
Page Count: 728


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Practical UML Statecharts in C/C++ Second Edition bridges the gap between high-level abstract concepts of the Unified Modeling Language (UML) and the actual programming aspects of modern hierarchical state machines (UML statecharts). The book describes a lightweight, open source, event-driven infrastructure, called QP that enables direct manual coding UML statecharts and concurrent event-driven applications in C or C++ without big tools. This book is presented in two parts. In Part I, you get a practical description of the relevant state machine concepts starting from traditional finite state automata to modern UML state machines followed by state machine coding techniques and state-machine design patterns, all illustrated with executable examples. In Part II, you find a detailed design study of a generic real-time framework indispensable for combining concurrent, event-driven state machines into robust applications. Part II begins with a clear explanation of the key event-driven programming concepts such as inversion of control (”Hollywood Principle”), blocking versus non-blocking code, run-to-completion (RTC) execution semantics, the importance of event queues, dealing with time, and the role of state machines to maintain the context from one event to the next. This background is designed to help software developers in making the transition from the traditional sequential to the modern event-driven programming, which can be one of the trickiest paradigm shifts. The lightweight QP event-driven infrastructure goes several steps beyond the traditional real-time operating system (RTOS). In the simplest configuration, QP runs on bare-metal microprocessor, microcontroller, or DSP completely replacing the RTOS. QP can also work with almost any OS/RTOS to take advantage of the existing device drivers, communication stacks, and other middleware. The accompanying website to this book contains complete open source code for QP, ports to popular proc

Key Features

Focuses on core concepts rather than tools which are always changing allowing the reader to continue to use this information with various projects Provides a complete, ready-to-use, open source software architecture for small and large embedded systems *Includes an extensive example using the ARM Cortex-M3 throughout the book highlighting issues programmers and architects encounter in everyday life


Embedded programmers; real-time system architects; code developers using C or C++

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 Whirlwind Tour of Programming with Statecharts 1.1 Why Bother? 1.2 The Traditional Event-Action Paradigm 1.3 State Machines ? A Better Way of Programming 1.3.1 The Time Bomb Example 1.3.2 The Calculator Example 1.5 Object-Oriented Analogy 1.6 The Event-driven Framework 1.6 Summary

Chapter 2 A Crash Course in Statecharts 2.1 The Essence of Finite State Machines 2.2 The Essence of UML Statecharts 2.3 Examples of State Models 2.4 Summary

Chapter 3 Standard State Machine Implementations 3.1 State Machine Interface 3.2 Nested switch Statement 3.3 State Table 3.4 State Design Pattern 3.5 Optimal FSM Implementation 3.6 State Machines and C++ Exception Handling 3.7 Role of Pointer-to-Member Functions 3.8 Implementing Guards, Junctions, and Choice Points 3.9 Implementing Entry and Exit Actions 3.10 Dealing with State Hierarchy 3.11 Summary

Chapter 4 QEP: A Minimal Hierarchical Event Processor 4.1 General Structure of the QEP Event Processor 4.2 An Annotated Example (QHsm) 4.3 QEP Structure 4.3.1 QEP Source Code Structure 4.3.2 Internal Representation of a State Machine 4.3.3 Initialization of a State Machine 4.3.4 Dispatching Events to a FSM 4.3.5 Executing a Transition in a FSM 4.3.6 Dispatching Events to a HSM 4.3.7 Executing a Transition in a HSM 4.3.8 Static Transition Optimization in a HSM 4.4 Porting and Configuring QEP 4.5 Caveats 4.6 Su


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About the Author

Miro Samek

Dr. Miro Samek is the founder and president of Quantum Leaps, an open source company providing lightweight, state machine-based, event-driven application frameworks for embedded systems. He is the author of Practical Statecharts in C/C++ (CMP Books, 2002), has written numerous articles for magazines, including a column for C/C++ Users Journal, is a regular speaker at the Embedded Systems Conferences, and serves on the editorial review board of the Embedded Systems Design magazine. For a number of years, he worked in various Silicon Valley companies as an embedded software architect and before that he worked as an embedded software engineer at GE Medical Systems (now GE Healthcare). Dr. Samek earned his Ph.D. in nuclear physics at GSI (Darmstadt, Germany).

Affiliations and Expertise

President, Quantum Leaps, Chapel Hill, NC, USA