Practical Parallel Computing

Practical Parallel Computing

1st Edition - September 28, 1994

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  • Author: H. Stephen Morse
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483214191

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Description

Practical Parallel Computing provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of high-performance parallel processing. This book discusses the development of parallel applications on a variety of equipment. Organized into three parts encompassing 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the technology trends that converge to favor massively parallel hardware over traditional mainframes and vector machines. This text then gives a tutorial introduction to parallel hardware architectures. Other chapters provide worked-out examples of programs using several parallel languages. This book deals as well with benchmarking and performance estimation on parallel machines. The final chapter provides a structured, flexible methodology for selecting a parallel machine and for integrating it into operations. This book is a valuable resource for readers who are confronted with the practical realities of parallel computing for the first time. Mid-level technical managers, algorithm designers, computer scientists, and doctorate-level mathematicians will also find this book extremely useful.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Part 1 Preliminaries

    1 The Status and Future of Massively Parallel Processing

    1.1 Technology Trends Favoring Parallel Architectures

    1.2 Obstacles Inhibiting Commercial Success

    1.3 Trends and Considerations

    Summary of Chapter 1

    2 Can Parallel Machines Be Used Efficiently?

    2.1 A Parallel Parable: Building a Wall

    2.2 Amdahl's Law

    2.3 Examples

    Summary of Chapter 2

    3 An Introduction to Hardware Architectures

    3.1 Impacts of Hardware Architecture

    3.2 A Primer on Interconnection Networks

    3.3 SIMD Machines

    3.4 Distributed Memory MIMD Machines

    3.5 Shared Memory MIMD Machines

    Summary of Chapter 3

    Part 2 Software Issues

    4 Shared Memory Parallel Language Constructs

    4.1 Basic Concepts for Shared Memory Parallel Programming

    4.2 The Sample Problem on an SGI Challenge SMP

    4.3 Observations and Considerations

    Summary of Chapter 4

    5 Message Passing

    5.1 An Overview of the Message-Passing Library

    5.2 The Sample Problem on an nCube 2

    5.3 Express

    5.4 Intel Paragon

    5.5 Observations and Considerations

    Summary of Chapter 5

    6 SIMD and Array-Based Languages

    6.1 An Overview

    6.2 MPL on the MasPar MP-1

    6.3 C* on the Connection Machine

    Summary of Chapter 6

    7 Linda

    7.1 A Linda Primer

    7.2 The Sample Problem in Linda

    7.3 Observations and Considerations

    Summary of Chapter 7

    8 The Development Environment for Parallel Software

    8.1 Compilers

    8.2 Debugging Parallel Code

    8.3 Profilers and Load Balancing

    8.4 Other Tools

    Summary of Chapter 8

    9 Operating System Issues

    9.1 Multiple Users

    9.2 Virtual Address Spaces

    9.3 Scheduling

    9.4 Virtual Processors

    9.5 I/O

    9.6 Open Systems

    Summary of Chapter 9

    Part 3 Management Issues

    10 Benchmarking Parallel Applications

    10.1 Dependence on Problem Size and Machine Size

    10.2 Publicly Available Parallel Benchmarks

    10.3 Scaling Sequential Performance to Parallel Performance

    10.4 Estimating Performance

    10.5 Questions to Ask Vendors

    Summary of Chapter 10

    11 Porting and Developing Parallel Applications

    11.1 Porting Strategies

    11.2 Developing Parallel Applications

    11.3 Examples

    Summary of Chapter 11

    12 Matching Applications to Architectures

    12.1 A Methodology

    12.2 Integrating a Parallel Machine into Existing Operations

    Summary of Chapter 12

    Appendix A The Sample Problem

    Listing for Sample Problem

    Appendix B SGI Challenge

    Appendix C nCube

    Appendix D Express

    Appendix E Intel Paragon

    Appendix F MasParMP-1

    Appendix G C* on the Connection Machine

    Appendix H Linda

    Appendix I Two Recent Machines

    1.1 The SP-Series from IBM

    Node Architecture

    Interprocessor Communications

    I/O Software

    1.2 Exemplar Series from Convex Corp.

    System Architecture

    System Software

    1.3 Summary and Comparison

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 420
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1994
  • Published: September 28, 1994
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483214191

About the Author

H. Stephen Morse

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